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Questão 56 161012PUC - PR 2018
After analysing the surprising symptoms, we can state that acid reflux affects mostly
10+ Surprising Acid Reflux Symptoms That Aren't Heartburn
While the most common signs include chest pain, nausea and regurgitation, acid reflux often disguises itself in not-so-obvious ways. Dr. Koufman states. These include:
- Shortness of breath
- Vocal fatigue
- Chronic throat clearing
- Excessive throat mucus
- Postnasal drip
- Difficulty swallowing
- Nasal congestion
- Noisy breathing
- Choking episodes
Questão 58 161015PUC - PR 2018
Read the text below. Hillary Clinton is certainly the incarnation of the dreams of many American women of her generation. She has got "everything": a family, a fine career, and a husband who not only supports her and approves of what she does, but also allows her to use her talents to the full. […] It was while she was still at high school that Hillary began to take an interest in social issues, working in the poorer districts of town among immigrant families, and helping them to participate in elections. […] It was at Yale Law School that Hillary first met Bill Clinton, a good looking young man who, in spite of his reputation as a dilettante, was actually one of the brightest students in his year. The legend says that Bill finally "noticed" Hillary because she spoke so well. At the time, Hillary was actively involved in the Women's Liberation movement, and seemed to be much more interested in her career than in marriage. When, several years later, she was asked how it was that, after a long complicated relationship, she finally ended up marrying Bill Clinton, she answered: "Because he was the only guy I dated who wasn't afraid of me!" Meanwhile, while Bill had gone back to his native Arkansas, intending to follow a career in politics, Hillary became a brilliant lawyer in Washington, where she took part in the famous Watergate hearings. Though several major firms of lawyers asked her to join them, she decided in 1973 to leave Washington and join Bill in Arkansas. They got married in 1975, and Hillary joined a firm of lawyers in Little Rock (the capital of Arkansas). In 1979, at the age of 32, Bill Clinton was elected Governor of Arkansas, becoming the youngest state Governor in the U.S.A. A year later, Hillary gave birth to their daughter Chelsea, named after a favorite hit song of the 1960's. During Bill's twelve years in office as Governor of Arkansas, Hillary helped him to radically reform the state's public school system, and establish a school medical welfare system that had no equivalent anywhere else in the United States. […]
Adapted from: <http://linguapress.com/advanced/hillary-clinton.htm. Access on: June 2017.
According to the text choose the correct option
I- According to many American women, Hillary was the epitome of what they would like to be.
II- Hillary was interested in social issues, helping out people less privileged.
III- Hillary and Bill Clinton reformed the state’s public school in Arkansas into the best one in the United States.
Questão 60 161017PUC - PR 2018
Read the text and mark True (T) or False (F).
Drones were 16 minutes faster than the emergency services, increasing the chance of survival for people who suffer cardiac arrest, study shows
The 5.7kg (12.5lb) drone was developed by the Swedish Transportation Agency to carry a 763g (1.6lb) automated external defibrillator (AED). The eight-rotor unmanned aerial drone, with a maximum cruising speed of 75km/h (47mph), was housed at a fire station north of Stockholm. Over a 72-hour period in October last year, it was dispatched 18 times by two licensed pilots using GPS coordinates to out-of-sight locations where cardiac arrests within a 10km radius from the fire station had occurred between 2006 and 2014. The results, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (Jama) on Tuesday, found that the median time from call to dispatch of the emergency services was 3min 0sec compared with 3sec for the drone. The median time from dispatch to arrival of the drone was 5min 21sec, compared with 22min 0sec for the emergency services. The drone arrived more quickly than the emergency services in all cases with a median reduction in response time of 16min 39 secs over a median flight distance of about two miles.
I- There was a small number of flights.
II- The distance is not a factor which could alter the results of the study.
III- The weather conditions could influence the performance of the drones.
IV- Changes in trafffic patterns could cause different results.
V- The values mentioned are too high, so it is difficult to implement it.
Questão 55 168689PUC - PR 2018
Revealed: scale of hospital staff shortages1 in top Tory areas
The maternity unit at the main hospital used by Theresa May’s local constituents is so severely understaffed2 that wards are running with only a quarter3 of the nurses they need, potentially putting mothers’ and babies’ lives at risk.
The Royal Berkshire hospital’s staffing data shows that on some days in March its delivery suite lacked4 two-thirds of the nurses it needed to provide5 safe care, while the midwife-led unit had as few as a third of the preferred number nurses on duty, despite evidence that staff shortages increase the risks of childbirth.
Questão 64 145686UECE 2017/2
If all of the children who currently are sedentary started exercising every day, societies could save enormous amounts of money in the coming decades and have healthier citizens as a whole, according to a remarkable new study. In the United States alone, we could expect to save more than $120 billion every year in health care and associated expenses. The study is the first to usesophisticated computer simulations to arrive at a literal and sobering societal price tag for allowing our children to be sedentary. Inactivity is, of course, widespread among young people today. Recent research shows that in the
United States and Europe, physical activity tends to peak at about age 7 for both boys and girls and tail off continually throughout adolescence. More than two-thirds of children in theUnited States rarely exercise at all. The immediate health consequences for inactive children and their families are worrisome. Childhood obesity, which is linked to lack of exercise, is common, as is the incidence of Type 2 diabetes and other health problems related to being overweight among children as young as 6. But the long-term financial costs ofinactivity in the young, both for them and society as a whole, have never been quantified. So for the new study, which was published this week in Health Affairs, researchers with the Global Obesity Prevention Center at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and other institutions decided to create a bogglingly complex computer model of what the future could look like if we do or do not get more of our children moving.
The researchers began by gathering as much public data as is currently available about the health, weight and physical activity patterns of all 31.7 million American children now aged 8 to 11, using large-scale databases from the Census Bureau, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other groups. The researchers fed this information into a computerized modeling program that created an electronic avatar for every American child today. In line with reality, two-thirds of these children were programmed to rarely exercise and many were overweight or obese.The scientists then had the simulated children grow up. Using estimations about how calorie intake and activity patterns affect body weight, the program changed each virtual child’s body day-by-day and year-by-year into adulthood. Most became increasingly overweight. As the simulated children became adults,the scientists then modeled each one’s health, based on obesity-associated risks for heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer, and also the probable financial price of dealing with those diseases (adjusted for future inflation), both in terms of direct expenses for hospitalizations, drugs and so on, and lost productivity because of someone’s being ill.
The results were staggering. According to the computer model, the costs of today’s 8- to 11- year-olds being inactive and consequently overweight would be almost $3 trillion in medical expenses and lost productivity every year once the children reached adulthood and for decades until
But when the researchers tweaked children’s activity levels within their model, thenumbers began to look quite different. If they presumed that, in an imaginary America, half of all children exercised vigorously for about 25 minutes three times a week, such as during active recess or sports or, more ambitiously, ran around and moved for at least an hour every day, which is the amount of youth exercise recommended by the C.D.C., their virtual lives were transformed. Most obviously, the incidence of childhood obesity fell by more than 4 percent, a change that resonated throughout the simulated children’s lives and society. There were about half a million fewer cases of adult-onset heart disease, diabetes, cancer and strokes in this simulation, and the society-wide costs associated with these illnesses dropped by about $32 billion every year if the children romped about for 25 minutes three times per week and by almost $37 billion if they moved for an hour every day.
The impacts were even more substantial when the researchers assumed that 100 percent of the children who are now sedentary got regular exercise. In this scenario, the annual total costs during adulthood from obesity-associated medical expenses and lost productivity plummeted by about $62 billion when children were active three times a week and by more than $120 billion every year when all of the virtual children played and moved for at least an hour each day.
From: https://www.nytimes.com May 3, 2017
According to the text, the lack of exercise in childhood years is associated with very early health problems such as
Questão 11 149124EBMSP Medicina 2017/2
Video game Flower
In Flower, you play a series of petals on the
wind, ducking around rocks, fields and wind turbines
in dream-like landscapes designed specifically to
soothe players into a positive emotional experience.
Though Flower wasn't designed with mental
health in mind, its attention to peace and mindfulness
has been therapeutic for a number of players. Louie
Castro-Garcia, who used a series of video games to
battle his own depression, said: “I remember reading
an article online about someone having a friend whose
mother had recently passed away due to cancer. The
person in the article invited his friend over to play
video games, to help her get her mind off things. When
she arrived, the person suggested they play 'Flower'.
The article explained how this person and his friend
sat silently, just enjoying the beauty and simplicity of
the game, occasionally looking over at each other and
smiling, and when the friend left, they looked like a
weight had been lifted from them.”
Flower is part of the silent-wanderer genre of
games like breakout hits Journey and the House of
Cards-approved Monument Valley. Their aesthetics and
tone offer an escapist respite from a video game
landscape that's often frantic and exhilarating.
Disponível em: <https://mic.com/articles>. Acesso em: mar. 2017. Adaptado.
It’s stated in the text that the video game Flower