Questão 37 3636821EEAR 2020/2
Read the text and answer the question.
I am sorry, I missed your party _____ Friday.
I could not come _______ I had to take my cousin ______ the airport.
I tried to phone you ______ you were out. I hope the party went well.
The words MISSED and TRIED in the text are:
Questão 10 8865310UNIDOMPEDRO MEDICINA 2023
A host of social, environmental and psychological factors could play a role in the link between a neighborhood’s socioeconomic status and the risk of its inhabitants developing dementia. For example, poorer areas have lower access to healthcare and less green space, which has been shown to protect older adults from dementia risk, according to recent studies. Air pollution, which was tied to cognitive decline in a study by Chinese researchers, tends to be worse in poorer neighborhoods. Multiple studies have linked a healthy diet with improved cognitive function, but healthy foods are more expensive in many regions.
Crime and social disorder, which impact a person’s perception of safety and community cohesion, may also increase dementia risk for residents in lower socioeconomic status areas. Chronic stress due to structural disadvantages, discrimination and economic adversity will wear down a person’s brain, as high cortisol — the hormone that correlates with stress — produces neurotoxic effects, according to multiple studies. “With healthy lifestyle habits a key factor in reducing or delaying your risk of developing dementia, it is important for everyone to have access to local facilities such as gyms and public pools, green spaces and health care, but unfortunately that is not always the case,” said Professor Matthew Pase.
BARTOV, Shira Li. Disponível em: http://newsweek.com Acesso em: out. 2022.
Cortisol is _____ when we experience_______anxiety or stress.
According to the text, the words that complete these blanks correctly are, respectively
Questão 19 3639037EAM 2020
Read the following text to answer question.
The Baseball game
Dad took his son Chris to a baseball game. The Los Angeles Dodgers were playing the San Francisco Giants. The Dodgers were the home team. The Giants were the visiting team. Dad and Chris walked into Dodger Stadium. Many people were there. Most of them wanted to see the Dodgers win. They wanted to see the Giants lose. Dad and Chris found their seats. They sat down. Chris told his dad he was hungry. His dad bought two bags of peanuts for Chris. He bought two hot dogs for Chris. He bought a big soda for Chris. A foul ball came their way. People dived for . the foul ball. They knocked Chris' soda over. His dad bought him another soda.
Adapted from: https://www.eslfast.com/supereasy/se/supereasy 134.htm
Mark the option that completes the text with the right form of the verbs in parenthesis, respectively.
Betty's doctor told her to exercise more. So she begar running. She _______ (to enjoy) running. She _______ (to run) almost every day. Betty will run ir the marathon next week. A marathon _______ (to be) 26 miles.
She will run for three hours without stopping She will try to finish it.
Questão 16 201865UECE 2° Fase 1° Dia 2018
Pope Francis disappoints Rohingya by failing to condemn persecution
 As the crowds trickled out of the
Yangon sports ground where Pope Francis
delivered his first public mass before tens of
thousands of people, Khin Maung Myint, a
 Rohingya activist, sat on the sidelines. He
was disappointed. Not in Francis, but in the
advisers who appear to have dissuaded the
pontiff from bringing up the plight of the
Rohingya people. “Rohingya are not the
 ones who lost their dignity, but the people
who silence the pope’s expression,” he said.
“Those who pushed the pope not to use the
word Rohingya, they are the ones who lost
 Francis is nearing the end of a
four-day visit to Myanmar, previously
known as Burma, in which he has not
publicly spoken about the persecuted
Muslim minority, more than 620,000 of
 whom have fled to Bangladesh in recent
months, escaping what western leaders are
calling ethnic cleansing.
Among the guests in the VIP
section, where a gazebo provided protection
 from the hot Myanmar sun, was Aye Ne
Win, the grandson of the country’s first
dictator who attracted public derision
recently after he dressed up as the pope for
Halloween. Beside him, in a black veil, sat a
 beauty queen who has described the
Rohingya in a YouTube video as “harbingers
of terror and violence”.
In his homily on Wednesday, the
pope talked about the need for forgiveness
 and ignoring the desire for revenge, but
declined to reference violence meted out
against the Rohingya, a campaign allegedly
marked by gang-rape, massacres and
arson. “We think that healing can come
 from anger or revenge,” Francis said,
speaking of the many “wounded” people in
Myanmar. “Yet the way of revenge is not
the way of Jesus,” he said. It was his
second public address in Myanmar, coming
 after he shared a stage with the state
counsellor, Aung San Suu Kyi, on Tuesday,
telling an audience of diplomats and
journalists that all of Myanmar’s religious
and minority ethnic groups – “none
 excluded” – should be respected.
Both speeches have fallen short of
what many expected from the pope, whose
advocacy for refugees has been a
benchmark of his papacy. He has previously
 referred to “our Rohingya brothers and
sisters”. At a press conference in Yangon on
Wednesday night, papal spokesman Greg
Burke said the moral authority of the Pope
“still stands”. “You can criticize what is said
 or not said but the Pope is not going to lose
any moral authority on this question here,”
The Rohingya have suffered
decades of persecution in Myanmar, where
 their freedoms have been slowly eroded and
tens of thousands are confined to
internment camps. They are widely deemed
illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and
labelled “Bengalis”. “For years the
 international community has towed the
government of Myanmar’s line, refusing to
say ‘Rohingya’ for fear of doing harm,” said
David Baulk, a Myanmar researcher for
Fortify Rights. “There should be nothing
 controversial about the pope identifying
people by the name they want.”
Whether or not the pope should
address the crisis has been a matter of
debate within the Vatican since the visit was
 announced, according to a source familiar
with discussions. “There are probably a mix
of voices in the Vatican,” they said. “Those
who are old school diplomats for whom
caution is always their watchword and
 others who are a bit more bold.”
The most vocal was until recently
Charles Maung Bo, Myanmar’s first cardinal,
a powerful orator who has fiercely defended
the Rohingya and condemned “merchants of
 hatred” in the form of Buddhist
ultranationalists who have sanctioned the
Before this week’s visit he urged
the pope not to use the word, though he
 has made it clear he would have been
happy with a compromise phrase, according
to the source. “I think one factor in this was
almost certainly pressure from within the
church on him because he has been so
 outspoken until now and I think there would
have been an enormous amount of pressure
from other bishops,” the source said.
Who are the Rohingya?
At the press conference on
 Wednesday night, the split between the
bishops was apparent, with one saying
there was a lack of “reliable evidence” of
atrocities and was not sure what was going
on because he had not seen it himself.
 The silence is likely to appease
many Catholics in the country who either
share prejudices against the Rohingya or
are afraid of a nationalist backlash against
the 650,000-strong Catholic community in
Francis is scheduled to fly to
Dhaka in Bangladesh where he will meet
Rohingya refugees on Thursday. But for
some in Myanmar, the leader of the church
 has a moral obligation not to leave the
country without commenting on its most
After the mass, Father Thomas, a
Yangon priest, said he hoped the pope
 brought the matter up in closed-door
meetings this week with the army chief, Min
Aung Hlaing, and Aung San Suu Kyi.
“This is the main issue in Burma,”
The underlined verbs in “Both speeches have fallen short of what many expected from the pope, whose advocacy for refugees has been a benchmark of his papacy” (lines 51-54) are respectively
Questão 41 112047UEMA PAES 2011
Why Children Use Drugs
Parents often think that friends or drug dealers may have pressured their child into taking drugs. But children say that they choose to use drugs because they want to:
• (1) boredom
• Feel good
• Forget their troubles and relax
• (2) fun
• Satisfy their curiosity
• Take risks
• (3) pain
• Feel grown-up
• (4) their independence
• (5) to a specific group and look cool
Parents know their children best and are therefore in the best position to suggest healthy alternatives to doing drugs. Encouraging children to become involved in sports, clubs, music lessons, community service projects, church, and other after-school activities can keep children and teens active and interested, while building their confidence and interpersonal skills. These activities will also bring youth closer to parents and to other adults and peers who can influence them in positive ways.
Disponível em:< http://www.yic.gov/drugfree/whykiduse.htm>. Acesso em: 03 ago. 2010.
Complete sentences numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 with the appropriate verb.
1. ________ boredom
2. ________ fun
3. ________ pain
4. ________ their independence
5. ________ to a specific group and look cool
Questão 38 142221UPE 2° Fase / 1° Dia SSA 2015
The next time the clerk at your favorite grocery store asks whether you prefer “paper or plastic” for your purchases, consider giving the truly eco-friendly response and saying, “neither.”
Plastic bags end up as litter that fouls the landscape, and kill thousands of marine mammals every year that mistake the floating bags for food. Plastic bags that get buried in landfills may take up to 1,000 years to break down, and in the process they separate into smaller and smaller toxic particles that contaminate soil and water. Furthermore, the production of plastic bags consume millions of gallons of oil that could be used for fuel and heating.
Paper bags, which many people consider a better alternative to plastic bags, carry their own set of environmental problems. For example, according to the American Forest and Paper Association, in 1999 the U.S. alone used 10 billion paper grocery bags, which adds up to a lot of trees.
But if you decline paper and plastic bags, then how do you get your groceries home? The answer, according to many environmentalists, is high-quality reusable shopping bags made of materials that don’t harm the environment during production and don’t need to be discarded after each use.
Experts estimate that 500 billion to 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed and discarded annually worldwide — more than a million per minute.
Disponível em: http://environment.about.com/od/recycling/a/reusablebags.htm. Adaptado.
Considerando a gramática e o contexto, analise as alternativas a seguir e assinale a CORRETA.