Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 20 1518785CESMAC Medicina 1° Dia 2020/1
Read the text below and answer the following question based on it.
Can lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial.
In a prospective, randomised, controlled trial to determine whether comprehensive lifestyle changes affect coronary atherosclerosis after 1 year, 28 patients were assigned to an experimental group (low-fat vegetarian diet, stopping smoking, stress management training, and moderate exercise) and 20 to a usual-care control group. 195 coronary artery lesions were analysed by quantitative coronary angiography. The average percentage diameter stenosis regressed from 40.0 (SD 16.9)% to 37.8 (16.5)% in the experimental group yet progressed from 42.7 (15.5)% to 46.1 (18.5)% in the control group. When only lesions greater than 50% stenosed were analysed, the average percentage diameter stenosis regressed from 61.1 (8.8)% to 55.8 (11.0)% in the experimental group and progressed from 61.7 (9.5)% to 64.4 (16.3)% in the control group. Overall, 82% of experimental-group patients had an average change towards regression. Comprehensive lifestyle changes may be able to bring about regression of even severe coronary atherosclerosis after only 1 year, without use of lipidlowering drugs.
Adaptado de: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1973470 Acessado em 27 de outubro de 2017.
In “Comprehensive lifestyle changes may be able to bring about regression…” may expresses:
Questão 26 2739105FATEC 2019/2
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
The Most Important Skill For 21st–Century Success
By Kevin H. Johnson
The world of work is changing so rapidly, as emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, and automation change job requirements. As technologies continue to evolve and business conditions shift, employees must stay in learning mode so their skills don’t lose currency.
It’s one thing to keep up with skills as they’re changing in the here and now. It’s a whole different challenge to prepare yourself for tools and technologies that may exist only in the minds of engineers, if at all.
There’s so much uncertainty and ambiguity around the future of work, it doesn’t matter your industry or job function. That’s why, when anyone asks what the next “hot” skill will be, I say it’s the same skill that will serve people today, tomorrow, and far into the future — the ability to learn.
When people embrace lifelong learning, assimilating new skills isn’t a source of fear and stress — it’s just another part of their career journey. Separating process from outcome will make you a better learner too, as you get less fixated on immediate mastery of a skill and more appreciative of how moving outside your comfort zone helps you grow as a person.
A learning mindset also makes it less likely you’ll be thrown off or immobilized when a project changes scope or a job function undergoes transformation. While others scramble to figure out where to go from here, lifelong learners maintain momentum and productivity.
https://tinyurl.com/ya42xtrr Acesso em: 15.03.2019. Adaptado. Original colorido.
O verbo may, na oração do segundo parágrafo “It’s a whole different challenge to prepare yourself for tools and technologies that may exist only in the minds of engineers, if at all”, indica
Questão 27 396827EEAR 2018/2
Read the text and answer question.
 It’s never too late to make changes to prevent diseases
that may end your flying career. And becoming healthier
doesn’t mean you have to make major changes. Here are
some tips on what you can do today to keep yourself in the
 air for years to come.
- take the stairs instead of riding the elevator;
- limit red meat;
- consume more vegetables;
- wear UV-blocking sunglasses;
 - walk more;
- try a yoga class;
- don’t smoke;
- drink a lot of water;
- find an activity that you love after retirement.
Fonte:http://goo.gl/W3uCrU Acess 30/05/2017
In the sentence “It’s never too late to make changes to prevent diseases that may end your flying career”, the modal verb “may” expresses __________.
Questão 34 141543UPE 3° Fase / 1° Dia SSA 2017
There are more than five million cubic miles of ice on Earth, and no one really knows how long it would take to melt it all. Probably more than 5,000 years, some scientists say. But if we burn all the coal, oil, and gas, adding some five trillion more tons of carbon to the atmosphere, we’ll very likely create an ice-free planet. It ___________ be a hot planet, with an average temperature of perhaps 80 degrees Fahrenheit instead of the current 58. (…)
(If All the Ice Melted. National Geographic, September, 2013. Adaptado.)
A sequência CORRETA que completa as lacunas dos textos 6, 7 e 8 está indicada na alternativa
Questão 12 990031UEA - SIS 2ª Etapa 2016
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Rare animals vital for ecosystem life support
Rare animal species are vital to maintaining tropical ecosystems and could cause a chain reaction of disastrous biodiversity loss if they go extinct, a study warns.
Animals that are considered rare – because they occupy a niche environment or there are few of them – are more likely than common animals to perform specialised and often irreplaceable roles in their environments, the study found. This is especially true for highly biodiverse environments, such as the tropics, the researchers say. “Losing rare species today may mean losing much more complex processes in the long term,” says lead author Rafael Leitão, a biologist at the National Institute of Amazonian Research in Manaus, Brazil.
The study notes that rare animals perform essential “ecosystem services” such as dispersing seeds, filtering water and controlling other animal populations and invasive species. “There is no way to know exactly how, in future, an ecosystem 11 with the loss of those rare species, but chain effects are common, meaning that the loss of some functions can lead to other losses, making the whole environment crumble,” says Leitão.
No trecho do terceiro parágrafo do texto “the loss of some functions can lead to other losses”, o termo em destaque pode ser substituído, sem alteração de sentido, por
Questão 39 134363Unit-SE Medicina - Caderno 1 2016
No need to sugarcoat it: According to new
guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO),
only 5% of a person’s total daily calories should come
from added sugar (about 26 g per day for a 2,000-calorie
diet). Their experts made the recommendation after
studying the increasing rates of obesity, tooth decay and
heart disease, all of which are linked to sugar
But is it too extreme? In the U.S., the Centers for
Disease Control estimates that a full 13% of U.S. adults’
total caloric intake came from sugar in 2010. The main
culprit isn’t even sweets — it’s processed foods. A
tablespoon of ketchup has 4 g of sugar; a frozen pizza
may contain as much as 26 g. Expecting people to
sacrifice all that “is unrealistic,” says Keri Gans, a
registered dietitian and the author of The Small Change
Diet. “We should focus on what we should be eating and
not what we shouldn’t be.”
To that end, WHO’s original 10% restriction (about
52 g of added sugar per day for a 2,000-calorie diet) may
be “more realistic” in the U.S., according to Francesco
Branca, WHO’s director for nutrition. That would be
slightly more than the amount recommended in the
controversial guidelines the American Heart Association
released in 2009, which suggested from 30 g to 45 g per
In the long run, the onus to reduce sugar
consumption may fall on the food industry. In February,
for example, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
announced it will revamp nutrition labels to highlight
added sugars (as opposed to sugar that occurs naturally,
as in fruit), making it easier for people to gauge a product’s
healthfulness. And following the attempted “soda ban” in
New York City — which aimed to outlaw sugary beverages
in sizes over 16 oz. (473 ml) — San Francisco and
Berkeley, Calif., are trying to pass a sugary-beverage
tax in an effort to curb the 180,000 deaths worldwide that
are linked to sweetened drinks.
It may not be possible to shift our diets right away,
says Dr. Donald Hensrud, a preventive medicine and
nutrition expert with the Mayo Clinic. But by taking
advantage of food-health initiatives — like the new
labels — and eating more fresh foods, “we can change
our taste preferences” for the better. This is a key factor
45 in nutrition weight loss children.
SIFFERLIN, Alexandra. Sweet Sacrifice. Time. Mar 24, 2014.
Considering language use in the text, it’s correct to say: