Questões de Inglês - Vocabulary
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Questão 15 3639111ACAFE Verão Medicina 2021
Here's to the crazy ones, the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes... the ones who see things differently -- they're not fond of rules... You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can't do is ignore them because they change things... they push the human race forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do.
The text above was used in a 1997 Apple advertisement and was part of Steve Jobs' 2005 Stanford University commencement address.
What´s the main idea of this excerpt?
Questão 19 3639122ACAFE Verão Medicina 2021
When it comes to looking inedible the squid
goes all out. Tentacles, suckers, big blobby eyes,
anything to help communicate the message
"Do not eat me, under any circumstances".
 There's even a beak in there somewhere.
It's really more threat than feast.
Which got us thinking. What on earth
was the first person to eat squid doing?
Who in their right mind could look at
 raw squid and say, "That's the snack for me"?!?
TO THE VISIONARY WHO FIRST SAW
TENTACLED BRAIN SACS
AND THOUGHT "LUNCH".
What a weirdo. What a hero.
 Because as we know, squid just happens
to be one of life's greatest pleasures:
chargrilled squid salad, chilli squid linguine,
crisp calamari dunked in mayo...
So we'd like to say a heartfelt
 thank you to the first person to eat squid.
And to all the food pioneers who boldly
ate what none had eaten before -
giving those funny-looking foods
the chance to be delicious.
(Source: https://www.adforum.com/award-organization/6650183/showcase/2017/ad/34548009 retrieved on September26, 2019)
What does the adjective inedible mean in line1?
Questão 62 3646280FUVEST 2021
Leia os provérbios:
1. Don't count your chickens before they lay eggs.
2. Don't bite the hand that feeds you.
3. Every cloud has a silver lining.
A alternativa que melhor expressa a ideia contida em cada um dos três provérbios, na ordem em que aparecem, é:
Questão 21 4395788UNESP Cursos das Áreas de Exatas e Humanidades 2021
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
When will the Amazon hit a tipping point?
Scientists say climate change, deforestation and fires could cause the world’s largest rainforest to dry out. The big question is how soon that might happen. Seen from a monitoring tower above the treetops near Manaus, in the Brazilian Amazon, the rainforest canopy stretches to the horizon as an endless sea of green. It looks like a rich and healthy ecosystem, but appearances are deceiving. This rainforest — which holds 16,000 separate tree species — is slowly drying out.
Over the past century, the average temperature in the forest has risen by 1-1.5 °C. In some parts, the dry season has expanded during the past 50 years, from four months to almost five. Severe droughts have hit three times since 2005. That’s all driving a shift in vegetation. In 2018, a study reported that trees that do best in moist conditions, such as tropical legumes from the genus Inga, are dying. Those adapted to drier climes, such as the Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa), are thriving.
At the same time, large parts of the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest, are being cut down and burnt. Tree clearing has already shrunk the forest by around 15% from its 1970s extent of more than 6 million square kilometres; in Brazil, which contains more than half the forest, more than 19% has disappeared. Last year, deforestation in Brazil spiked by around 30% to almost 10,000 km2, the largest loss in a decade. And in August 2019, videos of wildfires in the Amazon made international headlines. The number of fires that month was the highest for any August since an extreme drought in 2010.
(www.nature.com, 25.02.2020. Adaptado.)
According to the first paragraph, the Amazon rainforest
Questão 3 6084066ENEM 1° Dia 2021
Back in lhe ancestral homeland of Michelle Obama, black women were rarety granted the honorific Miss or Mrs., but were addressed by their first name, or simply as “gar” or “auntie” or worse. This so openly demeaned them that many black women, long after they had left the South, refused to answer if called by their first name. A mother and father in 1970s Texas named their newborm “Miss” so that white people would have no choice but to address their daughter by that title. Black women were meant for the field or the kitchen, or for use as they saw fit. They were, by definition, not ladies. The very idea of a black woman as first lady of the land, well, that would have been unlhinkable.
Disponível em www.nytimes com. Acesso em. 28 dez. 2018 (adaptado)
A critica do livro de memórias de Michelle Obama, ex-primeira-dama dos EUA, aborda a história das relações humanas na cidade natal da autora.
Nesse contexto, o uso do vocábulo "unthinkable" ressalta que
Questão 37 1290039CUSC 2020
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
The fantastic appeal of fantasy
The fantasy genre starts where science ends
Few things can brighten up a dark morning in a Scottish seaside resort during an Atlantic storm. Yet while sheltering in a bookshop from the rain, I had a moment of sunny revelation. Stacked almost as high as my 11-year-old self were copies of The Lord of the Rings, with a cover illustration that promised mystery and magic. That chance discovery started a lifelong love of the fantasy genre1, both as reader and writer.
The fantasy genre has had more and more success, but today we’re in the middle of an unprecedented fantasy boom. Sales continue to rise and it is now the biggest genre in publishing. The more rational the world gets, with super-science all around us, the more we demand the irrational in our fiction.
Fantasy is not simply a case of swords2 and sorcery3. Yes, there is that by the shelf. But the genre is as broad as the imagination. The genre starts where science ends.
“In these modern times, where most of us sit at computers, fantasy books offer a chance to break out of mundane moments,” says Mark Newton, an editor with the genre. “People like to explore themes that go beyond the limited palette that literary fiction claims to offer.”
A search for the origins of fantasy will usually have academics muttering about Beowulf or Homer’s The Iliad, but they come from a time when all stories were fantasy: gods and monsters and supernatural artefacts with humanity caught in the middle. The first modern fantasy writer is usually considered to be William Morris, in the late 19th Century. But it was the early 20th Century where fantasy really started to gain status.
Fantasy fiction has always been about visionary ideas. You can get artful words in plenty of literary fiction, but being able to see beyond the boundaries4 of the world around us — now that’s a special skill.
I don’t write fantasy fiction simply to provide a trapdoor5 from the real world. For me, the genre is about the reality. But instead of coming up against it, fantasy maps the unconscious aspirations of our modern society through allegory in story- -forms as old as humanity. It’s about turning off the mobile phone and the computer and remembering who we are in the deepest parts of ourselves.
(Mark Chadbourn. www.telegraph.co.uk, 12.04.2008. Adaptado.)
1genre: gênero. Categoria distintiva de composição literária, como romance, poesia etc.
In the excerpt “that’s a special skill” (6th paragraph), the underlined word can be replaced, without changing the meaning of the sentence, by
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