Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 95 1337287UECE 2° Fase 1° Dia 2019/1
T E X T
Now, according to an annual survey
by the Babson Survey Research Group and
the Online Learning Consortium, more than
6.3 million students took at least one
 distance education course in the Fall 2016
semester (the most recent academic year
for which data is available). That’s 31.6
percent of all higher education
enrollments, according to the study, and
 about half of them were taking all of their
Many of these students are traditional
age. But for adult students (generally
defined as those 25 and over, working full
 time jobs or with parenting
responsibilities) online education is a
particularly attractive option. Citing several
studies, Louis Soares, chief learning and
innovation officer for the American Council
 on Education, says that about a third of all
adult students — roughly 13 million — are
pursuing advanced degrees online.
“I think it has given adult students
more opportunities,” Mr. Soares said. “If
 done correctly, online education can create
a robust learning experience.”
Research has shown that students can
learn as well online as they can in a face to
face classroom, according to Jovita Ross
 Gordon, a professor at Texas State
“In terms of pros and cons, it offers
great convenience and access for
populations who might not otherwise have
 it,” said Professor Ross-Gordon, an expert
on adult education. “But a certain degree
of self-direction is required. And it can be
isolating for some folks.”
The vast majority of colleges and
 universities in the United States offer at
least some online classes, but there are
still those who question its legitimacy and
also the quality of for-profit colleges whose
curriculum is offered solely online.
 Walden University, where Mr. Haynes
is earning his doctoral degree, is one such
institution. He said that he researched the
school through the V.A. and other sources,
and heard positive reports from a friend
 who was also pursuing his doctorate in
business administration at Walden, which
Mr. Haynes learned was accredited by the
Accreditation Council for Business Schools.
For Manda Gibson, online education is
 the preferred mode of learning. “I love it,”
said Ms. Gibson, 45, the mother of four,
who works full-time as an instructional
designer at Simpson College in Indianola,
Iowa. Ms. Gibson is pursuing her master’s
 in business administration online with
Colorado State University-Global Campus,
and before that earned a bachelor of arts
in management, taking mostly online
classes, at Simpson.
 “When I sit in a regular class, my
mind wanders,” she says. “`Did I do this
for my kids?’ ‘What am I making for dinner
tonight?’ When I do online, I can say, ‘this
hour is my hour.’”
 But she says, with the flexibility of
online education comes responsibility. “You
have to take it seriously,” she said. “Some
people think online classes are easier. I
think it’s actually more work. Because you
 might have to spend more time with the
Time is a commodity that Mr. Haynes,
like many adult learners, has little of. He
and his wife — Sgt. Chelsea Aiko Haynes
 of the Army — have six children, ranging
in age from 1 to 17. He is also active with
the Semper Fi Fund, a nonprofit
organization that provides financial
assistance for catastrophically injured
 servicemen and women. But most days,
after the children are off to school and his
wife is at her job at the Pentagon, he sits
down in the living room with his MacBook
Air and gets ready to learn. “I open the
 blinds to get some natural sunlight in,” he
said. “The TV’s off, the phone’s on vibrate.
And I commit myself fully to my studies.”
Here are some tips for success in
online education for adult learners, from
 Jeremy Haynes and Manda Gibson, two
students who have flourished in this
learning environment, and from George
Haber, an adjunct professor at Vaughn
College in Queens, and a veteran of over
 25 years of teaching online.
Set aside specific time periods when
you can do required reading or writing and
stick to the schedule, whether it’s an hour
a night three nights a week; Saturday or
 Sunday morning; or some combination.
Get acquainted with your academic
adviser from the start, as he or she is your
lifeline for anything at the institution.
Choose a subject for your first
 online class that you’re interested in, if
possible. You will be more likely to become
engaged in the material and learn the
Ask questions and reach out for help
 early. Don’t get frustrated if you don’t
understand something; a quality online
program will not only have self-help
tutorials, but also good student services to
help with the details.
 Take part in any online discussions
or forums. Your lack of participation will be
easily noted by the instructor.
In terms of voice, the sentences “And I commit myself fully to my studies” and “Your lack of participation will be easily noted by the instructor” are respectively
Questão 3 5522041UFMS PASSE - 3ª Etapa 2018-2020
Leia o texto para responder às questão.
One of the main points of the advancement of science is being guided by the human curiosity, uncompromised with concrete results and free from any kind of tutelage or guidance. Scientific production driven simply by this curiosity has been able to open new frontiers of knowledge, to make us wiser and, in the long run, to generate value and more quality of life for human beings.
By its methods and instruments, science allows us to analyze the world around us and see beyond what the eyes can see. The scientific and technological enterprise of the human being throughout its history is, undoubtedly, the main responsible for everything that humanity had just built up. His achievements are present since the domain of fire to the immense potential derived from modern science of information, passing by the animals’ domestication, the rise of modern agriculture and industry and, of course, by the spectacular improvement in the quality of life of all humanity in the last century.
In addition to human curiosity, another very important way of scientific advancement is the solution of problems that afflict humanity. Living longer and healthier, working less and having more available time for leisure, reducing the distances that separate us from other human beings - whether through more communication channels or better means of transport - are some of the challenges and human aspirations to which, for centuries, the science and technology have contributed.
A person born in the late 18th Century, he/she would most likely die before reaching the age of 40. Someone born today in a developed country is expected to live more than 80 years and, although inequality is high, even in the poorest countries anywhere in sub-Saharan Africa, life expectancy today is more than 50 years. Science and technology are the key factors in explaining the reduction in mortality from various diseases, such as infectious diseases, for example, and the consequent increase in human longevity.
Texto Adaptado. Disponível em: https://www.ipea.gov.br/cts/pt/central-deconteudo/artigos/artigos/116-a-ciencia-e-a-tecnologiacomo-estrategia-de-desenvolvimento. Acesso em: 15 dez. 2020.
Considere a frase: “One of the main points of the advancement of science is being guided by the human curiosity“.
Em qual tempo verbal ela se encontra?
Questão 20 99376FCM PB Medicina 2013/1
Scientists say that a common ingredient found in Chinese herbal medicine is responsible for the very high incidence of some cancers and kidney disease in Taiwan. For thousands of years the aristolochia plant with its reddish-yellow flowers has been a support of Chinese herbal medicine. The toxic nature of the plant was discovered in the 1990s when dozens of Belgian women began developing kidney failure and urinary tract cancers. They had been using aristolochia-based slimming aids at clinic.
Now scientists say that the key element, aristolochic acid, is responsible for the very high levels of kidney disease and urinary tract tumors in Taiwan. It’s estimated that about one in three of the population there have used herbal medicines containing the toxin. The country has the world’s highest incidence of cancers of the upper urinary tract – and in their study the scientists say more than half can be directly linked to the ingredient.
While products containing aristolochic acid are banned in many countries, one of the big concerns is China. In 2004 a study suggests Chinese farmers produce enough of the plant to dose 100 million people. Scientists are concerned that in the decades to come, disease caused by the aristolochia will create an international public health problem of considerable magnitude.
Source: Adjusted from BBC.co.uk (http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/, visited on October, 2012)
Read the sentence:
“…disease […] will create an international public health problem of considerable magnitude”
Choose the appropriate passive form for the sentence above:
Questão 98 234327UECE 2° Fase 1° Dia 2012/2
In the sentence John said, “I broke my foot during a tennis match.”, the reported/indirect speech of the sentence is: John said that he______________ his foot during a tennis match.
Questão 18 2883110AFA 2010
All light on the night
Our cities and towns are far from silent at
night. As most of ______ are going to bed, a lot of
workers are just going to their jobs. It is estimated
that up to a fifth of the working population carries
 out its duties at night - running hospitals and
maintaining power stations, for example.
There is one problem: They have the same
biological clock as day workers. Night workers often
have trouble sleeping through the day, and
 sometimes find ______ harder to stay awake, which
means mistakes are more likely to happen. Dr
Lawrence Smith, a psychologist, discovered that
among people who do the same job, night workers
suffered 20% more injuries than day workers.
 He is now testing the theory that the light can
be used to fool the human body clock.The body clock
appears to be influenced by light, because one
chemical at its disposal is sensitive to light.
Adapted from Advance your English
The Passive Voice of the sentence 'He is now testing the theory...' (line 15) is
Questão 44 49014ESPM 2010/2
TV Will Save the World
By Charles Kenny
'Forget Twitter and Facebook, Google and the Kindle. Forget the latest sleek iGadget. Television is still the most influential medium around. Indeed, for many of the poorest regions of the world, it remains the next big thing — poised, finally, to attain truly global ubiquity. And that is a good thing, because the TV revolution is changing lives for the better.
Across the developing world, around 45% of households had a TV in 1995; by 2005 the number had climbed above 60%. That’s some way behind the U.S., where there are more TVs than people, but it dwarfs worldwide Internet access. Five million more households in sub-Saharan Africa will get a TV over the next five years. In 2005, after the fall of the Taliban, which had outlawed TV, 1 in 5 Afghans had one. The global total is another 150 million by 2013 — pushing the numbers to well beyond two-thirds of households.
Television’s most transformative impact will be on the lives of women. In India, researchers Robert Jensen and Emily Oster found that when cable TV reached villages, women were more likely to go to the market without their husbands’ permission and less likely to want a boy rather than a girl. They were more likely to make decisions over child health care and less likely to think that men had the right to beat their wives. TV is also a powerful medium for adult education. In the Indian state of Gujarat, Chitrageet is a hugely popular show that plays Bollywood song and dance clips. The routines are subtitled in Gujarati. Within six months, viewers had made a small but significant improvement in their reading skills.Too much TV has been associated with violence, obesity and social isolation. But TV is having a positive impact on the lives of billions worldwide, and as the spread of mobile TV, video cameras and YouTube democratize both access and content, it will become an even greater force for humbling tyrannical governments and tyrannical husbands alike.
(Wednesday, Mar. 11, 2010 http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/ 0,28804,1971133_1971110_1971118,00.html)
“TV will save the world” - in the passive voice: