Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 2 5321601EPCAR 2021
Directions: Answer question according to the text.
Many parents are concerned with their child’s
seemingly obsessive video game play. Fortnite, the
most recent gaming phenomenon, has taken the world
by storm and has parents asking if the shooter game is
 okay for kids. The short answer is yes, Fortnite is
generally fine. Furthermore, parents can breathe easier
knowing that research suggests gaming (on its own)
does not cause disorders like addiction.
However, there’s more to the story. A
 comprehensive answer to the question of whether video
games are prejudicial must take into account other
factors, and parents need to understand why kids play,
as well as when to worry and when to relax.
The word “addiction” gets tossed around quite
 a bit these days, but if it isn’t causing serious harm and
disorder to daily function, it isn’t an addiction. Parents
may worry that their kids are addicted, but if the children
can pull themselves away from a game to join the family
for a conversation over dinner and shows interest in
 other activities, like sports or socializing with friends,
then they are not addicted.
Generally, parents panic when their kid’s video
game playing comes at the expense of doing other
things, like studying or helping around the house. But
 let’s be honest, kids have been avoiding these activities
for ages. Equally true is the fact that parents have been
complaining about their unhelpful children well before the
first video game was plugged into its socket.
In fact, moderate video game play has been
 shown to be beneficial. A study conducted at Oxford by
Dr. Andrew Przybylski revealed that playing about one
hour per day improved psychological well-being, while
when taken to an extreme, playing over three hours per
day, was correlated with less well-being.
 The real question should be what is it about
the special attraction of gaming that makes it the
preferred pastime of so many millions of kids? What
makes it so difficult for even non-addicted kids to step
away from video games sometimes? The answer has to
 do with the way games address basic psychological
Fortnite, like any well-designed video game,
satisfies what we are all looking for. According to Drs.
Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, people need three
 things to flourish. We look for competence — the need
for mastery, progression, achievement, and growth. We
seek autonomy — the need for volition and freedom of
control over our choice. And finally, we look for
relatedness — the need to feel like we matter to others,
 and that others matter to us. Unfortunately, when
considering the state of modern childhood, many kids
aren’t getting enough of these three essential elements.
School, where kids spend most of their waking
hours, is in many ways the antithesis of a place where
 kids feel competence, autonomy, and relatedness.
There, kids are told what to do, where to be, what to
think, what to wear, and what to eat. While some argue
that discipline and control provide structure, it’s clear
why teachers and students might struggle with
 motivation in the classroom.
Gamers feel competence when they practice
strengths to reach their goals. In a game, players have
the autonomy to call the shots, do what they want, and
experiment with creative strategies to solve problems.
 Games are also social outlets where players can feel
relatedness. In Fortnite, for example, players often
meet in the virtual environment to chat and socialize,
because doing so in the real world is often inconvenient
or off limits.
 Of course, none of this is to say video games
are a good substitution — quite the opposite. No game
can give a child the feeling of competence that comes
from accomplishing a difficult task or learning a new
skill on their own accord. Fortnite can’t compete with
 the exhilaration that comes from the autonomy of
exploring reality, where a child is free to ask questions
and unlock mysteries in the real world. No social media
site can give a kid the sense of relatedness, safety, and
warmth that comes from an adult who loves that child
 unconditionally just the way they are, no matter what,
and takes the time to tell them so.
Some kids suffer from gaming disorders, but
such dependencies are often combined with preexisting
conditions, including problems with impulse control. For
 most children, however, parents understanding the
deeper truth behind what kids are getting out of games
empowers them to take steps to give their children
more of what they need. Video games are this
generation’s outlet, and some kids use them as a tool to
 escape the same way some of us use our own flavor of
dissociative devices to tune out reality for a while.
(Adapted from https://www.psychologytoday.com. Access on March 25th, 2021)
1. to toss around – to discuss possibilities or new ideas
2. to step away – to not become involved with something
3. to flourish – to grow or develop successfully
4. volition – the power to make your own decision
5. exhilaration – excitement and happiness
6. to call the shots – to be in position to decide
7. outlet – a way in which emotions, energy or abilities can be expressed or made use of
8. to tune out – to stop paying attention to something or someone
Mark the alternative that shows the appropriate question tag for the sentence.
Many parents are concerned with their child’s seemingly obsessive video game play, ______?
Questão 34 3655345CN 1° Dia 2020
Read the text to answer the question.
Meditation: A simple, fast way to reduce stress
Meditation can wipe away the day's stress, bringing with it inner peace. See how you can easily learn to practice meditation whenever you need it most.
By Mayo Clinic Staff
If stress has you anxious, tense and worried, consider trying meditation. Spending even a few minutes in meditation can restore your calm and inner peace.
Anyone can practice meditation. Its simple and “Inexpensive, and it doesn't require any special equipment.
And you can practice meditation wherever you are - whether you're out for a walk, riding the bus, waiting at the doctor's office or even in the middle of a difficult business meeting.
Meditation has been practiced for thousands of years. Meditation originally was meant to help deepen understanding of the sacred and mystical forces of life. These days, meditation is commonly used for relaxation and stress reduction.
Meditation is considered a type of mind-body complementary medicine. Meditation can produce a deep state of relaxation and a tranquil mind.
During meditation, you focus your attention and eliminate the stream of jumbled thoughts that may be crowding your mind and causing stress. This process may result in enhanced physical and emotional well-being.
Benefits of meditation
Meditation can give you a sense of calm, peace and balance that can benefit both your emotional well-being and your overall health.
And these benefits don't end when your meditation session ends. Meditation can help carry you more calmly through your day and may help you manage symptoms of certain medical conditions.
Adapted from: https:/Awww.mayoclinic.orgitests-procedures/meditation/in-depth/meditation/art-20045858
Read the sentence below.
“Meditation can give you a sense of calm, peace and balance.”
Mark the option that indicates the correct question for the sentence above.
Questão 28 1375703CN 1° Dia 2018
Read text to do question based on it.
How to Plan a Movie-Themed Vacation
lt's easier than you may expect to find, visit, and enjoy the places where your favorite movies were made.
By Shivani Vora
March 8, 2018
Whether it's the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy in New
Zealand or “Roman Holiday” in Rome, many noteworthy
movies are filmed in appealing locales all over the world
that travelers may want to visit and enjoy.
According to Angela Tillson, a film location manager in
Kauai who has worked on the set of films including
“Jurassic Park: The Lost World" and “The Descendants,"
exploring a beloved movie set destination through the eyes
of the film makes for an enjoyable vacation. “Seeing a
place with a focus on a movie you love will give you a
perspective that the average tourist doesn't usually get.
You'll certainly have a better impression of the place,” she
said. Here are her tips to get started.
Choose Your Destination
If there's a movie you love, you can find out where it
was filmed by looking at the credits at the end of the film or
by going online to The Internet Movie Database, also
known as IMDB, which often lists filming locations. Once
you know the locale, you can start planning your trip. Or,
consider doing what Ms. Tillson often does when deciding
on where to vacation: pick a spot you're interested in
visiting, and find out what movies have been filmed there.
“It's fun to sometimes let a destination determine the movie
you're going to live rather than the other way around,” Mis.
Get in the Mood
Before you head to your destination, be sure to
rewatch the movie. A rewatch not only reminds you of
identifiable spots to look out for during your trip, but it also
adds to the excitement of your upcoming exploration.
If the movie is based on a book, consider reading the
book, too. It may have details about the locale that the
movie doesn't touch on. Also, books often have scenes
that don't make it into the movie adaptations, which gives
you a deeper view of the destination. Ms. Tillson also
recommended downloading the movie's soundtrack or
score, and listening to it throughout your trip.
Book a Themed Trip
Some travel companies sell set itineraries focused on
popular movies. Luxury tour operator Zicasso, for example,
has an eight-day trip, all inclusive, to Ireland inspired by
“Star Wars: The Last Jedi" and Wild Frontiers has an
eleven-day trip to India inspired by “The Best Exotic
Marigold Hotel” Ms. Tillson suggested doing a web search
or checking with a travel agent to find out about such trips.
Also, in some destinations, local tour operators and
hotels sell movie-themed tours. For instance, The St. Regis
Priceville Resort offers a tour that includes a private
helicopter ride to Manawaiopuna Falls, made famous in
“Jurassic Park,” and an ATV tour of filming locations of
movies such as “Raiders of the Lost Ark" and “Pirates of
the Caribbean.” Lunch is even included. The cost is $5,674
for two adults.
A more affordable option, in Rome, is the four-hour
"Roman Holiday” themed excursion from HR Tours, where
travelers ride a Vespa with a driver and see all the sites
from the movie; the cost is 170 euros per person.
Hang Where the Movie Crew Did
When they're not working, movie crews enjoy hitting
local bars and casual restaurants that serve tasty loca!
cuisine, Ms. Tillson said.
Find out where the behind-the-scenes staff of your
film spent their time by asking your destination's tourist
board or your hotel's concierge, and check out a few of the
spots. “lts another way to get involved in the film and
spend time in bars and restaurants that you wouldn't
normally think to hit,” she said.
Mark the correct question for the following answer.
Angela Tillson is a film location manager in Kauai who has worked on the set of films including “Jurassic Park: The Lost World” and “The Descendants”.
Questão 33 1768260EN 2° Dia 2018
Which question word completes the dialogue correctly?
Peter: wasn't Mary at work yesterday?
Jane: She was ill.
Questão 36 279160EPCAR 2018
Directions: Read the text below and answer question according to it.
SOME OF THE INTERNET'S CRAZIEST CONSPIRACY THEORIES
Michael Jackson Is Still Alive
The advent of the internet hasn't just cooked up1
new conspiracy theories, it's also accelerated existing
ones. If you refuse to believe that it was the Iranians that
 killed him, perhaps you'll be convinced that MJ is actually
still alive. Proof? His own daughter Paris Jackson took a
photo of him. Seriously. What do you mean you don't
see him? He's right there in the back seat, stacked2
under that pile of clothes wearing his iconic hat. Believe,
 man. Thriller Vol.2 to drop next year.
The Moon Doesn't Exist
It's no good looking at it, night after night. The
moon doesn't exist. It's a hologram, put there by persons
unknown. Of course, serial conspiracy theorist David
 Icke has a theory. There are also countless YouTubers
keeping an eye out, one of whom has gone as far as
"looking at it regularly for a year".
Jay Z Is A Time-Travelling Vampire
There are vast regions of the internet devoted to
 explaining why Jay Z is part of the Illuminati. Hence3
when this photo, which was taken in New York in 1939,
appeared last year, he was accused of being a timetraveller.
And a vampire. This video lists other old-time
celebrity lookalikes4, as well as suggesting that
 Hollywood stars don't age because they're the immortal
bloodsucking undead. Not because they're stuffed5 with
The Earth Is Hollow
Don't give up, readers. We're halfway through
 this list. We can make it to the end. Dig6 deep. Well, not
too deep. You see, the Earth is hollow7 and accessible
via portals at the north and south poles. Luckily though,
it's quite habitable down there, providing excellent living
quarters8 for the lost Viking colonies of Greenland and
 the Nazis, while "aliens" are in fact just visitors from the
Siri Can Predict The Apocalypse
Amazing as it may seem, given that it can't do
anything else you actually ask it to do, Siri can predict
 the apocalypse. When asked "What day is 27th July
2014?", Apple's assistant replied, "The opening of the
gate of Hades", aka9 The End Of The World. That date
has now passed without issue10. Say what you like about
the maligned MS Office paperclip, but at least he didn't
 scaremonger11 that the end was near.
We All Live In The Matrix And Billionaires Want To Break Us Out Of It
The New Yorker’s Tad Friend claims that many
people in Silicone Valley are obsessed with the idea that
 we're all living in a Matrix-like simulation, and some are
taking that obsession a stage further: “Two tech
billionaires have gone so far as to secretly engage
scientists to work on breaking us out of the
simulation.”Here's hoping Mark Zuckerberg is 'The One',
Hitler Is Still Alive
"Hitler is still alive" rumours have circulated since
the 1970s, fuelled by the fact that his crony Josef
Mengele hid in South America. Stories like this one,
 however, speculate the 125-year-old Hitler has been
responsible for various world disasters, including 9/11
and the 2010 Gulf oil spill, which happened on his
birthday. Other theories say he died in 1984 in Brazil,
aged 94. Or in Argentina, aged 73.
(Adapted from http://www.shortlist.com/entertainment/20-of-the-internets-craziestconspiracy-theories/Acesso em: 14 de fev 2017)
1 - cook up – to invent a story, a plan, etc.
2 - stacked – covered with things
3 - hence – the reason, the explanation for
4 - lookalikes – similar in appearance
5 - stuffed – filled with something
6 - dig – to make a hole in the ground
7 - hollow – a hole or empty space
8 - quarter – a place to live
9 - aka – abbreviation for also known as
10 - issue – problem
11 - scaremonger – a person that creates stories that cause public fear
Mark the option that shows the appropriate question tag for the sentence.
“He's right there in the back seat”, ______? (line 8)
Questão 15 304726FCM PB 2018/1
Brazil's Former Olympic Chief Charged in 2016 Games Bribes Investigation
"RIO DE JANEIRO — Brazilian prosecutors charged the former head of the National Olympics Committee (Comitê Olímpico do Brasil, COB), Carlos Nuzman, and five other people with corruption based on an investigation of alleged bribery to have Rio de Janeiro host the 2016 Games.
Nuzman, who was provisionally suspended by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and arrested in Rio on Oct. 5th, was charged with racketeering, money laundering and violating currency laws. The former governor of Rio de Janeiro State, Sergio Cabral, and former COB director Leonardo Gryner were also charged with corruption in connection with a $2 million payment to guarantee votes for Rio, the prosecutors' office said.
Nuzman, 75 years old, a former IOC member and now honorary member, is accused of arranging bribes to get the IOC to pick Rio as host of the 2016 Olympic Games. He has denied any wrongdoing.
Rio was awarded the Games in 2009 over Chicago, Tokyo and Madrid. Those charged included Brazilian businessman Arthur Soares, who prosecutors said acted as an intermediary, and Lamine Diack, a former IOC member from Senegal and former head of the International Association of Athletics Federation.
The IOC provisionally suspended Nuzman a day after he was arrested, along with the COB, which was responsible for Rio's bid to stage the Games. The IOC said Brazilian athletes would not be affected and Team Brazil would be able to take part at next year's Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang in South Korea.
Nuzman resigned last week as head of the COB. In a letter to the committee he said he needed to devote himself to his legal defense and would not be returning."
(Adapted from: https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2017/10/18/sports/olympics/18reuters-brazil-corruption-olympics.html)
Choose the appropriate question tag answer for the following text fragment:
“Carlos Nuzman was provisionally suspended by the International Olympic Committee, ____________?”