Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 12 2661476UNIMONTES 3° Etapa 2019
INSTRUÇÃO: Leia, com atenção, o texto que segue para responder à questão proposta.
Jessica Nabongo completes quest to become first black woman to visit every country
Lilit Marcus, CNN • Updated 9th October 2019.
(CNN) –- Some people set records by jumping the highest or running the fastest.
But for Jessica Nabongo, a UN employee turned travel blogger, it's by becoming the first black woman to visit
every country on Earth.
She set out to visit all 193 countries in the world in 2016, and on October 6 arrived the last on her list, Seychelles,
 according to a post on her Instagram page. She also clocked up a couple of what the UN calls "non-observer status"
territories, taking her total to 195.
"Welcome to the Seychelles!! Country 195 of 195! So much to say but for now I will just say thank you to this entire
community for all of your support. This was our journey and thanks to all of you who came along for the ride!!," she
 Born in Detroit to Ugandan parents and holding two passports, Nabongo's epic odyssey hasn't just been about
getting her name in a record book.
She's hoping to pave the way for women and people of color to do the same.
Although she felt like she'd achieved "the American dream" by landing a six-figure job at a pharmaceutical
company after college and buying her own place in the Motor City, the work didn't satisfy her.
 Often, as the only person of color in a crowd, she stood out whether she wanted to or not. Nabongo also has dark
skin and shaves her head.
To date, there are about 150 known people who have been to every country, the majority of whom are white men
traveling on European passports –- the ones who have the option to "blend in" in more places.
As of April 2018, there were 193 recognized countries in the United Nations, plus two with "non-observer status".
 Nabongo visited them all. Her passports have stamps from places as far-flung as Nigeria, Cuba, Turkey and Laos.
Disponível em: https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/jessica-nabongo-every-country/index.html. Acesso em: 9 out. 2019. Adaptado.
A forma CORRETA de linguagem indireta da sentença “[...] I will just say thank you to this entire community for all of your support.” (linhas 7-8) corresponde a:
Questão 20 784869USS 2016/1
Favela Chic: gentrifying the slums of brazil
A walk through Rio de Janeiro’s Vidigal favela is a full sensory experience on any given day. The smell
of grilled meat mixes with that of exhaust from motorcycle taxis traversing the slum’s corridors.
And then there are the sounds. Normally it’s Rio’s trademark funk music blaring from various
cars or trucks, but lately it has been the sound of German, English or French being spoken by its
 new inhabitants.
Favela Chic, as it’s come to be known, has quickly taken Vidigal by storm, as well as its favela
neighbor Rocinha. A combination of new security forces, low prices and curiosity by outsiders have
brought a wave of new renters to neighborhoods that were once considered unsafe to even visit.
American Kristine Witko moved into Vidigal during the World Cup and says she loves it. “It has more
 life because there’s always something going on”, says the 27-year-old New Jersey native. “Bars with
people spilling out of them at 6 a.m., music blaring constantly, always people in the street”.
But in addition to a spate of World Cup visitors, Rio’s favelas have also become popular among
venture capitalists looking to rent or sell to higher-income buyers. Less than 10 years ago, a modest
home here would cost only $2,500. Today it can fetch $75,000 or more.
 While some former favela residents are being priced out of their homes by land prospectors from
the U.S. and Europe, others have been forcibly removed. In Rio, as many as 250,000 have been
relocated, many to the outskirts of the city, far from their former homes. Many complain that the
compensation packages, when offered, are inadequate.
Besides, favelas have often acted as the shelter for those unable to afford other housing options.
 “From the beginning, favelas have been not only housing for the poor, but also the poor’s preferred
housing, given the alternatives available and consistent actions of the state to not provide for the
poor, but to hide them from sight”, writes Jason Cummings in his dissertation for Harvard Graduate
School of Design, “Confronting the Favela Chic”.
With the 2016 Rio Olympics looming on the horizon, what will the gentrification in Rio and
 throughout Brazil mean for the 12 million people who inhabit the slums out of necessity? Priced
out or forced out, this creates a continuing clash of class for which there are no easy solutions.
Journalistic texts are often characterized by the presence of voices other than that of its author.
The voices present in the text were introduced by the devices below:
Questão 50 258019Unit-SE Medicina - Caderno 1 2014
The equivalent of the woman’s question in Reported Speech is
The woman ______ the doctor if he ______ prescribe something to stop ______ from sleepwalking.
The alternative that completes the blanks correctly is
Questão 60 784221UFN Inverno 2012
TRAVEL MORE, STRESS LESS
Pack these essential trip tips from Travel Channel host Don Wildman, touring violinist Joshua Bell, and tennis star Andy Roddick
Illustrations by Rami Niemi, Posted Date: April 10, 2012
 Sleep Like a Local
Andy Roddick needs quality rest when he lands
in a new city for a tournament. So he starts right in
with forcing his body to adapt to the time zone,
 even if he arrived exhausted. "If you fall asleep at
3 p.m., you're dead. You'll be up all night," he
says. "In a new place I normally try to make it to at
least 9 or 10 o'clock the first couple of nights."
 You don't need a gym to have your fitness fix. "I
carry a jump rope because it gets my heart beating
in the morning," Wildman says. "And sometimes I'll
take it on shoots with me, and I just do a little rope
jumping for 5 minutes. It wakes me up better than
 a cup of coffee."
Feel at Home in a Hotel
Roddick's move: “Unpack immediately. That
helps a lot," he says. "If you're tapped out from
being on the road, the last thing you want is to
 come back to a couple of bags that look like they
exploded all over the hotel room." Wildman will
even put books on bookshelves. "The least I can
do for myself," he says, "is fool myself into
thinking I'm home."
 Find a Decent Meal
If you return to a city regularly, you could do as
Roddick does and revisit a favorite restaurant each
time. That's a good way to create a feeling of
familiarity, which can be welcome when you're
 away from home. Globe-trotting violin virtuoso
Joshua Bell, on the other hand, likes to explore: "I
rarely ask the concierge for advice," Bell says,
"because he is apt to send me to his cousin's
pizzeria around the corner. But I do refer to some
 guides and research thoroughly online—Yelp,
Zagat, Open-Table—and I sometimes ask for
recommendations on social networking sites like
ASmallWorld, which is full of travelers like me.”
Use Downtime Wisely
 "I try to remind myself that 'killing time' is a sin,"
Bell says. "Life is too short as it is, and it's a
shame to wish for it to go by quicker. There's
always something worthwhile to do, even on an
airplane—read a good book, learn a new language
 with Rosetta Stone, write to my friends around the
world who haven't heard from me in too long."
When Bell does watch television, it's often on his
iPad: He'll catch episodes of Dexter, Breaking
Bad, Modern Family, and Desperate Housewives.
 Joshua Bell is touring to support his new album
French Impressions. Andy Roddick plays this month
at the French Open. Don Wildman's Off Limits airs on
the Travel Channel.
Na sentença “Joshua Bell is touring to support his new album French Impressions” (l. 50-51), a forma verbal is touring revela que o tempo se refere a
Questão 18 1366093EFOMM 1° Dia 2019
Which sentence is correct?
Questão 59 890755UFRGS 1° Dia 2019
Instrução: A questão está relacionada ao texto abaixo.
Obi was away in England for a little under
four years. He sometimes found it difficult to
believe that it was as short as that. It seemed
more like a decade than four years, which
 with the miseries of winter when his longing
to return home took on the sharpness of
physical pain. It was in England that Nigeria
first became more than just a name to him.
That was the first great thing that England did
 for him. But the Nigeria he returned to was in
many ways different from the picture he had
carried in his mind during those four years.
There were many things he could no longer
recognize, and others — like the slums of
 Lagos — which he was seeing for the first
As a boy in the village of Umuofia, he had
heard his first stories about Lagos from a
soldier home …….. leave from the war. Those
 soldiers were heroes who had seen the great
world. They spoke of Abyssinia, Egypt,
Palestine, Burma and so on. Some of them
had been village ne'er-do-wells, but now they
were heroes. They had bags and bags of
 money, and the villagers sat …….. their feet
to listen to their stories. One of them went
regularly to a market in the neighbouring
village and helped himself to whatever he
liked. He went in full uniform, breaking the
 earth with his boots, and no one dared touch
him. It was said that if you touched a soldier,
Government would deal with you. Besides,
soldiers were as strong as lions because of
the injections they were given …….. the army.
 It was from one of these soldiers that Obi had
his first picture of Lagos.
‘There is no darkness there,' he told his
admiring listeners, `because at night the
electric shines like the sun, and people are
 always walking about, that is, those who want
to walk. If you don't want to walk, you only
have to wave your hand and a pleasure car
stops for you.' His audience made sounds of
wonderment. Then by way of digression he
 said: 'If you see a white man, take off your
hat for him. The only thing he cannot do is
mould a human being.'
ACHEBE, Chinua. No Longer at Ease. New York / London: Everyman’s Library, 2010. p. 162.
Assinale a alternativa que apresenta reescrita adequada, em discurso indireto, para a frase Then by way of digression he said: 'If you see a white man, take off your hat for him' (l. 44-46).