Questões de Inglês - Vocabulary
Questão 52 7338548PUC-GO 2022
Read the sentences bellow, paying attention to the cognates:
I - The parents support their daughter on her dreams.
II - They wore different costumes at the Halloween party.
III - To get into the bank, you must push the glass door.
IV - The legend of that movie was written by the Grimm brothers.
Mark the only alternative with the correct translation of the underlined words:
Questão 28 6324161UNICENTRO 2021
Read text and answer question.
Lawyers say they can’t find the parents of 545 migrant children separated
by Trump administration By Julia Ainsley and Jacob Soboroff
WASHINGTON — Lawyers appointed by a federal judge to identify migrant families who were separated 2 by the Trump administration say that they have yet to track down the parents of 545 children and that 3 about two-thirds of those parents were deported to Central America without their children, according to 4 a filing Tuesday from the American Civil Liberties Union. 5 The
Trump administration instituted a “zero tolerance” policy in 2018 that separated migrant children 6 and parents at the southern U.S. border. The administration later confirmed that it had actually begun 7 separating families in 2017 along some parts of the border under a pilot program. The ACLU and other 8 pro-bono law firms were tasked with finding the members of families separated during the pilot program. 9 Unlike the 2,800 families separated under zero tolerance in 2018, most of whom remained in custody 10 when the policy was ended by executive order, many of the more than 1,000 parents separated from 11 their children under the pilot program had already been deported before a federal judge in California 12 ordered that they be found.
(Retrived from: https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/lawyers-say-they-can-t-find-parents-545-migrant-children-n1244066.)
The word “about”, paragraph 1, line 3, could be properly substituted by:
Questão 45 8541703ESA 2021
Which option has one word out of context?
Questão 33 6312214UNIFIMES 2020
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Smoking damages eyes as well as lungs
Millions of people in the UK are putting their sight at risk by continuing to smoke, warn specialists. Despite the clear connection, only one in five people recognise that smoking can lead to blindness, a poll for the Association of Optometrists (AOP) finds. Smokers are twice as likely to lose their sight compared with non-smokers.
That is because tobacco smoke can cause and worsen a number of eye conditions. Cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals that can irritate and harm the eyes. For example, heavy metals, such as lead and copper, can collect in the lens - the transparent bit that sits behind the pupil and brings rays of light into focus - and lead to cataracts, where the lens becomes cloudy.
Smoking can make diabetes-related sight problems worse by damaging blood vessels at the back of the eye (the retina). In the poll of 2,006 adults, 18% correctly said that smoking increased the risk of blindness or sight loss, while three-quarters (76%) knew smoking was linked to cancer. The AOP says stopping or avoiding smoking is one of the best steps you can take to protect your vision, along with having regular sight checks.
(www.bbc.com, 02.07.2019. Adaptado.)
No trecho do segundo parágrafo “where the lens becomes cloudy”, a palavra sublinhada pode ser substituída, sem perda de sentido, por
Questão 32 6445111UNIMES 2018
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Brazilian doctors use fish skin to treat burn victims
Researchers in Brazil are experimenting with a new treatment for severe burns using the skin of tilapia fish, an unorthodox procedure they say can ease the pain of victims and cut medical costs. Frozen pig skin and even human tissue have long been placed on burns to keep them moist and allow the transfer of collagen, a protein that promotes healing.
Brazil’s public hospitals, however, lack human and pig skin supplies and the artificial alternatives easily available in Western countries. Instead, gauze bandage, which needs regular changing – often painfully – is the norm. Tilapia is abundant in Brazil’s rivers and fish farms, which are expanding rapidly as demand grows for the mildly flavored freshwater fish.
Scientists at the Federal University of Ceara in northern Brazil have found that tilapia skin has moisture, collagen and disease resistance at levels comparable to human skin, and can aid in healing. In China, researchers have tested tilapia skin on rodents to study its healing properties, but scientists in Brazil say their trials are the first on humans.
“The use of tilapia skin on burns is unprecedented,” said Odorico de Morais, a professor at Ceara University. “The fish skin is usually thrown away, so we are using this product to convert it into something of social benefit.” The tilapia treatment can speed up healing by several days and reduces the need for pain medication, the Brazilian researchers say
The fish skin has high levels of collagen type 1, stays moist longer than gauze, and does not need to be changed frequently. Morais said that the tilapia skin treatment costs 75 percent less than the sulfadiazine cream typically used on burn patients in Brazil, as it is a cheap fish-farming waste product. The researchers hope the treatment will prove commercially viable and encourage businesses to process tilapia skin for medical use.
(Paulo Whitaker e Pablo Garcia. www.reuters.com, 25.05.2017. Adaptado.)
In the excerpt from the first paragraph “an unorthodox procedure”, the word in bold can be replaced, without changing the meaning of the sentence, by
Questão 91 100902ENEM PPL 2° Dia 2013
Placas como a da gravura são usadas para orientar os usuários de um espaço urbano. Essa placa, especificamente, tem a função de avisar que somente