Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 1 6829182UFMS 2021
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
RUBIÃO found a rival in the heart of Quincas Borba, - a dog, a beautiful dog, half size, lead-colored fur, spotted black. Quincas Borba took it everywhere they slept in the same room. In the morning, it was the dog that woke him up, in bed, where they exchanged their first greetings. One of the owner's extravagances was giving it his own name; but, he explained it for two reasons, one doctrinal, another particular (...).
- You should laugh, my dear. Because immortality is my lot or my dowry, or as best name there is. I will live perpetually in my book. Those who, however, do not can read, charlatan Quincas Borba to the dog, and ...
The dog, hearing the name, ran to the bed. Quincas Borba, touched, looked at Quincas Borba.
- My poor friend! my good friend! my only friend!
- Excuse me, you are too, I know, and I thank you very much; but to a sick person everything is forgiven. Perhaps my delusion is beginning. Let me see the mirror.
Trecho traduzido a partir de: http://www.dominiopublico.gov.br/download/texto/b v000243.pdf. Acesso em: 15 dez. 2020.
Os vocábulos grifados no primeiro parágrafo referem-se a:
Questão 3 7523563UFMS PASSE - 1ª Etapa 2021-2023
Leia o Texto para responder à questão.
Cindy is a very clever girl. She is twelve years old and she has got an older brother and a baby sister. She goes to school in the morning and she helps her father in his office in the afternoon. In the evening, she studies the flute with a private teacher. She loves classical music; she listens to music all day long and, on Friday night, she plays the flute in a gospel band. Her brother doesn’t like to listen to music, but he loves playing video games. He plays video games all night long. He doesn’t help his family at home neither in his father’s office. But, he studies Computer Science at a very good university and he wants to be a video game designer. His father always tells him that it is necessary to study a lot achieve his goals.
Assinale a alternativa que responda corretamente às seguintes perguntas:
1 - When does Cindy help her father at his office?
2 - Does Cindy play the flute?
3 - How is Cindy?
4 - What does Cindy’s brother do?
5 - How old is Cindy?
Questão 17 2642474UNIMONTES 1° Etapa 2019
INSTRUÇÃO: Leia o texto que segue para responder à questão proposta.
THE STORY OF ELLIS ISLAND
Mass migrations have marked the history of the human race ever since people began to dream of a better life
Migration is in the news these days, as Donald Trump tries to set up new physical and administrative barriers
against people wanting to enter the USA – mostly from Central America, Asia and Africa. But a century ago, the USA
welcomed immigrants, most of them people from Europe who were migrating in mass, looking for a better life in the
USA. Ellis Island, the small island in New York Harbor was, for millions of would-be immigrants, their first experience
 of the promised land.
The year is 1906, the date November 16th. Franz and Ulrike Schumacher and their three children have just
disembarked from the Hamburg-Amerika line steamship that has carried them across the stormy North Atlantic
Ocean from Germany.
Like the thousands of other people milling around them, they are totally bewildered, caught up in a mixture of
 hope and apprehension, as they crowd into a vast waiting room. The room sounds like the Tower of Babel, for few of
those in it speak a word of English. They speak German, Polish, Dutch, Hungarian, or Russian maybe, yet they have
come, seeking a new life in a new world; and now they are on American soil for the first time. This is America!
America! Or at least it is Ellis Island.
After interminable hours of waiting, the Schumacher family are finally called to a desk; immigration officials
 study their papers, and ask them where they intend to go. They don't ask how long they're planning to stay, however,
since they know the answer already. All those who pass through Ellis Island – and that could mean over 11,000
people per day – are would-be immigrants. They are looking to start a new life in a new world.
For many, passing through Ellis Island was not so much a matter of stepping into a new world, it was stepping
into a new life, a new character. And so it was that the man who finally led his family through the door and onto the
 ferry packed with a jostling crowd of new Americans was not Franz Schumacher any more, but Frank Shoemaker,
even if he still didn't understand more than a couple of words of English.
Disponível em: https://linguapress.com/advanced/ellis-island.htm. Acesso em: 7 out. 2019. Adaptado.
O pronome “them” (Linha 7), refere-se a(à):
Questão 24 1768034EN 2° Dia 2018
Based on the text below, answer question that follow it.
Doctor works to save youth from violence before they reach his ER
As an emergency physician at Kings County Hospital Center [in Brooklyn], Dr. Rob Gore has faced many traumatic situations that he'd rather forget. But some moments stick with him. "Probably the worst thing that I've ever had to do is tell a 15-year-old's mother that her son was killed," Gore said. "If I can't keep somebody alive, I've failed.” [...]
"Conflicts not avoidable. But violent conflict is," Gore said. "Seeing a lot of the traumas that take place at work, or in the neighborhood, you realize, ' don't want this to happen anymore. What do we do about it?"
For Gore, one answer is the “Kings Against Violence Initiative” - known as KAVI - which he started in 2009. Today, the nonprofit has anti-violence programs in the hospital, schools and broader community, serving more than 250 young people.
Victims of violence are more likely to be reinjured, so the first place Gore wanted to work was in the hospital, with an intervention program in which "hospital responders” assist victims of violence and their family - a model pioneered at other hospitals. The idea is that reaching out right after someone has been injured reduces the likelihood of violent retaliation and provides a chance for the victim to address some of the circumstances that may have led to their injury.
Gore started this program at his hospital with a handful of volunteers from KAVI. Today, the effort is a partnership between KAVI and a few other nonprofits, with teams on call 24/7.
Yet Gore wanted to prevent people from being violentty injured in the first place. So, in 2011, he and his group began working with a handful of at-risk students at a nearby high school. By the end of the year, more than 50 students were involved. Today, KAVI holds weekly workshops for male and female students in three schools, teaching mediation and conflict resolution. The group also provides free mental health counseling for students who need one-on-one support.
"Violence is everywhere they. turn - home, school, neighborhood, police," Gore said. "You want to make sure they can learn how to process, deal with it and overcome It,
While Gore still regularly attends workshops, most are now led by peer facilitators - recent graduates and college students, some of whom are former KAVI members - who serve as mentors to the students. School administrators say the program has been a success: lowering violence, raising grades and sending many graduates on to college.
"This is really about the community in which we live” he said. “This is my home. And I'm going to do whatever is possible to make sure people can actually thrive."
(Adapted and abridged from http :/Anww.cnn.com)
What does the pronoun “it refer to in the excerpt “Violence is everywhere they turn - home, school, neighborhood, police," Gore said. “You want to make sure they can learn how to process, deal with it [...]” (7th paragraph)?
Questão 58 2415948UNINOVE 2018
Leia o texto para responder à questão..
Facebook: where do you belong?
A team of communication professors from the Brigham Young University, USA, revealed that people using the social media platform Facebook can be classified into categories, depending on their posts and use of additional Facebook features. Their findings basically answer why an average of 1.28 billion users check on their Facebook accounts every day, with majority of them spending about 35 minutes daily on the platform. “What is it about this social-media platform that has taken over the world?” asked lead author Tom Robinson. “Why are people so willing to put their lives on display? Nobody has ever really asked the question, ‘Why do you like this?’”
To identify different kinds of Facebook user, the researchers compiled a list of 48 statements that identify potential reasons why people use Facebook. They then recruited study subjects and asked them to reflect their personal connection to the statements, rating each on a scale from “most like me” to “least like me”. The researchers also interviewed each subject. Based on the responses, the researchers identified four categories of Facebook users: relationship builders, town criers, selfies and window shoppers.
Relationship builders and selfies tend to post pictures, videos and text updates on their Facebook. While relationship builders post and use additional Facebook features primarily to further strengthen the relationships they have beyond the virtual world, selfies are more focused on getting more attention, likes and comments.
On the other hand, town criers and window shoppers both feel a sense of social obligation to be on Facebook and are mostly indifferent about posting stories or other information about themselves. Town criers tend to share news stories and post events; window shoppers were more likely to be onlookers that prefer watching what other people do.
The researchers noted that Facebook users may see themselves in more than one of the categories. For example, most people have the tendency to be selfies. However, users can identify more with one category than the others.
(John Raphael. www.natureworldnews.com, 31.07.2017. Adaptado.)
No excerto do primeiro parágrafo “with majority of them”, o termo sublinhado refere-se a
Questão 47 284315IFMT 2018
TILLERSON CONDEMNS RACISM, CALLS FOR NATIONAL RECONCILIATION
U.S. Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, issued a forceful condemnation of
"bigotry in all its forms" on Friday and called for national reconciliation as he
promised to work toward making the government with greater minority
 Tillerson invoked the 1865 second inaugural address by Abraham Lincoln, the
president who freed the slaves and presided over the Civil War against
rebellious pro-slavery Confederate Southern States.
As the war drew to a close, Lincoln asked the nation to bind up its wounds
from the conflict, Tillerson noted.
 "We, too, today should seek to bind up the wounds," Tillerson said. "We must
pursue reconciliation, understanding and respect regardless of skin color,
ethnicity or religious or political views."
He added: "Racism is evil; it is antithetical to America's values. It's antithetical
to the American idea."
 Tillerson said one of America's defining characteristics "is the promise of the
opportunity for advancement regardless of your skin color, how much money
your parents make or where you came from."
He announced a new State Department policy in which at least one candidate
for any opening for an ambassador post must be a minority, noting that
 currently only about 12 percent of U.S. senior foreign service officers are
"The State Department must redouble our efforts to increase diversity at the
highest ranks of the department, including at the ambassador level," Tillerson
 Statistics published by the State Department show that as of the end of June,
88 percent of senior foreign service officers - the high-ranking diplomats
from which the country's ambassadors are drawn - are white and 4 percent
are black. One-third of senior foreign service officers are women, and 7
percent of the agency's civil service members are Hispanic.
 To remedy the lack of diversity, Tillerson said he had told committees that
nominate ambassadorial candidates at least one candidate for each opening
must be a member of a minority group.
(Source: Adapted from: The New Work Times. Available at: <https://www.nytimes.com/reuters>. Accessed on: August 30, 2017)
No trecho: “He added: Racism is evil; it is antithetical to America's values” (linha 13), “it” refere-se: