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Questão 56 282636UNIFOR Prova Medicina 2018
Crunch time as Catalonia holds independence vote
Hundreds of people started gathering at polling stations in Catalonia early on Sunday to vote in an independence referendum banned by Madrid, according to AFP reporters on the ground. Photo: Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP
In Barcelona, as well as Girona, the bastion of Catalan president Carles Puigdemont, people said they had turned out1 before dawn to protect polling stations and defend their right to vote, defying attempts by the central government to prevent the ballot from taking place.
Spain's central government is staunchly against the vote, which has been ruIed unconstitutional by the courts, and has used all the legal tools at its disposal to stop it from taking place.
On orders of judges and prosecutors, police have seized ballot papers, detained key organisers and shut down2 websites promoting the vote.
But on the streets early Sunday, voters were determined to be heard.
“In Catalonia, we are at the stage where we think that it's essential to decide if we want to remain part of the Spanish state,” Pau Valls, an 18-year-old student told AFP.
In an interview with AFP on Saturday, Puigdemont insisted that his government had “everything in place” so that the referendum could go ahead in the wealthy region that is home to some 7.5 million people.
The planned referendum has sown divisions among Catalans and stoked passions further afield in Spain.
Opinion polls show the region is deeply divided over independence, but a large majority of Catalans want to be able to settle the matter in a referendum, though most would prefer it to be legal and binding.
Whatever happens, Sunday's referendum result will not be recognised by Madrid, and almost certainly not by the international community.
But separatist leaders are banking on a high turnout to give Iegitimacy to their vote, though it is as yet uncIear how people will be able to cast their ballots.
Spain's interior ministry said Saturday police had closed most of the 2,315 polling stations across Catalonia. But at least 160 were occupied by teachers, parents, students and activists determined to let people in anyway.
All eyes were on whether police would forcefully evict them.
Some schools designated as polling stations imagined innovative ways to stay open, organising leisure activities all over the weekend, from kids” pyjama parties to volleyball games.
A regional government source said voting may also take place in other places like health centres and even retirement homes.
Farmers and firefighters have also pledged to protect polling stations.
Berta Clos, an 18-year-old student, was helping to occupy Barcelona's Menendez y Pelayo Institute.
She said Catalan police had already told those inside that they would come and notify them that they had to shut the school down.
“But they have also told us that if there are people inside, they won't be able to do it so we just need to make sure that this remains open.”
The Mossos d'Esquadra Catalan police have warned about the risk of “disruption of public order” if efforts are made to prevent people from casting ballots.
Madrid has sent thousands of extra police officers from other forces to Catalonia to stop the referendum from happening.
On Saturday, Puigdemont called on3 those going to vote to maintain a “peaceful attitude”.
That same day, thousands took to the streets across the country - including in Barcelona - in favour of national unity.
As well as being critical of Puigdemont, some protesters also faulted Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's conservative government for Iimiting its response to the crisis to repeating that the referendum is unconstitutional.
“The state needs to explain the benefits of remaining united, instead of repeating all the time that the referendum is illegal,” said Rafael Castillo, a 59-year-old engineer at a Madrid rally, wearing a scarf with the Spanish flag around his neck.
Whatever happens on Sunday, analysts fear that the standoff between Catalan leaders and Madrid has left a damaging mark
And it is unlikely to blow over4 after the vote.
Carles Riera, a regional parliament Iawmaker for the radical CUP party, part of Catalonia's separatist coalition, vowed that mobilisation would continue after the vote - if the “yes” camp won but Madrid opposed the result, as is almost certain.
“We're in a process of popular mobilisation that is going to last a while,” he told reporters.
Marque a opção que melhor resume a ideia principal do texto.
Questão 55 284563UNIFOR Prova Bacharelado 2018
Observe a tirinha e marque a opção correta.
I. Se Charlie Brown quiser servir Snoopy, que entre pela porta de serviço!
II. Segundo Charlie, se Snoopy estiver com fome, ele tem que se virar.
III. Charlie se sente ultrajado com a atitude de Snoopy.
IV. Charlie não suporta mais comer com Snoopy.
V. Snoopy não está a fim de jantar.
É correto apenas o que se afirma em:
Questão 58 284569UNIFOR Prova Bacharelado 2018
Complete o texto abaixo com o presente simples ou o presente contínuo dos verbos entre parênteses.
Profile PRET A MANGER
Pret A Manger __________1 (be) a UK company and one of the world’s leading sandwich chains. It ________2 (sell) freshly made sandwiches in busy city centres. At the end of each day, the shops __________3 (give) any unsold products to the homeless. Currently, Pret ________4 (do) very well in south of England. Pret ________ 5 (operate) a total of 232 UK outlets, and this year it ________6 (plan) new outlets for London. In the US, it ________7 (have) 23 outlets in New York and another 10 in Hong Kong. Pret’s international activities ________8 (grow) in importance. This month, as part of the next stage of expansion, Pret ________ 9 (open) its first two shops in Paris. At the same time, the marketing team ________10 (work) with Lewis PR, a global PR company, to improve the brands international image.
Marque a alternativa que corresponde à sequência correta.
Questão 59 284572UNIFOR Prova Bacharelado 2018
Leia a apresentação de Elena Martinez.
Hi, I’m Elena Martinez. Good to see you all. I’d like to talk to you about the new computer network. My presentation is in three sections. The subject of ________1 of my presentation is the installation schedule. ______2 , I’m going to talk about the benefits of the new software. ______3 , I’ll explain the training programme. ______ 4 of my presentation, you will have a clear idea of the new network.
Marque a alternativa que preenche corretamente as lacunas.
Questão 60 284573UNIFOR Prova Bacharelado 2018
Lessons in cultural difference
It is 9.05 a.m. and a group of Chinese businessmen are outside a hotel conference room in São Paulo, waiting for the Brazilians hosts. The seminar was scheduled to start five minutes ago, but, like many meetings in Brazil, it did not start on time. The Brazilians arrive, complaining loudly about the morning’s traffic and go immediately to breakfast. Cultural differences between the two countries become clear.
In 2009, China replaced the US as Brazil’s biggest trading partner. As a result, Brazilians companies are keen to understand the Chinese better and find the best way to do business together.
For companies already working with China, getting to know the culture is a priority. At Chinbra, São Paulo’s biggest Chinese language school, students, who mainly work in the import business, take evening classes
in Mandarin. About half the lesson is about cultural issues. They ask questions such as “Should I give my business card with two hands?” and “What presents should I give – something Brazilian?”
Some business deals fail because of small things like a misunderstood email. “In addition to language problems, there is also a lack of cultural understanding between the two countries,” says Charles Tang, president of the Brazil-China Chamber of Commerce.
One big issue is timing. For successful deals with the Chinese, it is important to be on time for meetings and to meet deadlines. Another issue is planning. In Brazil, because of high inflation during the 1980s and early 1990s and many failed plans, long-term planning was not a priority. Today, many companies still prefer to plan as they go along and fix problems when they happen. The Chinese are completely different. They like to plan everything in advance and in detail.
Sobre o texto, analise as seguintes informações:
I - A China e, não os Estados Unidos é o maior parceiro comercial do Brasil.
II - Os brasileiros não procuram compreender melhor os chineses para melhorar suas negociações comerciais.
II - Na Chinbra, os alunos passam a maior parte das lições aprendendo mandarim.
IV - Charles Tang acha que o principal motivo das negociações entre brasileiros e chineses darem errado é devido a problemas de comunicação.
V - Para os chineses, ser pontual é muito importante.
VI - Os brasileiros não dão muita importância ao planejamento.
É correto apenas o que se afirma em:
Questão 1 284705UCS 2018
Alice Paul: Champion of the Woman Suffrage
Lisa Kathleen Graddy
Alice Paul came to Washington in 1913 determined to change the established landscape of the suffrage
movement that concentrated on winning the vote one state at a time. In just a few weeks she put together a
pageant and a parade that marched down Pennsylvania Avenue, demanding a Constitutional amendment
giving women in the United States the right to vote. The parade took place on March 3, the day before
 Woodrow Wilson took office, effectively putting the incoming president on notice that a new generation
of woman suffragists was literally moving forward. The day was marked by violence from hostile crowds,
prompting a Congressional investigation into the D.C. police’s protection of the marchers, but the event
and its aftermath made headlines. And headlines, bringing public attention, public debate, and possibly
public support and pressure, were exactly what Alice Paul wanted. For seven years she kept the demand
 for woman suffrage in the public and presidential eyes in demonstrations that eventually came to the point
of picketing the White House and burning President Wilson’s speeches. When her tactics became too
“radical” for the National American Woman Suffrage Association, she formed the National Woman’s Party
and continued on.
Paul’s life had prepared her for this work. Born in 1885, her Quaker family taught her that men and
 women were equals. She earned advanced degrees in sociology but was frustrated by the slow progress
of social work. To remedy the problems of poverty, health, and education required changing laws – and
changing laws required the votes of women. Paul worked for woman suffrage while in college but it was
during her graduate studies in England that she became exposed to the confrontational tactics of the
English “suffragettes.” When she returned to the United States she was ready to adapt their tactics for an
 American audience.
The most dramatic episode of Paul’s suffrage battle took place in January 1917, when, discouraged
by President Wilson’s continued opposition to the suffrage amendment, Paul posted pickets at the White
House gates – the first people to ever picket the White House. These “silent sentinels” stayed on duty in
all weather and in the face of threats, insults, and physical violence. Using their banners and their quiet
 courage they asked, “Mr. President How Long Must Women Wait for their Liberty?” and “Mr. President What
Will you do for Woman Suffrage?” Hoping to provoke a response, the language on the banners became
more inflammatory. They used the president’s own words against him and pointed out the hypocrisy of
his leading the country into the first world war to defend freedom while denying it to the women of his own
 Crowds who believed the pickets’ activities were disloyal in a time of war attacked the suffragists and
destroyed their banners. In July the police began arresting the pickets for “obstruction of traffic.” When
they refused to pay fines, they were imprisoned. When they went on hunger strikes to demand the rights of
political prisoners they were forcibly fed – a painful and invasive procedure. The pickets continued despite
the risk. Although Alice knew what lay ahead and that she, as the organizer of the picketing, would receive
 a harsher sentence, she insisted on taking her place on the picket line. She was arrested in October.
While in jail she was forcibly fed and threatened with confinement to an insane asylum. Reports of the
long sentences, abuse, and the courage of the suffragists became public and all prisoners were released
in November. Physically weakened due to the time they had spent in jail, but determined to be victorious,
Paul and her sister suffragists fought on.
 The 19th amendment giving women the right to vote was ratified on August 18, 1920. Women had
won the vote but they still hadn’t achieved equal rights, so Paul and the National Woman’s Party took up
the fight to achieve them. Believing that the more she understood about law the more useful she would
be, Paul went back to school and earned three law degrees. In 1923 she drafted the text of the Equal
Rights Amendment and worked for women’s equality in national and international forums for the rest of
 her career. Nonetheless, it was only in 1972 that Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment and sent
it to the states for ratification.
Alice suffered a stroke in 1974 and died on July 9, 1977, at the age of 92. She would never know that
the amendment for which she had fought so long and hard would not be ratified. Alice Paul dedicated her
life to championing women and their rights. Remember her the next time you vote.
Disponível em: <http://americanhistory.si.edu/blog/2012/05/alice-paul-champion-of-woman-suffrage.html>. Acesso em: 7 ago. 17. (Adaptado.)
De acordo com o primeiro parágrafo, é correto afirmar que Alice Paul
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