Questões de Inglês - Vocabulary
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Questão 33 2511434UPE 2º Fase 1º Dia SSA 2019
'I'm 30 and live at home with my parents'.
Reasons for staying at home range from the culturally acceptable to the financial.
Derek Radcliffe, 30, Calgary, Canada
"I have lived my whole life in Calgary, an oil and gas-based city. I saw an abundance of oil and gas jobs in the industry growing up, and becoming a petroleum geologist seemed like a natural course to take.
"I was thrilled when I got my first permanent job at a small oil company, and later I had saved enough money for a down payment on a small townhouse.
"But in July 2016 the company I worked for declared bankruptcy as the price of oil fell. I received no severance but I was able to sell my townhouse (at a loss) right before the company went under.
"My parents and I have always had a good relationship and they were gracious enough to let me move back in with them. They recognize and understand the issues young Canadians encounter.
"A lot of my friends are in the same position and understand the situation I am in. If anything, it's me who is putting pressure on myself to leave home.
"There is still considerable volatility in my employment and in the Canadian oil and gas industry. I am not confident in moving forward and purchasing or renting a new place.
"I would now consider myself in a place of 'precarious employment'. I have no employment insurance, no health or dental coverage. I am not alone in my career uncertainty. I feel I have done everything right, but I still feel anxiety towards the future of my career.
"Right now, 'leaving the nest' is just not a financially wise decision."
(In: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-44236706. Acesso em: 26/05/18. Adaptado)
In the third paragraph, "bankruptcy", "severance" and "at a loss", in the respective order, mean
Questão 53 1898120UnirG 2017/1
Leia o texto a seguir e responda à questão
THE REAL TAMBOURINE MAN
Tagore, not Dylan: The first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize for literature was actually Indian
There’s been a great deal of excitement over Bob Dylan winning the 2016 Nobel Prize for literature.
It’s rare for artists who have achieved widespread, mainstream popularity to win the coveted prize. And although Nobels often go to Americans, the last literature prize to go to one was Toni Morrison in 1993. Furthermore, according to The New York Times, “It is the first time the honor has gone to a musician.”
But as Bob Dylan might sing, “The Times, they are mistaken.”
A Bengali literary giant, who probably wrote more songs than him, preceded Dylan’s win by over a century. Rabindranath Tagore, a wildly talented Indian poet, painter, and musician, took the prize in 1913.
The first musician (and first non-European) to win the Nobel Prize for literature, Tagore possessed an artistry—and lasting influence—that mirrored Dylan’s.
Disponível em: http://qz.com/810668/rabindranath-tagore-not-bob-dylan-the-firstlyricist-to-win-the-nobel prize-for-literature-was-actually-indian/. Acesso em: 23 out. 2016. [Adaptado]
In the text, the words “lyricist”, “musician”, “artists”, “poet” and “painter” can all be grouped under the category of
Questão 49 1952246UnirG 2016/1
Leia a mensagem a seguir e responda:
Free parking at rear
(Disponível em: http://www.examenglish.com/PET/ pet. Acesso em: 4 out. 2015.)
Onde as pessoas que frequentam esse restaurante podem estacionar seus carros gratuitamente?
Questão 54 1952302UnirG 2016/1
Leia o texto a seguir e responda à questão
Winter is dangerous because it’s so difcult to know what is going to happen and accidents take place so easily. Fog can be waiting to meet you over the top of a hill. Ice might be hiding beneath the melting snow, waiting to send you of the road. Te car coming towards you may suddenly slide across the road.
Rule Number One for driving on icy roads is to drive smoothly. Uneven movements can make a car suddenly very difcult to control. So every time you either turn the wheel, touch the brakes or increase your speed, you must be as gentle and slow as possible. Imagine you are driving with a full cup of hot cofee on the seat next to you. Drive so that you wouldn’t spill it.
Rule Number Two is to pay attention to what might happen. Te more ice there is, the further down the road you have to look. Test how long it takes to stop by gently braking. Remember that you may be driving more quickly than you think. In general, allow double your normal stopping distance when the road is wet, three times this distance on snow, and even more on ice. Try to stay in control of your car at all times and you will avoid trouble.
(Disponível em: http://esl-bits.net/pet.htm. Acesso em: 4 out. 2015.)
Qual das mensagens de advertência a seguir traz a ideia principal do texto?
Questão 32 1887207EN 2° Dia 2015
Which sequence best completes this paragraph from a recommendation letter?
John is a very teacher. Attractive and professional-looking, he has interpersonal skills and is understood by students and parents alike, He carries out every responsibility and in a timely manner.
(Adapted from http://www.writeexpress.com)
Questão 32 142013UPE 3º Fase / 1º Dia SSA 2015
What Daniel Kish does, astonishingly, elegantly, makes you wonder how much untapped potential lies within the human body. Kish was born with retinal cancer, and to save his life, both eyes were removed by the time he was 13 months old. He soon started making a clicking noise with his tongue. It seemed to help him get around. Now 47, he navigates primarily using echolocation. Yes, like a bat. He’s so good, he can ride a bicycle in traffic. His group, World Access for the Blind, teaches others the art of the click.
He was interviewed by Michael Finkel.
How does echolocation work?
Sound waves are produced by every tongue click. These waves bounce off surfaces all around and return to my ears as faint echoes. My brain processes the echoes into dynamic images. It’s like having a conversation with the environment.
What do you see in your mind’s eye as you click?
Each click is like a dim camera flash. I construct a three-dimensional image of my surroundings for hundreds of feet in every direction. Up close, I can detect a pole an inch thick. At 15 feet, I recognize cars and bushes. Houses come into focus at 150 feet. But you still use a long white cane. I have difficulty in detecting small items at low level or places where the ground drops off.
What is it like riding a bike using echolocation?
It’s thrilling but requires very focused and sustained concentration on the acoustics of the environment. I click as much as twice per second, way more than I usually do.
Is it dangerous to explore the world this way?
Much of the world lives in fear of threats to life and limb that are largely imagined. Despite my insatiable habit of climbing anything and everything, I never broke a bone as a kid.
How challenging is it to teach other blind people echolocation?
World Access has taught nearly a thousand blind students in over 30 countries. Many students are surprised how quickly results come. I believe echolocation capacity is latent within us – early man may have used it when artificial lighting was nonexistent. The neural hardware seems to be there; I’ve developed ways to activate it. Vision isn’t in the eyes; it’s in the mind. Our students say they’ve discovered a freedom they never imagined.
(In: The New Age of Exploration. National Geographic, vol. 224, p. 105. July, 2013. Adaptado.)
O gênero textual em foco é uma entrevista, mas, em determinado momento, o entrevistador não elabora a pergunta. Ele apenas diz: “But you still use a long white cane”.
Daí, conclui-se que
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