Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 9 5294603EFOMM 1° Dia 2020
Choose the correct alternative to complete the paragraph below.
Charter, Sail, Repeat: new ventures and old favorites in the Greek Ísles
By Zuzana Prochazka
On our first day, we sailed southwest nearly 50 miles on a nice beam reach, winding through Kolpos Idras, or the Hydra Gulf, By the end, we were running out daylight, so we pulled the miniscule harbor on Spetses Island. I read the guides twice, but the most I got was a warning about the inner harbor being only 4ft deep, which made me suck in my stomach as we crept in. The harbor turned to be a mix of private yachts, commercial boats and fishing craft, and as we were looking round I happened to notice black clouds the horizon. The wind was also now picking , so out we went again, making a U-tum back to the bay to drop anchor with the other cruisers who'd opted to skip the draft headaches. We made it just before the gale overtook us.
(Adapted from: Sail Magazine, March 2020).
Questão 48 638144UP Medicina 2019/1
O texto abaixo é um excerto da pesquisa conduzida por MacDonald-Wicks L. e Levett-Jones T. sobre os efeitos do ensino de habilidades comunicativas para alunos da área de saúde.
Research has identified the far reaching benefits of effective communication skills including enhanced patient satisfaction, patient safety, symptom resolution and improvements in functional and psychological status. Poor communication can result in omitted or misinterpretation of information resulting in declining health of the patient. ____________ the importance of effective communication in ensuring positive outcomes for both the patient and health professional, there is concern that contemporary teaching and learning approaches do not always facilitate the development of a requisite level of communication skills, both verbal and written and a difficulty for the current generation of communication skills teachers is that many have not had the experience of being taught communication skills themselves. […] ___________ measuring the effectiveness of communication skills training is difficult, there are a few common strategies used in the current literature. It has been suggested that evaluation of the competence of students’ verbal communication skills is best assessed during observations of simulated consultations with standardised patients followed by constructive feedback.
(Disponível em: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27820404>. Acesso em: 18 ago. 2018.)
Assinale a alternativa que apresenta as conjunções que preenchem as lacunas acima, na ordem em que aparecem no texto.
Questão 12 306446FCM PB 2017/2
"A new crop of potential antibiotics may soon help fighting antibiotic-resistant infections, such as this batch of methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.”
"Antibiotics have been taking it on the chin lately. Not only has resistance to the medications been growing, but also drug companies have been dropping antibiotic research programs because the drugs are difficult and expensive to make. Now, help is on the way. Researchers report today that they’ve found a way to churn out new members of one of the most widely used classes of antibiotics, called macrolides. The work could lead to new weapons against antibiotic-resistant infections, and possibly save millions of lives.
Macrolides, drugs that include erythromycin and azithromycin, were first developed in the 1950s. Since then they’ve become a safeguard against bacterial and fungal infections. Chemically, macrolides are giant rings containing 14 to 16 carbon atoms, with one or more sugar appendages dangling off the side. Bacteria synthesize them to fight off their neighbors. Yet, bacteria didn’t evolve to make macrolides good drugs in people. So, medicinal chemists — the group of researchers that actually build new drugs — start with the natural versions and tweak their bonds one at a time in an effort to make them safer and more effective. But, in most cases, it’s impossible to confine the changes to just one bond on a large molecule. When multiple bonds react, the result is an unwanted broad mixture of end products, none of which contain just the one specific change desired for making a better drug.
To solve that problem, Harvard University chemist Andrew Myers and colleagues adapted a divide-and-conquer strategy that they had applied to tetracycline antibiotics back in 2005. They started with three basic macrolide ring structures and broke each one down into eight molecular “modules.” They then carefully mapped out reactions needed to put the pieces back together. For two such linkers, they even invented new chemical reactions to forge the bonds. This allowed them to tinker with the modules individually, and then reassemble them. By repeating the strategy over and over, they forged more than 300 entirely new macrolides.
When given to a panel of bacterial lab cultures, several of these compounds showed potent antibiotic activity against antibiotic-resistant microbes, including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, the team reports online today in Nature. Perhaps equally important, Myers says, is that all the reactions used for the assembly produce high yields of the final products. That’s essential, he notes, because bacteria don’t produce the starting material for the new compounds. So, if any of them proves a valuable medicine, chemists will be able to synthesize large quantities of it cheaply from scratch.
“This is a great example of beautiful chemistry that will have a tangible societal benefit,” says Phil Baran, a synthetic organic chemist at the Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, California.”
(Adapted from: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/05/new-way-makepowerful- antibiotics)
Select the proposition that presents the CORRECT explanation for each expression bellow, as they are used in the text.
Questão 50 136729ESPM 2016/2
In the first frame, the form of the verb "missing" is mandatory because:
Questão 1 288931UCS 2016
Are You An Indian?
How often have you heard or said “I’m part Indian”? If you have, then
some Native American elders have something to teach you. A very touching
example was told by a physician from Oregon who discovered as an adult
that he was Indian. This is his story. Listen well to the story he tells:
 Some twenty or more years ago while serving the Mono and Chukchanse
and Chownumnee communities in the Sierra Nevada, I was asked to make
a house call on a Mono elder. She was 81 years old and had contracted
pneumonia after falling on frozen snow while picking up some firewood.
I was surprised that she had asked me to come since she had always
 avoided anything to do with the services provided through the local agencies.
However, it seemed that she had decided I might be alright because I had
helped her grandson through some difficult times earlier and had been
studying Mono language with the 2nd graders at North Fork School.
She greeted me from inside her house, directing me into her bedroom
 with the sound of her voice. She was not willing to go to the hospital like her
family had pleaded, but was determined to stay in her own place and wanted
me to help her using herbs that she knew and trusted but felt too weak to
prepare by herself. I had learned to use about a dozen native medicinal plants
by that time, but was inexperienced in using herbs in a life or death situation.
 She eased my fears with her kind eyes and gentle voice. I stayed with her for
the next two days, treating her with herbal medicine (and some vitamin C that
she agreed to accept).
She made it through and we became friends. One evening several years
later, she asked me if I knew my elders. I told her that I was half Canadian and
 half Appalachian from Kentucky. I told her that my Appalachian grandfather
was raised by his Cherokee mother but nobody had ever talked much about
that and I didn’t want anyone to think that I was pretending to be an Indian. I
was uncomfortable saying I was part Indian and never brought it up in normal
 “What! You’re part Indian?” she said. “I wonder, would you point the part
of yourself that’s Indian. Show me what part you mean.”
I felt quite foolish and troubled by what she said, so I stammered out
something to the effect that I didn’t understand what she meant. Thankfully
the conversation stopped at that point. I finished bringing in several days
worth of firewood for her, finished the yerba santa tea she had made for me
and went home still thinking about her words.
Some weeks later we met in the grocery store in town and she looked
down at one of my feet and said, “I wonder if that foot is an Indian foot. Or
maybe it’s your left ear. Have you figured it out yet? “I laughed out loud,
blushing and stammering like a little kid. When I got outside after shopping,
she was standing beside my pick-up, smiling and laughing. “You know, she
said, “you either are or you aren’t. No such thing as part Indian. It’s how your
heart lives in the world, how you carry yourself. I knew before I asked you.
Nobody told me. Now don’t let me hear you say you are part Indian anymore.”
 She died last year, but I would like her to know that I’ve heeded her
words. And I’ve come to think that what she did for me was a teaching that
the old ones tell people like me, because others have told me that a Native
American elder also said almost the same thing to them. I know her wisdom
helped me to learn who I was that day and her words have echoed in my
 memory ever since. And because of her, I am no longer part Indian.
Disponível em:<http://www.cowboyfun.com/iam/>. Acesso em: 3 abril 16. (Adaptado.)
Analise as proposições abaixo de acordo com sua veracidade (V) ou falsidade (F).
( ) O termo touching (linha 2) qualifica o exemplo de ensinamento contido na narrativa como comovente.
( ) O termo gentle (linha 20) pode ser substituído por soft sem prejuízo para o sentido da oração.
( ) O termo foolish (linha 32) pode ser melhor traduzido por desconfortável.
Assinale a alternativa que completa correta e adequadamente os parênteses, de cima para baixo.
Questão 99 957136PUC-RS Verão 2015
INSTRUCTION: Answer question according to text.
Reading the work of Jorge Luis Borges for the first time is
like discovering a new letter in the alphabet, or a new note in
the musical scale. His writings are fictions filled with private
jokes and esoterica, historiography and sardonic footnotes.
 They are brief, often with abrupt beginnings. Borges’ use
of labyrinths, mirrors, chess games and detective stories
creates a complex intellectual landscape, yet his language is
clear, with ironic undertones. He presents the most fantastic
of scenes in simple terms, seducing us into the forking
 pathway of his seemingly infinite imagination.
Half a century ago, when Borges’ ground-breaking collection
Ficciones was first published in English translation, he was
virtually unknown outside literary circles in Buenos Aires,
where he was born in 1899, and Paris, where his work was
 translated in the 1950s. In 1961, he was catapulted onto the
world stage when international publishers awarded him the
first Formentor Prize for outstanding literary achievement.
He shared the prize with Samuel Beckett (the other authors
on the shortlist were Alejo Carpentier, Max Frisch and Henry
 Miller). The award spurred English translations of Ficciones
and Labyrinths and brought Borges widespread fame and
Over the decades since his death in 1986, Borges’ global
stature has continued to grow. “Today one could consider
 Borges the most important writer of the 20th Century,” says
Suzanne Jill Levine, translator and general editor of the
Penguin Classics five-volume Borges series. Why? “Because
he created a new literary continent between North and South
America, between Europe and America, between old worlds
 and modernity. In creating the most original writing of his
time, Borges taught us that nothing is new, that creation is
recreation, that we are all one contradictory mind, connected
amongst each other and through time and space, that human
beings are not only fiction makers but are fictions themselves,
 that everything we think or perceive is fiction, that every
corner of knowledge is a fiction.”
Adapted from http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20140902-the-20thcenturys-best-writer (acessado em setembro 2014).
A preposição “In” (linha 30) pode ser substituída, sem alteração de significado, por