Questões de Inglês - Grammar
Questão 15 201864UECE 2° Fase 1° Dia 2018
Pope Francis disappoints Rohingya by failing to condemn persecution
 As the crowds trickled out of the
Yangon sports ground where Pope Francis
delivered his first public mass before tens of
thousands of people, Khin Maung Myint, a
 Rohingya activist, sat on the sidelines. He
was disappointed. Not in Francis, but in the
advisers who appear to have dissuaded the
pontiff from bringing up the plight of the
Rohingya people. “Rohingya are not the
 ones who lost their dignity, but the people
who silence the pope’s expression,” he said.
“Those who pushed the pope not to use the
word Rohingya, they are the ones who lost
 Francis is nearing the end of a
four-day visit to Myanmar, previously
known as Burma, in which he has not
publicly spoken about the persecuted
Muslim minority, more than 620,000 of
 whom have fled to Bangladesh in recent
months, escaping what western leaders are
calling ethnic cleansing.
Among the guests in the VIP
section, where a gazebo provided protection
 from the hot Myanmar sun, was Aye Ne
Win, the grandson of the country’s first
dictator who attracted public derision
recently after he dressed up as the pope for
Halloween. Beside him, in a black veil, sat a
 beauty queen who has described the
Rohingya in a YouTube video as “harbingers
of terror and violence”.
In his homily on Wednesday, the
pope talked about the need for forgiveness
 and ignoring the desire for revenge, but
declined to reference violence meted out
against the Rohingya, a campaign allegedly
marked by gang-rape, massacres and
arson. “We think that healing can come
 from anger or revenge,” Francis said,
speaking of the many “wounded” people in
Myanmar. “Yet the way of revenge is not
the way of Jesus,” he said. It was his
second public address in Myanmar, coming
 after he shared a stage with the state
counsellor, Aung San Suu Kyi, on Tuesday,
telling an audience of diplomats and
journalists that all of Myanmar’s religious
and minority ethnic groups – “none
 excluded” – should be respected.
Both speeches have fallen short of
what many expected from the pope, whose
advocacy for refugees has been a
benchmark of his papacy. He has previously
 referred to “our Rohingya brothers and
sisters”. At a press conference in Yangon on
Wednesday night, papal spokesman Greg
Burke said the moral authority of the Pope
“still stands”. “You can criticize what is said
 or not said but the Pope is not going to lose
any moral authority on this question here,”
The Rohingya have suffered
decades of persecution in Myanmar, where
 their freedoms have been slowly eroded and
tens of thousands are confined to
internment camps. They are widely deemed
illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and
labelled “Bengalis”. “For years the
 international community has towed the
government of Myanmar’s line, refusing to
say ‘Rohingya’ for fear of doing harm,” said
David Baulk, a Myanmar researcher for
Fortify Rights. “There should be nothing
 controversial about the pope identifying
people by the name they want.”
Whether or not the pope should
address the crisis has been a matter of
debate within the Vatican since the visit was
 announced, according to a source familiar
with discussions. “There are probably a mix
of voices in the Vatican,” they said. “Those
who are old school diplomats for whom
caution is always their watchword and
 others who are a bit more bold.”
The most vocal was until recently
Charles Maung Bo, Myanmar’s first cardinal,
a powerful orator who has fiercely defended
the Rohingya and condemned “merchants of
 hatred” in the form of Buddhist
ultranationalists who have sanctioned the
Before this week’s visit he urged
the pope not to use the word, though he
 has made it clear he would have been
happy with a compromise phrase, according
to the source. “I think one factor in this was
almost certainly pressure from within the
church on him because he has been so
 outspoken until now and I think there would
have been an enormous amount of pressure
from other bishops,” the source said.
Who are the Rohingya?
At the press conference on
 Wednesday night, the split between the
bishops was apparent, with one saying
there was a lack of “reliable evidence” of
atrocities and was not sure what was going
on because he had not seen it himself.
 The silence is likely to appease
many Catholics in the country who either
share prejudices against the Rohingya or
are afraid of a nationalist backlash against
the 650,000-strong Catholic community in
Francis is scheduled to fly to
Dhaka in Bangladesh where he will meet
Rohingya refugees on Thursday. But for
some in Myanmar, the leader of the church
 has a moral obligation not to leave the
country without commenting on its most
After the mass, Father Thomas, a
Yangon priest, said he hoped the pope
 brought the matter up in closed-door
meetings this week with the army chief, Min
Aung Hlaing, and Aung San Suu Kyi.
“This is the main issue in Burma,”
The tenses of the underlined verbs in “I think one factor in this was almost certainly pressure from within the church on him because he has been so outspoken until now...” (lines 97-100) are respectively
Questão 27 6307852EEAR 2022
Read the text and answer question.
Life on a desert island
Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. There is also the other side of the picture: Life on a desert island is wretched - you either starve to death or live like Robison Crusoe waiting for a boat which never comes. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few of us have had the opportunity to find out.
Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island whished they had stayed there no longer. They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin Islands to Miami to have it repaired. During the journey, their boat began to sink. They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island. There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water to drink, but this didn’t prove to be a problem since the men collected rain-water in the rubber dinghy. As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat. They caught lobster and fish every day, and, as one of them put it, “ate like kings”. When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.
New concept English. Developing skills: an integrated course for intermediate students.
Choose T for true and F for false.
( ) We always go home by bus or by car, never by foot.
( ) The tourists will leave in August 23.
( ) He came home on Sunday afternoon.
( ) She saw him on the end of the line.
Then, choose the alternative which corresponds to the correct sequence.
Questão 4 7523568UFMS PASSE - 1ª Etapa 2021-2023
Leia o Texto para responder à questão.
Cindy is a very clever girl. She is twelve years old and she has got an older brother and a baby sister. She goes to school in the morning and she helps her father in his office in the afternoon. In the evening, she studies the flute with a private teacher. She loves classical music; she listens to music all day long and, on Friday night, she plays the flute in a gospel band. Her brother doesn’t like to listen to music, but he loves playing video games. He plays video games all night long. He doesn’t help his family at home neither in his father’s office. But, he studies Computer Science at a very good university and he wants to be a video game designer. His father always tells him that it is necessary to study a lot achieve his goals.
Qual é o tempo verbal predominante nas seguintes frases?
“Her brother doesn’t like music, but he loves playing video games.
He doesn’t help his family at home neither in his father’s office.”
Questão 20 1524679ACAFE Medicina 2020/1
Memory Loss on Your Mind?
The good news is that your occasional memory loss is probably nothing to worry about
It's an all-too-common scenario: You've lost your keys (again!), don't remember where you left your glasses, or, for
the life of you, can't recall the name of that darn movie. And your first reaction is "Sheesh — I must be getting old.
 I'm losing my memory!"
Well, the reassuring news is that these so-called senior moments have nothing to do with your brain getting old,
says Pierce J. Howard, Ph.D., director of research at the Center for Applied Cognitive Sciences in Charlotte, North
Carolina, and the author of The Owner's Manual for the Brain. Chances are your (very normal) memory snafus are
associated not with age but with experience.
 Memory Rivalry
Try this brainteaser: Off the top of your head, name ten things that are the color red. Not as easy as it sounds, is
it? When you were 5 years old, you could probably have completed this task easily, but by the time you reach your
"seasoned" years, your brain is filled with some 6,000 objects that are red. And because we have so many things in
brain storage bins that fit the description — what scientists refer to as rivals — we struggle when we try to
 remember the name of a red object.
"Your mind will cycle through hundreds of candidates before you come up with the right ones," explains Howard.
"And it might take longer than you expect. That's not a memory lapse. It's simply trying to recall a memory that's in
storage." Ever notice your computer slowing down when the hard drive gets too full? It's akin to what happens with
the human mind — as it gets fuller, it takes more time to sift through everything. "Aging is a misnomer here," says
 Howard. "It's not getting old that causes the sluggishness of memory — it's simply a crowded memory bank. By
now, you've got so many associations that it's just a competition in your mind for the correct memory to surface."
In addition, certain substances can damage neurons, as can lifestyle choices and health problems, including the
 Too much caffeine. A dehydrating agent, caffeine can, over time, make your neural membranes brittle. It's a double
whammy, too: It can affect your ability to recall because it encourages the production of excess cortisol, the stress
chemical that prepares you for "fight or flight." Too much cortisol can shrink the size of your hippocampus, which
is where memories are stored in the brain. Howard says it's best not to exceed one dose of caffeine every seven
hours. (A dose is one milligram per pound of body weight.) In such moderate amounts, however, some studies have
 shown that caffeine can, in fact, offer health benefits — just be sure not to overdo it!
Heavy alcohol consumption. Because alcohol is also a diuretic, it can cause dehydration, producing symptoms such
as confusion and memory problems. So for every ounce of alcohol you consume, drink a glass of water, says
Howard. Alcohol may also directly lead to neuronal degeneration.
A sedentary lifestyle and untreated high blood pressure. Both can make you susceptible to memory lapses. A rule
 of thumb worth following: Anything that's good for the heart is good for the mind. That's because mental activity is
dependent on blood flow (among other factors), which also supplies essential oxygen to the brain.
Prolonged stress and illness. Both of these can wreak havoc on mental as well as physical functioning.
Resting on your laurels. This is no time to be complacent or lazy. It's important to keep stimulating your mind to
learn new things and take on new challenges. Follow the slogan Use it or lose it!
By JANENE MASCARELLA
(Source: https://www.everydayhealth.com/longevity/mental-fitness/memory-loss.aspx retrieved on September9, 2019)
In Text, the words in bold type function (1) as a noun; (2) as a verb in the past participle; (3) as a verb in the gerund form; (4) as a verb in the imperative form.
Choose the alternative in which the underlined words fulfil the same function as in the sentences below respectively:
1. “Memory Loss on Your Mind?” (line 1)
2. “You've lost your keys (again!)” (line 3)
3. “I'm losing my memory!” (line 5)
4. “Use it or lose it!” (line 39)
Questão 3 2702586UFMS 2020
Read Text to answer the question
Located within the Indigenous Nations Park, the MARCO offers permanent and temporary works by modern and contemporary visual artists.
Its collection originates in 1979, in the former State Pinacoteca, enriched later by spontaneous donations of artists, private collectors and cultural institutions. It currently consists of approximately 1,600 works in various artistic modalities, including a significant set of works that record the course of visual arts in Mato Grosso do Sul, from the beginning to the present day
(FONTE: Disponível em: http://www.visitms.com.br/en/atrativo/425. Acesso em: 4 nov. 2019).
Read Text again and answer the question correctly: in which verb tense was it written?
Questão 26 3651206UERJ 2020/2
THE POWER OF METAPHORS
Imagine your city isn’t as safe as it used to be. Robberies are on the rise, home invasions are
increasing and murder rates have nearly doubled in the past three years. What should city officials
do about it? Hire more cops to round up the thugs and lock them away in a growing network of
prisons? Or design programs that promise more peace by addressing issues like a faltering economy
 and underperforming schools?
Your answer – and the reasoning behind it – can hinge on the metaphor being used to describe the
problem, according to new research by Stanford psychologists. Your thinking can even be swayed
with just one word, they say.
Psychology Assistant Professor Lera Boroditsky and doctoral candidate Paul Thibodeau were
 curious about how subtle cues and common figures of speech can frame approaches to difficult
problems. “Some estimates suggest that one out of every 25 words we encounter is a metaphor”,
said Thibodeau, the study’s lead author. “But we didn’t know the extent to which these metaphors
In five experiments, test subjects were asked to read short paragraphs about rising crime rates in
 the fictional city of Addison and answer questions about the city. The researchers gauged how
people answered these questions in light of how crime was described – as a beast or a virus.
They found the test subjects’ proposed solutions differed a great deal depending on the metaphor
they were exposed to. The results have shown that people will likely support an increase in police
forces and jailing of offenders if crime is described as a “beast” preying on a community. But if
 people are told crime is a “virus” infecting a city, they are more inclined to treat the problem
with social reform. According to Boroditsky: “People like to think they’re objective. They want to
believe they’re logical. But they’re really being swayed by metaphors”.
To get a sense of how much the metaphor really mattered, the researchers also examined what role
political persuasions play in people’s approach to reducing crime. They suspected that Republicans
 would be more inclined to catch and incarcerate criminals than Democrats, who would prefer
enacting social reforms. They found Republicans were about 10 percent more likely to suggest an
“We can’t talk about any complex situation – like crime – without using metaphors”, said
Boroditsky. “Metaphors aren’t just used for flowery speech. They shape the conversation for things
 we’re trying to explain and figure out. And they have consequences for determining what we decide
is the right approach to solving problems”.
While their research focused on attitudes about crime, their findings can be used to understand the
implications of how a casual or calculated turn of phrase can influence debates and change minds.
Adaptado de news.stanford.edu.
test subjects were asked to read short paragraphs (l. 14)
The reason for the omission of the agent in the sentence above is: