Questão 176 6759469UECE 2ª Fase 1° Dia 2022
T E X T
Children set for more climate disasters than their grandparents, research shows
People born today will suffer many
times more extreme heatwaves and
other climate disasters over their
lifetimes than their grandparents,
 research has shown. The study is the
first to assess the contrasting
experience of climate extremes by
different age groups and starkly
highlights the intergenerational
 injustice posed by the climate crisis.
The analysis showed that a child
born in 2020 will endure an average of
30 extreme heatwaves in their lifetime,
even if countries fulfil their current
 pledges to cut future carbon emissions.
That is seven times more heatwaves
than someone born in 1960. Today’s
babies will also grow up to experience
twice as many droughts and wildfires
 and three times more river floods and
crop failures than someone who is 60
years old today.
However, rapidly cutting global
emissions to keep global heating to
 1.5C would almost halve the heatwaves
today’s children will experience, while
keeping under 2C would reduce the
number by a quarter.
A vital task of the UN’s Cop26
 climate summit in Glasgow in November
is to deliver pledges of bigger emissions
cuts from the most polluting countries
and climate justice will be an important
element of the negotiations. Developing
 countries, and the youth strike
protesters who have taken to the
streets around the world, point out that
those who did least to cause the climate
crisis are suffering the most.
 “Our results highlight a severe
threat to the safety of young
generations and call for drastic emission
reductions to safeguard their future,”
said Prof Wim Thiery, at Vrije
 Universiteit Brussel in Belgium and who
led the research. He said people under
40 today were set to live
“unprecedented” lives, ie suffering
heatwaves, droughts, floods and crop
 failures that would have been virtually
impossible – 0.01% chance – without
Dr Katja Frieler, at the Potsdam
Institute for Climate Impact Research in
 Germany and part of the study team,
said: “The good news is we can take
much of the climate burden from our
children’s shoulders if we limit warming
to 1.5C by phasing out fossil fuel use.
 This is a huge opportunity.”
Leo Hickman, editor of Carbon
Brief, said: “These new findings
reinforce our 2019 analysis which
showed that today’s children will need
 to emit eight times less CO2 over the
course of their lifetime than their
grandparents, if global warming is to be
kept below 1.5C. Climate change is
already exacerbating many injustices,
 but the intergenerational injustice of
climate change is particularly stark.”
The research, published in the
journal Science, combined extreme
event projections from sophisticated
 computer climate models, detailed
population and life expectancy data,
and global temperature trajectories
from the Intergovernmental Panel on
 The scientists said the increases
in climate impacts calculated for today’s
young people were likely to be
underestimates, as multiple extremes
within a year had to be grouped
together and the greater intensity of
 events was not accounted for.
There was significant regional
variation in the results. For example,
the 53 million children born in Europe
and central Asia between 2016 and
 2020 will experience about four times
more extreme events in their lifetimes
under current emissions pledges, but
the 172 million children of the same age
in sub-Saharan Africa face 5.7 times
 more extreme events.
“This highlights a disproportionate
climate change burden for young
generations in the global south,” the
 Dohyeon Kim, an activist from
South Korea who took part in the global
climate strike on Friday, said:
“Countries of the global north need to
push governments to put justice and
 equity at the heart of climate action,
both in terms of climate [aid] and
setting more ambitious pledges that
take into consideration historical
 The analysis found that only those
aged under 40 years today will live to
see the consequences of the choices
made on emissions cuts. Those who are
older will have died before the impacts
 of those choices become apparent in the
The verbs in “The analysis showed that a child born in 2020 will endure an average of 30 extreme heatwaves in their lifetime” (lines 11-13) are respectively
Questão 18 9883831UNIEVA Medicina 2022/2
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
After years away on a foreign posting, coming „home‟ can be overwhelming and isolating.
No place like home
In a Facebook comment, Wendy Skroch dubbed the phenomenon "reverse culture shock". "There is a form of homelessness that goes with all this," she wrote. "The sense of never being at home anywhere is very real." Many people identified with the disheartening struggle to plant roots again upon returning home. Pete Jones, who left the UK in 2000 for a life in Denmark, Holland and Switzerland, wrote: "I do enjoy visiting Blighty for a few days and then feel the need to leave. It is not home anymore!"
Disponível em: https://www.englishforum.ch/daily-life/268873-bbc-howexpats-cope-losing-their-identity.html. Acesso em: 10 mai. 2022.
De acordo com os verbos sublinhados no texto, em qual das alternativas a seguir encontram-se apenas verbos no passado simples?
Questão 2 7523555UFMS PASSE - 1ª Etapa 2021-2023
Leia o trecho a seguir, observe as palavras sublinhadas e, então, assinale a alternativa que correlacione corretamente as palavras destacadas com o seu referido tópico gramatical.
An early influencer who’d been on YouTube since 2010, Marbles apologized for the racist and sexist videos. She blocked the videos, so they can no longer be viewed and she issued a tearful apology to her followers. “It’s not OK,” she said. “It’s shameful. It’s awful
(Fonte: Disponível em: https://thepuristonline.com/2020/08/pros-andcons-of-cancel-culture/. Acesso em: 24 out. 2021).
Questão 35 3636819EEAR 2020/2
Read the text and answer the question.
I am sorry, I missed your party _____ Friday.
I could not come _______ I had to take my cousin ______ the airport.
I tried to phone you ______ you were out. I hope the party went well.
The missing words in the text above are, respectly:
Questão 2 1040858UFMS PSV 2019
Read Text to answer question.
Cleir Avila Ferreira Júnior was born in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. He is a self-taught artist. He has painted professionally since he was 18 years old. He has begun his artistic works with a hyperrealist influence, where he portrayed some regional and ecological themes, especially the Pantanal nature, presented in almost all his art.
In 1994, he started his mural work on the sides of some Campo Grande’s buildings, as example: the great "Onça Pintada" (50m high and 220m2) took him and his team a month of execution, and the "Tuiuiús" (40m high and 300m2) was his second mural.
In 1995, he painted the "Blue Macaw" (45m high and 430m2).
In 1996, he built the "Macaws’ Monument" in front of the international airport in Campo Grande, MS.
In 1998, he painted a mural of 700m2 in Corumbá, MS, where he portrayed the red macaw in one of its walls and in the other two a big gold fish. Therefore, he did uncountable art around Mato Grosso do Sul State, mainly into the touristic cities.
(FERREIRA JÚNIOR, Cleir Avila. Disponível em: http://www.artenossaterra.xpg.com.br/index.html. Acesso em: 10 nov. 2018).
Based on part of the Text, answer the question: In which verb tense are the following sentences?
“In 1995, he painted the ‘Blue Macaw’ (45m high and 430m2). In 1996, he built the ‘Macaws Monument’ in front of the international airport in Campo Grande, MS. In 1998, he painted a mural of 700m2 in Corumbá, MS, where he portrayed the red macaw in one of its walls and in the other two a big gold fish. Therefore, he did uncountable art around Mato Grosso do Sul State, mainly into the touristic cities”.
Questão 1 3375654UFMS PASSE - 1ª Etapa 2019-2021
Read Text to answer question.
The author who wrote verses from the "depths of the trifling", as it features in a poem and one of his books, poet Manoel de Barros died on Thursday morning, November 13th, aged 97, in Campo Grande, in Mato Grosso do Sul state. He had been in intensive care for over a week after he undergone surgery for bowel obstruction. According to the hospital he died due to multiple organ failure.
Manoel de Barros was born in Cuiabá and throughout his life he wrote 18 poetry books, in addition to children's books and autobiographical accounts. He received a number of literary prizes, two of which were Jabuti prizes (Tortoise prizes) - one in 1989 for "O Guardador de Águas" and in 2002 for "O Fazedor do Amanhecer".
Barros used to say that "poetry is not supposed to be understood, it is supposed to be incorporated. Understanding it creates a wall. One ought to try to be a tree." "Manoel de Barros was a philosopher who liked to think and rethink the world through poetry", Mozambique born writer Mia Couto, has said. Eucanaã Ferraz has said that Barros "was wise and surfaced already as an essential author".
Almost half a century went by until his debut in literature: "Poemas Concebidos Sem Pecado" was published in 1937 almost in handmade style, with 21 copies. The greatest publishing of his works only came in the second half of the 1980s, thanks to the efforts of admirers such as Brazilian writers Millôr Fernanddes and Antonio Houaiss, for whom he was often compared to Saint Francis of Assissi "in his humility before everything".
Even after his tardy success as one of the greatest Brazilian writers of his generation, he stayed true to his origins. He lived in Corumbá in Mato Grosso do Sul state, with stints in Rio de Janeiro and New York. Since the end of the 1970s, he lived in Campo Grande with his wife, Stella and their daughter, Martha.
(FONTE: Adaptado. Disponível em: https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/internacional/en /culture/2014/11/1548038-brazilian-poetmanoel-de-barros-dies-aged-97.shtml. Acesso em: 4 nov. 2019).
Analyze the sentence: “The author who wrote verses from the "depths of the trifling", as it features in a poem and one of his books, poet Manoel de Barros died on Thursday morning, November 13th, aged 97, in Campo Grande, in Mato Grosso do Sul state. He had been in intensive care for over a week after he undergone surgery for bowel obstruction. According to the hospital he died due to multiple organ failure”.
The underlined words are considered: