Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 11 6131536UEA - SIS 3° Etapa 2021
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The ways homelessness affects people is considerable. Homelessness contributes to challenges regaining stability and getting to work and school, and can have a lifelong impact.
When you become homeless, you lose so much. You no longer have a place to sleep, store food, cook, and eat. There is nowhere to keep your clothes, or go to the bathroom and take a bath or shower. You may need to leave your neighbors and neighborhood and may have a harder time getting to school or work. Homelessness leads to increased feelings of uncertainty, vulnerability, and isolation.
Homeless people experience great physical and mental stress. This can result in health challenges while homeless and exacerbate pre-existing conditions and disabilities. Being homeless can lead to increased chances of having chronic pain; skin, foot, and dental problems; diseases and illnesses such as tuberculosis, hypertension, asthma, and diabetes.
Many homeless people do not have access to medicine or regular physical or mental health care treatment. They tend to be hospitalized more often than people with homes. Homeless people are more likely to die prematurely as a result of injuries, unintentional overdoses, and extreme weather.
No trecho do último parágrafo “Homeless people are more likely to die prematurely”, o termo sublinhado indica que, para pessoas em situação de rua, a morte prematura é
Questão 16 4062107UNIVAG 2020
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No trecho do segundo quadrinho “madly in love”, o termo sublinhado pode ser substituído, sem alteração de sentido, por:
Questão 35 6312216UNIFIMES 2020
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Smoking damages eyes as well as lungs
Millions of people in the UK are putting their sight at risk by continuing to smoke, warn specialists. Despite the clear connection, only one in five people recognise that smoking can lead to blindness, a poll for the Association of Optometrists (AOP) finds. Smokers are twice as likely to lose their sight compared with non-smokers.
That is because tobacco smoke can cause and worsen a number of eye conditions. Cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals that can irritate and harm the eyes. For example, heavy metals, such as lead and copper, can collect in the lens - the transparent bit that sits behind the pupil and brings rays of light into focus - and lead to cataracts, where the lens becomes cloudy.
Smoking can make diabetes-related sight problems worse by damaging blood vessels at the back of the eye (the retina). In the poll of 2,006 adults, 18% correctly said that smoking increased the risk of blindness or sight loss, while three-quarters (76%) knew smoking was linked to cancer. The AOP says stopping or avoiding smoking is one of the best steps you can take to protect your vision, along with having regular sight checks.
(www.bbc.com, 02.07.2019. Adaptado.)
In the excerpt from the third paragraph “one of the best steps you can take”, the underlined word expresses
Questão 36 3640122EEAR 2019/2
Read the text to answer the question.
The cost of a cigarette
A businesswoman’s desperate need for a cigarette on an 8-hour flight from American Airlines ________ in her being arrested and handcuffed, after she was found lighting up in the toilet of a Boeing 747, not once but twice. She ___________ because she _______ violent when the plane landed in England, where the police subsequently arrested and handcuffed her. Joan Norrish, aged 33, yesterday ________ the first person to be prosecuted under new laws for smoking on board a plane, when she was fined £440 at Uxbridge magistrates’ court.
Adapted from Innovations , by Hugh Dellar and Darryl Hocking.
The words “violent” and “subsequently”, underlined in the text, are:
Questão 45 6521649FASM 2019
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Is owning a dog good for your health?
Dogs really are our best friends, according to a Swedish study that says canine ownership could reduce heart disease. A study of 3.4 million people between the ages of 40 and 80 found that having a dog was associated with a 23% reduction in death from heart disease and a 20% lower risk of dying from any cause over the 12 years of the study.
Previous studies have suggested dogs relieve social isolation and depression – both linked to an increased risk of heart disease and early death. Dog owners show better responses to stress, their blood pressure and pulse rates don’t soar, have higher levels of physical activity and slightly lower cholesterol levels. The American Heart Association was sufficiently swayed by a review of dozens of studies to release a statement in 2013 saying that owning a dog “was probably” associated with a reduced risk of heart disease. Their reluctance to more strongly endorse dog ownership is because most studies are what is called observational – researchers note an association, but can’t prove causation. This means that other factors might explain why dog owners are healthier than, say, goldfish owners – for example, perhaps only people who are fit in the first place buy pets that need daily walks.
Tove Fall, an epidemiologist and the lead author of this latest study, says they tried their best to allow for any differences in education, existing ill-health and lifestyles between those with and without dogs. The study found the biggest positive impact of having a dog was on people living alone. “It seems that a dog can be a substitute for living with other people in terms of reducing the risk of dying,” says Fall. “Dogs encourage you to walk, they provide social support and they make life more meaningful. If you have a dog, you interact more with other people. If you do get ill and go into hospital and you have a dog, there’s a huge motivation to try to get back home.” Of course, getting a dog and watching it from your sofa while you eat fatty food is not going to reduce your risk of heart disease.
(Luisa Dillner. www.theguardian.com, 04.12.2017. Adaptado.)
In the excerpt from the second paragraph “other factors might explain”, the underlined word expresses
Questão 9 288984UCS 2016
Are You An Indian?
How often have you heard or said “I’m part Indian”? If you have, then
some Native American elders have something to teach you. A very touching
example was told by a physician from Oregon who discovered as an adult
that he was Indian. This is his story. Listen well to the story he tells:
 Some twenty or more years ago while serving the Mono and Chukchanse
and Chownumnee communities in the Sierra Nevada, I was asked to make
a house call on a Mono elder. She was 81 years old and had contracted
pneumonia after falling on frozen snow while picking up some firewood.
I was surprised that she had asked me to come since she had always
 avoided anything to do with the services provided through the local agencies.
However, it seemed that she had decided I might be alright because I had
helped her grandson through some difficult times earlier and had been
studying Mono language with the 2nd graders at North Fork School.
She greeted me from inside her house, directing me into her bedroom
 with the sound of her voice. She was not willing to go to the hospital like her
family had pleaded, but was determined to stay in her own place and wanted
me to help her using herbs that she knew and trusted but felt too weak to
prepare by herself. I had learned to use about a dozen native medicinal plants
by that time, but was inexperienced in using herbs in a life or death situation.
 She eased my fears with her kind eyes and gentle voice. I stayed with her for
the next two days, treating her with herbal medicine (and some vitamin C that
she agreed to accept).
She made it through and we became friends. One evening several years
later, she asked me if I knew my elders. I told her that I was half Canadian and
 half Appalachian from Kentucky. I told her that my Appalachian grandfather
was raised by his Cherokee mother but nobody had ever talked much about
that and I didn’t want anyone to think that I was pretending to be an Indian. I
was uncomfortable saying I was part Indian and never brought it up in normal
 “What! You’re part Indian?” she said. “I wonder, would you point the part
of yourself that’s Indian. Show me what part you mean.”
I felt quite foolish and troubled by what she said, so I stammered out
something to the effect that I didn’t understand what she meant. Thankfully
the conversation stopped at that point. I finished bringing in several days
worth of firewood for her, finished the yerba santa tea she had made for me
and went home still thinking about her words.
Some weeks later we met in the grocery store in town and she looked
down at one of my feet and said, “I wonder if that foot is an Indian foot. Or
maybe it’s your left ear. Have you figured it out yet? “I laughed out loud,
blushing and stammering like a little kid. When I got outside after shopping,
she was standing beside my pick-up, smiling and laughing. “You know, she
said, “you either are or you aren’t. No such thing as part Indian. It’s how your
heart lives in the world, how you carry yourself. I knew before I asked you.
Nobody told me. Now don’t let me hear you say you are part Indian anymore.”
 She died last year, but I would like her to know that I’ve heeded her
words. And I’ve come to think that what she did for me was a teaching that
the old ones tell people like me, because others have told me that a Native
American elder also said almost the same thing to them. I know her wisdom
helped me to learn who I was that day and her words have echoed in my
 memory ever since. And because of her, I am no longer part Indian.
Disponível em:<http://www.cowboyfun.com/iam/>. Acesso em: 3 abril 16. (Adaptado.)
Através do uso do termo Thankfully na oração Thankfully the conversation stopped at that point (linhas 33 e 34), o autor manifesta um sentimento de