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Questão 27 390593EEAR 2019/1
Read the text and answer question.
- 25g butter
- 500g small onions, (about 5 in total), halved and finely sliced
- 2 eggs
- 284ml pot double cream
- 140g mature cheddar, coarsely grated
For the pastry
- 280g plain flour, plus extra for dusting
- 140g cold butter
Adapted from www.bbcgoodfood.com - Accessed on 15/12/2015.
The text above is a recipe for:
Questão 28 603328UNICENTRO 2019
Calvin and Hobbes by Bill Watterson
Hobbes can’t succeed in writing the paragraph because
Questão 46 603974FMC 2019/1
Fake news: What exactly is it – and how can you spot it?
By: James Carson, 28 sep 2018
"Fake news" was not a term many people used two years ago, but it is now seen as one of the greatest threats to democracy, free debate and the Western order.
As well as being a favourite term of Donald Trump, it was also named 2017's word of the year, raising tensions between nations, and may lead to regulation of social media.
And yet, nobody can agree on what it is, the extent of the problem, and what to do about it.
How do you spot it?
Spotting fake news isn't easy: a Stanford study last year found that students were shockingly bad at distinguishing between different types of material online, whether paid for, fake or legitimate.
Facebook has a useful list of ways to spot fake news, which include checking other sources and a site's URL.
Facebook’s tips for spotting fake news
1. Be sceptical of headlines. The headlines of fake news stories are often catchy, and contain lots of capital letters and exclamation marks. If claims in the headline sound unbelievable, they may well be.
2. Look closely at the URL. Many false news stories mimic authentic news sources by making small changes to the URL. You can go to the site to compare the URL to established sources.
3. Check the source. Ensure the story comes from a source with a reputation for accuracy. If the story comes from a site you have not heard of, check their “About” section to learn more.
4. Watch for unusual formatting. Many false news stories often contain spelling and grammar errors, as well as an awkward looking layout.
5. Check the photos. False news stories often contain manipulated images or videos. Sometimes the photo may be authentic, but taken out of context. You can do an internet search of the image to find out where it came from.
6. Check the dates. Fake news stories may contain timelines that make no sense, or event dates which are wrong or have been altered.
7. Check the evidence. Check the author‟s sources to confirm they are accurate. Lack of evidence, or a reliance on unnamed experts may indicate false news.
8. Look at other reports. If no other news source is reporting the same story, it could indicate that it is false.
9. Is the story a joke? Sometimes false news stories can be hard to distinguish from humourous articles. Check whether the source is known for parody, and whether the story‟s details and tone suggest it may be just for fun.
10. Some stories are intentionally false. Think critically about the stories that you read, and only share articles which you know to be credible. News stories are often described as so good you couldn't make it up, which is often what makes them great news stories. But it's worth expressing scepticism about everything: could this really happen?
Disponível em: . Access: 23 Oct, 2018. Adapted.
Glossary: threats: ameaças; sceptical: cético; mimic: copiar; awkward: estranho.
According to Facebook‟s list of tips to spot fake news, people should search images on the internet because fake news stories usually
Questão 21 604087UNESP 2019/1
Leia o trecho do artigo de Jason Farago, publicado pelo jornal The New York Times, para responder à questão.
She led Latin American Art in a bold new direction
In 1928, Tarsila do Amaral painted Abaporu, a landmark work of Brazilian Modernism, in which a nude figure, half-human and half-animal, looks down at his massive, swollen foot, several times the size of his head. Abaporu inspired Tarsila’s husband at the time, the poet Oswald de Andrade, to write his celebrated “Cannibal Manifesto,” which flayed Brazil’s belletrist writers and called for an embrace of local influences – in fact, for a devouring of them. The European stereotype of native Brazilians as cannibals would be reformatted as a cultural virtue. More than a social and literary reform movement, cannibalism would form the basis for a new Brazilian nationalism, in which, as de Andrade wrote, “we made Christ to be born in Bahia.”
The unconventional nudes of A Negra, a painting produced in 1923, and Abaporu unite in Tarsila’s final great painting, Antropofagia, a marriage of two figures that is also a marriage of Old World and New. The couple sit entangled, her breast drooping over his knee, their giant feet crossed one over the other, while, behind them, a banana leaf grows as large as a cactus. The sun, high above the primordial couple, is a wedge of lemon.
(Jason Farago. www.nytimes.com, 15.02.2018. Adaptado.)
De acordo com o artigo de Jason Farago, o “Manifesto Antropofágico”, escrito por Oswald de Andrade, foi influenciado
Questão 25 604931FATEC 2019/1
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
The Skills You Need To Succeed In 2020
By Avil Beckford – Aug 6, 2018.
The World Economic Forum reports that you need ten skills to thrive in 2020: complex problem solving; critical thinking; creativity; people management; coordinating with others; emotional intelligence; judgement and decision making; service orientation; negotiation; cognitive flexibility.
The ten skills on this list make sense for the age that we are living in. Of these, you want to focus on creative work, because that is where you are likely to remain employable. Every professional can be creative in the work she does.
You might have started to realize that you will need more than the ten skills listed earlier. Alvin Tofler once said, “The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.”
In some instances, relearning could be adapting what you know to a new reality. Take cell phones as an example. When they first came out, they were used solely as communications devices. Convergence happened, and now our smartphones are minicomputers. People had to relearn how to use a phone.
In terms of work, you will have to adapt some of your skills to the jobs of the future, and you will also have to learn new skills. Here are some of the additional skills that you will need to succeed in 2020.
Learning how to learn. Since skills are constantly changing, you have to learn how to learn.
Analyzing information. When you take good and detailed notes, you can review them to pick out the big ideas, understand, and make sense of information.
Spotting patterns and trends. I recommend that you combine ideas from the diferent books that you read. By doing this, you may be able to spot ideas and trends.
Communicating – written and oral. You can combine ideas that once seemed unrelated to communicate them to influencers, who can help you to shape and implement them.
Understanding and leveraging technology. Technology is changing at an unprecedented pace, so you need to understand and keep on top of it.
<https://tinyurl.com/y7pahnqf> Acesso em: 15.10.2018. Adaptado.
Na frase, The World Economic Forum reports that you need ten skills to thrive in 2020…, presente no primeiro parágrafo do texto, a palavra thrive pode ser substituída por
Questão 33 605097UNIFESP 2019
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Words that define the present
At a time when the world is changing more quickly than ever before, we need a new vocabulary to help us grasp what’s happening.
Catfishing. This word would make more sense if it referred to fishing for cats, but in fact, it refers to people who construct false identities online. Whether out of boredom, loneliness or malice, they lure other people into continued messaging correspondence, thereby building false relationships with them (the apparent source of the term “catfish” is a 2010 documentary called Catfish, whose verity, ironically enough, has been questioned).
There are two ways of looking at this: 1) The internet/ cyberspace is wonderful, because it gives people the freedom to augment or totally change their identities, and this is a marvellous new dawn for human expression, a new step in human evolution. 2) Nah, it’s a false dawn, because the internet is essentially a libertarian arena, and, as such, an amoral one (lots of “freedoms” but with no attendant social obligations); it is a new jungle where we must watch our backs and struggle for survival, surely a backward step in evolution. I lean toward the latter.
(Cameron Laux. www.bbc.com, 08.08.2018. Adaptado.)
No trecho do segundo parágrafo “they lure other people into continued messaging correspondence”, o termo sublinhado tem sentido, em português, de
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