Questões de Inglês Você está resolvendo questões.
Escolha a disciplina, dificuldade em Filtrar Questões
Questão 37 652373UP Medicina 2018/1
O texto a seguir é referência para a questão.
The UN Refugee Agency’s annual Global Trends study found that 65.6 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide at the end of 2016 – a total bigger than the population of the United Kingdom and about 300,000 more than last year.
It noted that the pace at which people are becoming displaced remains very high. On average, 20 people were driven from their homes every minute last year, or one every three seconds.
In each of the past five years, annual increases to the global displacement total have been in the millions. While the 2016 total is high – representing an enormous number of people needing protection worldwide – it also shows that growth in displacement slowed last year.
The total figure includes 40.3 million people uprooted within the borders of their own countries, about 500,000 fewer than in 2015. Meanwhile, the total number seeking asylum globally was 2.8 million.
However, the total seeking safety across international borders as refugees topped 22.5 million, the highest number seen since UNHCR was founded in 1950 in the aftermath of the Second World War.
The conflict in Syria, was the world’s biggest producer of refugees (5.5 million). However in 2016 the biggest new factor was South Sudan, where the disastrous break-off of peace efforts in July of that year contributed to an outflow of 737,400 people by the end of the year. That number has continued to rise during the first half of 2017.
Nyawet Tut, a South Sudanese mother of five in her 30s, described the situation:
“My husband was killed in the war which, in addition to the shortage of food, made me decide to leave my home, everything, behind,” she told UNHCR staff during an interview at a temporary way station in Ethiopia.
In terms of overall displacement, Syria still accounts for the biggest numbers, with 12 million people (65 per cent of the population) displaced internally or living outside the country as refugees.
Particularly heartbreaking is the plight of children, who make up half the world’s refugees, and continue to bear a disproportionate burden of the suffering, mainly because of their heightened vulnerability.
Tragically, 75,000 asylum claims were received from children travelling alone or separated from their parents, among them youngsters like Tareq, 16, who dodged armed combatants to walk out of Syria into neighbouring Turkey.
“There was no future where we lived”, he told UNHCR. “There was no university and no work. There were troops grabbing young children like me, and they send them to war, and they get killed. I wanted to study”.
Last year, much of the news coverage focused on refugee resettlement to developed countries, including efforts by some states to restrict access and even erect border barriers.
However, figures in the report showed that, worldwide, most refugees – 84 per cent – were in developing or middle-income countries at the end of 2016, with one in every three (4.9 million people) being hosted by the world’s least developed countries.
This huge imbalance reflects several things including the lack of consensus internationally when it comes to hosting refugees, and the proximity of many poor countries to regions of conflict.
It also illustrates the need for countries and communities supporting refugees and other displaced people to be properly resourced and supported, the absence of which can cause instability, have consequences for life-saving humanitarian work or lead to secondary displacement.
(Adaptado: <http://www.unhcr.org/news/stories/2017/6/5941561f4/forced-displacement-worldwide-its-highest-decades. html> Acesso em 16/08/2017)
Among the main challenges concerning the refugees nowadays mentioned in the text, the text highlights:
Questão 59 664964UP Demais Cursos 2018/1
O texto a seguir é referência para a questão.
Fish may be actively seeking out plastic debris in the oceans as the tiny pieces appear to smell similar to their natural prey, new research suggests.
The fish confuse plastic for an edible substance because microplastics in the oceans pick up a covering of biological material, such as algae, that mimics the smell of food, according to the study published on Wednesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society.
Scientists presented schools of wild-caught anchovies with plastic debris taken from the oceans, and with clean pieces of plastic that had never been in the ocean. The anchovies responded to the odours of the ocean debris in the same way as they do to the odours of the food they seek.
The scientists said this was the first behavioural evidence that the chemical signature of plastic debris was attractive to a marine organism, and reinforces other work suggesting the odour could be significant.
The finding demonstrates an additional danger of plastic in the oceans, as it suggests that fish are not just ingesting the tiny pieces by accident, but actively seeking them out.
Matthew Savoca, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and lead author of the study, told the Guardian: “When plastic floats at sea its surface gets colonised by algae within days or weeks, a process known as biofouling. Previous research has shown that this algae produces and emits DMS, an algal based compound that certain marine animals use to find food. [The research shows] plastic may be more deceptive to fish than previously thought. If plastic both looks and smells like food, it is more difficult for animals like fish to distinguish it as not food”.
Plastic debris in the oceans, ranging from the microscopic to large visible pieces, is recognised as a growing problem as it does not readily degrade and hundreds of thousands of tonnes are dumped in the sea annually. Larger pieces have been found in the intestines of whales and seabirds, where they are thought to be potentially fatal, while the smallest pieces have been detected in the guts of even juvenile fish and molluscs. Numerous species of fish eaten by humans have been found to contain plastic, and the effect of eating these on human health is still unknown.
Efforts to reduce marine plastic have so far had little effect: microbeads widely used in cosmetics and other products have been banned in the US, the UK and other countries, but they only solve part of the problem, which is mainly caused by dumping of plastic rubbish. There could be more plastic than fish in the sea by 2050, campaigners have warned.
HARVEY, Fiona. “Fish mistaking plastic debris in ocean for food”. In The Guardian.16 August 2017. Adapted from . Acesso em 16/08/2017.
One of the procedures of the research carried out by the scientists and described in the text was:
Questão 19 686637UPF Verão 2018
'I am not afraid" Barcelona holds peace march after terror attacks
Angela Dewan, CNN
 Half a million people took part in a colorful peace protest in Barcelona on Saturday after Spain's Catalonia region was hit with two terror
 attacks that killed 16 people.
 The march was organized with the hashtag #NoTincPor -- Catalan for "I am not afraid" -- a slogan shouted repeatedly by the protesters
 as they made their way down the Passeig de Gràcia shopping avenue. Spanish King Felipe VI and Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy attended
 the protest. Protesters held signs saying "No to Islamophobia" as they marched alongside members of the city's Muslim communi ty.
 Some Muslim marchers held signs reading "I am Muslim. I am not a terrorist," and "Islam is peace." "The solution is peace. Peace is
 equal for all," one protester told CNN Espanol. Another woman in the crowd looked dejected and said simply, "it's enough already."
 Marchers handed roses to the police and paramedics to thank them for their response to the attacks, and some adorned their vehicles
 with the flowers.
 The Catalan Police confirmed that around 500,000 people attended the protests. On its Twitter account, police posted pictures of the
 march and wrote: "Today there is only one message and it is the rejection of terrorism. Respect all cultures and let's say #Imnotaf raid
 Protesters also added their tributes to a mountain of roses laid at Las Ramblas, where a driver plowed a van into crowds on August 17,
 killing 14 people and leaving more than 100 others injured.
 Police believe 22-year-old Morrocan national Younes Abouyaaqoub was the driver in the attack. He is also accused of killing a man as
 he hijacked a vehicle to escape the attack scene. Abouyaaqoub was killed during a police operation on Monday.
 Another victim died in a second attack in the early hours of August 18, when a vehicle mowed down pedestrians in the coastal town of
 Cambrils. Five assailants in the car were shot dead by police at the scene. They and Abouyaaqoub were wearing fake suicide belts when
 they were killed, police said.
(Retrieved and adapted from http://edition.cnn.com/2017/08/27/europe/barcelona-demonstration-spain-attacks/index.html. Access on September 1st, 2017).
Answer the question according to Text.
The only piece of information about Younes which is not in the text is
Questão 13 491361FAG Medicina 2017/1
Text: Read the following article:
THE Youth Offending Service (YOS) is appealing for volunteers to take part in its established mentoring programme. Volunteers are needed for the “The Promise Project” which is a scheme to help youngsters who are, or are in danger of becoming, involved in the criminal justice system. This Safer Caerphilly Community Safety Partnership funded scheme works with 10 to 18 year olds from across the local area and provides positive role models who work with the youngsters to help create positive changes in their lives. Mentors work in a one-to-one relationship with a young person who has signed an Acceptable Behaviour Contract (ABC), agreeing to stop committing antisocial acts. They voluntarily give time to receive and provide support, guidance and encouragement. The mentors also help young people to occupy their leisure time in a constructive manner and encourage development by helping them find employment or education. Anyone interested in helping to change the life of a local youngster by becoming a mentor, should contact the Blackwood-based Youth Offending Service on 01495235623.
Ellen donates prize tickets to charity
A YOUNG competition winner has donated her prize cinema tickets to a South Wales charity. Ellen King, 12, donated the tickets to see Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian to the Miskin Project. Ellen, from St John Baptist Schoolin Aberdare, won the tickets by taking part in St Tydfil Shopping Centre's design a character competition. The prize tickets were initially meant for Ellen to take her school class, however she kindly thought of the Miskin Project. The Miskin Project supports teenagers who may be considered vulnerable or at risk of harm, the project also offers support to children in foster care. Matthew Free, one of the team at the Miskin Project said “We would really like to offer our thanks to Ellen who donated the tickets”.
Aug 12 2008. by Gerry Holt, South Wales Echo
The second part of the article let us know about another social project that is dedicated to…
Questão 9 599800FCMSJF 2017/2
Syrian children in state of “toxic stress”, Save the Children says
Millions of Syrian children could be living in a state of “toxic stress” due to prolonged exposure to the horrors of war, aid group Save the Children says.
The damage to an entire generation of children could soon become irreversible without immediate help, it adds.
The stress of war has led to increased bedwetting, self-harm, suicide attempts and aggressive behaviour among many children, according to a new report.
The findings are based on hundreds of interviews in Syria.
Save the Children says its study is the largest of its kind into the mental health and well-being of Syria’s children amid the war, which began in 2011 and has left more than 300,000 people dead.
Save the Children spoke to more than 450 people in seven of Syria 14 governorates as part of its study, including children of varying ages, parents, caregivers, social workers, aid workers and teachers.
• Almost all children and 84% of adults said that bombing and shelling was the number one cause of psychological stress for children
• Two-thirds of children have either lost a loved one, had their house bombed or shelled, or been injured as a result of the war, according to adults interviewed (some had suffered more than one of these traumatic events)
• 71% of interviewees said that children were increasingly suffering from frequent bedwetting and “involuntary urination” - symptoms of toxic stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
• 48% of adults said they had seen children who had lost their ability to speak or begun to suffer from speech impediments since the war began
• Nearly half of those interviewed said children “regularly or always have feelings of grief or extreme sadness”
Hisham (not his real name) is a school teacher from the eastern city of Deir al-Zour, which is partially held by IS and partially by the government.
He, his wife and five children have now fled to the al-Hol refugee camp.
When the war first started, he said, children in Deir al-Zour found the sounds of shelling entertaining, like a game, until their relatives and people they know started dying.
Soon, they were spending all their time on the streets “because there was nothing to keep them occupied”, including schools.
His oldest child is nine, but “doesn’t even know how to add one plus one”.
BBC - 7 March 2017
Why could Syrian children be living in a state of “toxic stress”?
Questão 21 600629UNIC 2017/1
You don’t need extra minutes in your day to eat
less or to move more, the two basic pillars of weight
loss. Here’s how to reevaluate the time you do have, and
smart strategies to make dropping pounds easier, no
 matter how swamped you are.
Every small step you take toward a healthier lifestyle
matters, says Jeff Katula, PhD, associate professor of
health and exercise science at Wake Forest University.
“People often think they have to spend an hour at the
 gym or eat a diet full of hummus and superfoods, and
when they can’t attain that level they just give up and
don’t even try,” he says. Instead of looking at your whole
day as a success or failure, says Katula, consider every
decision you make a chance to do something healthy.
 Just because you skipped the gym doesn’t mean you
shouldn’t watch your calorie intake for the rest of the
day, for example. (In fact, it means the exact opposite!)
“You don’t need to cook your own food or even eat
different food to lose weight,” says Katula. “You just need
 to eat less.” Most people need to consume between 1,200
and 1,500 calories a day if they want to drop pounds in a
healthy and sustainable way — and for a lot of people,
eating appropriate portion sizes, skipping dessert, or not
going back for seconds is one of the easiest ways to
 reduce their total calorie intake.
Not skipping meals is crucial. This may seem
counterintuitive after advice to eat less overall, but busy
people especially may need to space out their calories
more throughout the day. That’s because going more
 than four or five hours without refueling can slow
metabolism, affect hormones and insulin levels, and
contribute to unhealthy food choices when you do finally
sit down to eat. “A lot of our overweight patients aren’t
necessarily overeating, but their eating patterns have
 become so erratic — they have a cup of coffee in the
morning and then no real food until late afternoon,” he
says. “The key is to avoid that and keep a consistent
schedule, whether that’s three meals a day and a couple
of snacks, or five mini meals.”
YOU DON’T NEED...Disponível em: Time.com/3761610/lose-weight-whenbusy/ Acesso em: 12 out. 2016. Adaptado.
Jeff Katula says that, in order to lose weight, people
Saídas de Tela
Saídas de Tela
Durante a realização dessa avaliação você não pode mudar de tela.
Cuidados para evitar que sua avaliação seja bloqueada:
- Não mude de programa ou de aba durante a avaliação.
- Desative a opção de bloqueio de tela, caso esteja fazendo alguma cálculo no papel.
- Não acesse outras notificações ou alertas durante a avaliação.
- Caso sua avaliação seja finalizada, apenas seu professor poderá reativá-la.