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Questão 45 4000731FMJ 2021
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
What Does It Mean to Tear Down a Statue?
Protesters throwing the statue of the slave trader Edward Colston into a harbour.
Statues of historical figures, including slave traders and Christopher Columbus, are being toppled throughout the U.S. and around the world. This follows years of debate about public display of Confederate symbols. We interviewed the art historian Erin L. Thompson about the topic. Read the excerpt from the interview.
Q. What are some of the issues that arise when we talk about statues being torn down?
A. We have as humans been making monuments to glorify people and ideas since we started making art, and since we started making statues, other people have torn them down. So it’s not surprising that we are seeing people rebelling against ideas that are represented by these statues today.
Q. What do the recent attacks on statues tell us about the protests themselves?
A. The current attacks on statues are a sign that what’s in question is not just our future but our past, as a nation, as a society. These attacks show that we need to question the way we understand the world, even the past, in order to get to a better future.
Q. What’s a statue?
A. I think a statue is a bid for immortality. It’s a way of solidifying an idea and making it present to other people. It’s not the statues themselves but the point of view that they represent. And these [the ones being destroyed] are statues in public places, right? So these are statues claiming that this version of history is the public version of history.
Also, many Confederate statues are made out of bronze, a metal that you can melt down. The ancient Greeks made their major monuments out of bronze. Hardly any of these survived because as soon as regimes changed, as soon as there was war, it got melted down and made into money or a statue of somebody else.
We have been in a period of peace and prosperity — not peace for everybody, but the U.S. hasn’t been invaded, we’ve had enough money to maintain statues. So our generation thinks of public art as something that will always be around. But this is a very ahistorical point of view. I wish that what is happening now with statues being torn down didn’t have to happen this way. But there have been peaceful protests against many of these statues which have come to nothing. So if people lose hope in the possibility of a peaceful resolution, they’re going to find other means.
(www.nytimes.com, 11.06.2020. Adaptado.)
O trecho “the point of view that they represent”, no contexto da resposta à terceira pergunta, pode corresponder, em português, a:
Questão 2 5321601EPCAR 2021
Directions: Answer question according to the text.
Many parents are concerned with their child’s
seemingly obsessive video game play. Fortnite, the
most recent gaming phenomenon, has taken the world
by storm and has parents asking if the shooter game is
 okay for kids. The short answer is yes, Fortnite is
generally fine. Furthermore, parents can breathe easier
knowing that research suggests gaming (on its own)
does not cause disorders like addiction.
However, there’s more to the story. A
 comprehensive answer to the question of whether video
games are prejudicial must take into account other
factors, and parents need to understand why kids play,
as well as when to worry and when to relax.
The word “addiction” gets tossed around quite
 a bit these days, but if it isn’t causing serious harm and
disorder to daily function, it isn’t an addiction. Parents
may worry that their kids are addicted, but if the children
can pull themselves away from a game to join the family
for a conversation over dinner and shows interest in
 other activities, like sports or socializing with friends,
then they are not addicted.
Generally, parents panic when their kid’s video
game playing comes at the expense of doing other
things, like studying or helping around the house. But
 let’s be honest, kids have been avoiding these activities
for ages. Equally true is the fact that parents have been
complaining about their unhelpful children well before the
first video game was plugged into its socket.
In fact, moderate video game play has been
 shown to be beneficial. A study conducted at Oxford by
Dr. Andrew Przybylski revealed that playing about one
hour per day improved psychological well-being, while
when taken to an extreme, playing over three hours per
day, was correlated with less well-being.
 The real question should be what is it about
the special attraction of gaming that makes it the
preferred pastime of so many millions of kids? What
makes it so difficult for even non-addicted kids to step
away from video games sometimes? The answer has to
 do with the way games address basic psychological
Fortnite, like any well-designed video game,
satisfies what we are all looking for. According to Drs.
Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, people need three
 things to flourish. We look for competence — the need
for mastery, progression, achievement, and growth. We
seek autonomy — the need for volition and freedom of
control over our choice. And finally, we look for
relatedness — the need to feel like we matter to others,
 and that others matter to us. Unfortunately, when
considering the state of modern childhood, many kids
aren’t getting enough of these three essential elements.
School, where kids spend most of their waking
hours, is in many ways the antithesis of a place where
 kids feel competence, autonomy, and relatedness.
There, kids are told what to do, where to be, what to
think, what to wear, and what to eat. While some argue
that discipline and control provide structure, it’s clear
why teachers and students might struggle with
 motivation in the classroom.
Gamers feel competence when they practice
strengths to reach their goals. In a game, players have
the autonomy to call the shots, do what they want, and
experiment with creative strategies to solve problems.
 Games are also social outlets where players can feel
relatedness. In Fortnite, for example, players often
meet in the virtual environment to chat and socialize,
because doing so in the real world is often inconvenient
or off limits.
 Of course, none of this is to say video games
are a good substitution — quite the opposite. No game
can give a child the feeling of competence that comes
from accomplishing a difficult task or learning a new
skill on their own accord. Fortnite can’t compete with
 the exhilaration that comes from the autonomy of
exploring reality, where a child is free to ask questions
and unlock mysteries in the real world. No social media
site can give a kid the sense of relatedness, safety, and
warmth that comes from an adult who loves that child
 unconditionally just the way they are, no matter what,
and takes the time to tell them so.
Some kids suffer from gaming disorders, but
such dependencies are often combined with preexisting
conditions, including problems with impulse control. For
 most children, however, parents understanding the
deeper truth behind what kids are getting out of games
empowers them to take steps to give their children
more of what they need. Video games are this
generation’s outlet, and some kids use them as a tool to
 escape the same way some of us use our own flavor of
dissociative devices to tune out reality for a while.
(Adapted from https://www.psychologytoday.com. Access on March 25th, 2021)
1. to toss around – to discuss possibilities or new ideas
2. to step away – to not become involved with something
3. to flourish – to grow or develop successfully
4. volition – the power to make your own decision
5. exhilaration – excitement and happiness
6. to call the shots – to be in position to decide
7. outlet – a way in which emotions, energy or abilities can be expressed or made use of
8. to tune out – to stop paying attention to something or someone
Mark the alternative that shows the appropriate question tag for the sentence.
Many parents are concerned with their child’s seemingly obsessive video game play, ______?
Questão 37 1644690CN 1° Dia 2019
Match the questions and answers.
I- How's Mary?
II- What does Cindy do?
III- Whose daughter is Karen?
IV- How much meat does your sister have on a regular meal?
V- Hou many friends do Mark and Sue have on Facebook?
( ) A few.
( ) She's hers,
( ) She's all right.
( ) A little.
( ) She's a shop manager.
Mark the option that shows the correct order of answers.
Questão 20 604542FCM PB 2019/1
Engaging Doctors in the Health Care Revolution
Despite wondrous advances in medicine and technology, health care regularly fails at the fundamental job of any business: to reliably deliver what its customers need. In the face of ever-increasing complexity, the hard work and best intentions of individual physicians can no longer guarantee efficient, high-quality care. Fixing health care will require a radical transformation, moving from a system organized around individual physicians to a team-based approach focused on patients. Doctors, of course, must be central players in the transformation: Any ambitious strategy that they do not embrace is doomed.
And yet, many physicians are deeply anxious about the changes under way and are mourning real or anticipated losses of autonomy, respect, and income. They are being told that they must accept new organizational structures, ways of working, payment models, and performance goals. They struggle to care for the endless stream of patients who want to be seen, but they constantly hear that much of what they do is waste. They’re moving at various rates through the stages of grief: A few are still in denial, but many are in the second stage—anger. Bursts of rage over relatively small issues are common.
Given doctors’ angst, how can leaders best engage them in redesigning care? In our roles in senior management of two large U.S. health care systems, and as observers and partners of many others, we have seen firsthand that winning physicians’ support takes more than simple incentives. Leaders at all levels must draw on reserves of optimism, courage, and resilience. They must develop an understanding of behavioral economics and social capital and be ready to part company with clinicians who refuse to work with their colleagues to improve outcomes and efficiency.
To help health care leaders engage physicians in the pursuit of their organizations’ greater goals, we suggest a framework based on the writings of the economist and sociologist Max Weber, who described four motivations that drive social action (that is, action in response to others’ behavior). Adapted for health care professionals, these are: shared purpose, self-interest, respect, and tradition. Leaders can use these levers to earn doctors’ buy-in and bring about the change the system so urgently needs.
(Adapted from www.hbr.org)
Choose the proper question tag for the following sentence adapted from the text:
“They are being told that they must accept new organizational structures, ___________”.
Questão 28 1375703CN 1° Dia 2018
Read text to do question based on it.
How to Plan a Movie-Themed Vacation
lt's easier than you may expect to find, visit, and enjoy the places where your favorite movies were made.
By Shivani Vora
March 8, 2018
Whether it's the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy in New
Zealand or “Roman Holiday” in Rome, many noteworthy
movies are filmed in appealing locales all over the world
that travelers may want to visit and enjoy.
According to Angela Tillson, a film location manager in
Kauai who has worked on the set of films including
“Jurassic Park: The Lost World" and “The Descendants,"
exploring a beloved movie set destination through the eyes
of the film makes for an enjoyable vacation. “Seeing a
place with a focus on a movie you love will give you a
perspective that the average tourist doesn't usually get.
You'll certainly have a better impression of the place,” she
said. Here are her tips to get started.
Choose Your Destination
If there's a movie you love, you can find out where it
was filmed by looking at the credits at the end of the film or
by going online to The Internet Movie Database, also
known as IMDB, which often lists filming locations. Once
you know the locale, you can start planning your trip. Or,
consider doing what Ms. Tillson often does when deciding
on where to vacation: pick a spot you're interested in
visiting, and find out what movies have been filmed there.
“It's fun to sometimes let a destination determine the movie
you're going to live rather than the other way around,” Mis.
Get in the Mood
Before you head to your destination, be sure to
rewatch the movie. A rewatch not only reminds you of
identifiable spots to look out for during your trip, but it also
adds to the excitement of your upcoming exploration.
If the movie is based on a book, consider reading the
book, too. It may have details about the locale that the
movie doesn't touch on. Also, books often have scenes
that don't make it into the movie adaptations, which gives
you a deeper view of the destination. Ms. Tillson also
recommended downloading the movie's soundtrack or
score, and listening to it throughout your trip.
Book a Themed Trip
Some travel companies sell set itineraries focused on
popular movies. Luxury tour operator Zicasso, for example,
has an eight-day trip, all inclusive, to Ireland inspired by
“Star Wars: The Last Jedi" and Wild Frontiers has an
eleven-day trip to India inspired by “The Best Exotic
Marigold Hotel” Ms. Tillson suggested doing a web search
or checking with a travel agent to find out about such trips.
Also, in some destinations, local tour operators and
hotels sell movie-themed tours. For instance, The St. Regis
Priceville Resort offers a tour that includes a private
helicopter ride to Manawaiopuna Falls, made famous in
“Jurassic Park,” and an ATV tour of filming locations of
movies such as “Raiders of the Lost Ark" and “Pirates of
the Caribbean.” Lunch is even included. The cost is $5,674
for two adults.
A more affordable option, in Rome, is the four-hour
"Roman Holiday” themed excursion from HR Tours, where
travelers ride a Vespa with a driver and see all the sites
from the movie; the cost is 170 euros per person.
Hang Where the Movie Crew Did
When they're not working, movie crews enjoy hitting
local bars and casual restaurants that serve tasty loca!
cuisine, Ms. Tillson said.
Find out where the behind-the-scenes staff of your
film spent their time by asking your destination's tourist
board or your hotel's concierge, and check out a few of the
spots. “lts another way to get involved in the film and
spend time in bars and restaurants that you wouldn't
normally think to hit,” she said.
Mark the correct question for the following answer.
Angela Tillson is a film location manager in Kauai who has worked on the set of films including “Jurassic Park: The Lost World” and “The Descendants”.
Questão 33 1768260EN 2° Dia 2018
Which question word completes the dialogue correctly?
Peter: wasn't Mary at work yesterday?
Jane: She was ill.
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