Questão 28 4396294UNESP Cursos das Áreas de Exatas e Humanidades 2021
Analise o mapa para responder à questão
In the excerpt “Deforestation often follows a fishbone pattern”, the underlined word expresses
Questão 30 1709490EN 1° Dia 2019
Which word best completes the question below?
How do YOU look at your phone?
The average user now picks up their device more than 1,500 times a week.
Questão 26 403556EEAR 2017/1
In the sentence “I hardly ever watch TV at night.”, the expression in bold type is an adverb of
Questão 45 148158EPCAR 2015
Directions: Answer question according to TEXT.
DANCING EFFECTS ON THE HUMAN BODY
These days, people love to watch other people
dance. Competitive dance shows, like “So you think you
can dance” and “Dancing with the stars”, are dominating
the world of reality television. So, if you get off the sofa
 and dance, you can keep your body and mind healthy.
Studies show that dancing can improve your heart
health, helps you lose weight and stay flexible, reduces
stress and can also help you get old in a pleasant way.
Dancing, as an aerobic exercise, can reduce the
 risk of heart problems and high blood pressure. You can
learn ballroom dancing, participate in a dance-fitness
class or dance with a video in your house. There are
many ways to enjoy dancing and get a good aerobic
exercise at the same time.
 Dance training helps you to lose weight. The
number of calories burned per hour depends on the type
of dance and the weight of the dancer. Observe the chart
Another good effect is that dancing works on the
part of the brain that controls memory – hippocampus.
So, what are you waiting for? Let's dance!
(Adapted from www.everydayhealth.com and www.livestrong.com)
health - “saúde”
ballroom dancing - “dança de salão”
to lose weight - “perder peso”
to improve - “melhorar”
calories burned – “calorias queimadas”
The opposite of never (line 9) is
Questão 16 5321893EPCAR 2021
Directions: Answer question according to the text.
Many parents are concerned with their child’s
seemingly obsessive video game play. Fortnite, the
most recent gaming phenomenon, has taken the world
by storm and has parents asking if the shooter game is
 okay for kids. The short answer is yes, Fortnite is
generally fine. Furthermore, parents can breathe easier
knowing that research suggests gaming (on its own)
does not cause disorders like addiction.
However, there’s more to the story. A
 comprehensive answer to the question of whether video
games are prejudicial must take into account other
factors, and parents need to understand why kids play,
as well as when to worry and when to relax.
The word “addiction” gets tossed around quite
 a bit these days, but if it isn’t causing serious harm and
disorder to daily function, it isn’t an addiction. Parents
may worry that their kids are addicted, but if the children
can pull themselves away from a game to join the family
for a conversation over dinner and shows interest in
 other activities, like sports or socializing with friends,
then they are not addicted.
Generally, parents panic when their kid’s video
game playing comes at the expense of doing other
things, like studying or helping around the house. But
 let’s be honest, kids have been avoiding these activities
for ages. Equally true is the fact that parents have been
complaining about their unhelpful children well before the
first video game was plugged into its socket.
In fact, moderate video game play has been
 shown to be beneficial. A study conducted at Oxford by
Dr. Andrew Przybylski revealed that playing about one
hour per day improved psychological well-being, while
when taken to an extreme, playing over three hours per
day, was correlated with less well-being.
 The real question should be what is it about
the special attraction of gaming that makes it the
preferred pastime of so many millions of kids? What
makes it so difficult for even non-addicted kids to step
away from video games sometimes? The answer has to
 do with the way games address basic psychological
Fortnite, like any well-designed video game,
satisfies what we are all looking for. According to Drs.
Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, people need three
 things to flourish. We look for competence — the need
for mastery, progression, achievement, and growth. We
seek autonomy — the need for volition and freedom of
control over our choice. And finally, we look for
relatedness — the need to feel like we matter to others,
 and that others matter to us. Unfortunately, when
considering the state of modern childhood, many kids
aren’t getting enough of these three essential elements.
School, where kids spend most of their waking
hours, is in many ways the antithesis of a place where
 kids feel competence, autonomy, and relatedness.
There, kids are told what to do, where to be, what to
think, what to wear, and what to eat. While some argue
that discipline and control provide structure, it’s clear
why teachers and students might struggle with
 motivation in the classroom.
Gamers feel competence when they practice
strengths to reach their goals. In a game, players have
the autonomy to call the shots, do what they want, and
experiment with creative strategies to solve problems.
 Games are also social outlets where players can feel
relatedness. In Fortnite, for example, players often
meet in the virtual environment to chat and socialize,
because doing so in the real world is often inconvenient
or off limits.
 Of course, none of this is to say video games
are a good substitution — quite the opposite. No game
can give a child the feeling of competence that comes
from accomplishing a difficult task or learning a new
skill on their own accord. Fortnite can’t compete with
 the exhilaration that comes from the autonomy of
exploring reality, where a child is free to ask questions
and unlock mysteries in the real world. No social media
site can give a kid the sense of relatedness, safety, and
warmth that comes from an adult who loves that child
 unconditionally just the way they are, no matter what,
and takes the time to tell them so.
Some kids suffer from gaming disorders, but
such dependencies are often combined with preexisting
conditions, including problems with impulse control. For
 most children, however, parents understanding the
deeper truth behind what kids are getting out of games
empowers them to take steps to give their children
more of what they need. Video games are this
generation’s outlet, and some kids use them as a tool to
 escape the same way some of us use our own flavor of
dissociative devices to tune out reality for a while.
(Adapted from https://www.psychologytoday.com. Access on March 25th, 2021)
1. to toss around – to discuss possibilities or new ideas
2. to step away – to not become involved with something
3. to flourish – to grow or develop successfully
4. volition – the power to make your own decision
5. exhilaration – excitement and happiness
6. to call the shots – to be in position to decide
7. outlet – a way in which emotions, energy or abilities can be expressed or made use of
8. to tune out – to stop paying attention to something or someone
Mark the sentence in which the underlined expression does NOT express frequency.
Questão 2 5606988UEMS 2021
Read Text to answer question
The Brazilian culture is one of the world’s most varied and diverse. This is due to its being a melting pot of nationalities, (I) __________ a result of centuries of European domination (II) _________ slavery, which brought hordes of African migrants across Brazil’s borders to live in and influence the local cultures with their ancient customs and ideas. The European settlers also brought ideas, innovations (III) ______ belief systems with them, shaping the local societies significantly. All of these different influences have meant that the modern-day Brazilian culture is unique and very complex.
At present, Brazil has a population of about 190 million people. Of these, more than half are white (IV)__________ includes Portuguese, Italian, Polish etc... individuals), just fewer than 40% are mixed black and white and less than 10% are black.
Approximately 80% of the population ascribes to the Roman Catholic faith. This is due to the intense Portuguese occupation of centuries ago. These European settlers taught the indigenous tribes Catholicism, built churches and established traditions and customs that originated in this church.
Also due to the mass Portuguese settlements during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, this language is the official language of Brazil. There are small numbers of indigenous people and immigrants who still speak their own tongues, but these are certainly among the vast minority.
Brazilians, as a nation, focus much importance on the family structure and the values that are entrenched within that institution. Families are usually large, and even extended family members are close with one another, providing much-needed help and support to each other (V) ___________ and (VI) ______________ necessary.
Adapted Text - Available at: https://www.brazil.org.za/brazil-culture.html#:~:text= The%20Brazilian%20culture%20is%20one%20of%20the%20 world's%20most%20varied%20and%20diverse.&text=At%20 present%2C%20Brazil%20has%20a,less%20than%2010%25 %20are%20black.. Access on: 08 jan. 2021.
Complete as lacunas numeradas no texto com as conjunções corretas.