Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
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Questão 7 6026864UNICAMP 1° Fase 2022
Gaslighting is a form of psychological abuse where a person or group makes someone question their sanity, perception of reality, or memories. People experiencing gaslighting often feel confused, anxious, and unable to trust themselves. The term gaslighting derives from the 1938 play and 1944 film “Gaslight”, in which a husband manipulates his wife into thinking she has a mental illness by dimming their gas-fueled lights and telling her she is hallucinating. While anyone can experience gaslighting, it is especially common in intimate relationships and in social interactions where there is an imbalance of power. A person who is on the receiving end of this behavior is experiencing abuse.
(Disponível em https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/signs-of-gaslig hting. Acessado em 02/06/2021.)
Assinale o depoimento feminino que ilustra a prática discutida no texto.
(Alternativas adaptadas de https://brasil.elpais.com/brasil/2017/09/15/internacio nal/1505472042_655999.html; https://revistamarieclaire.globo.com/Comportame nto/noticia/2019/03; https://emais.estadao.com.br/noticias/comportamento,voca bulario-feminista-conheca-dez-termos-importantes-para-o-movimento,70 002805 322; https://www.justificando.com/2017/11/16/meu-cerebro-minhas-ideias/.)
Questão 1 3636130Albert Einstein 2021
Examine o cartum de Leo Cullum, publicado no Instagram da revista The New Yorker em 20.01.2020.
Depreende-se do cartum que
Questão 19 3639122ACAFE Verão Medicina 2021
When it comes to looking inedible the squid
goes all out. Tentacles, suckers, big blobby eyes,
anything to help communicate the message
"Do not eat me, under any circumstances".
 There's even a beak in there somewhere.
It's really more threat than feast.
Which got us thinking. What on earth
was the first person to eat squid doing?
Who in their right mind could look at
 raw squid and say, "That's the snack for me"?!?
TO THE VISIONARY WHO FIRST SAW
TENTACLED BRAIN SACS
AND THOUGHT "LUNCH".
What a weirdo. What a hero.
 Because as we know, squid just happens
to be one of life's greatest pleasures:
chargrilled squid salad, chilli squid linguine,
crisp calamari dunked in mayo...
So we'd like to say a heartfelt
 thank you to the first person to eat squid.
And to all the food pioneers who boldly
ate what none had eaten before -
giving those funny-looking foods
the chance to be delicious.
(Source: https://www.adforum.com/award-organization/6650183/showcase/2017/ad/34548009 retrieved on September26, 2019)
What does the adjective inedible mean in line1?
Questão 62 3646280FUVEST 2021
Leia os provérbios:
1. Don't count your chickens before they lay eggs.
2. Don't bite the hand that feeds you.
3. Every cloud has a silver lining.
A alternativa que melhor expressa a ideia contida em cada um dos três provérbios, na ordem em que aparecem, é:
Questão 45 4000731FMJ 2021
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
What Does It Mean to Tear Down a Statue?
Protesters throwing the statue of the slave trader Edward Colston into a harbour.
Statues of historical figures, including slave traders and Christopher Columbus, are being toppled throughout the U.S. and around the world. This follows years of debate about public display of Confederate symbols. We interviewed the art historian Erin L. Thompson about the topic. Read the excerpt from the interview.
Q. What are some of the issues that arise when we talk about statues being torn down?
A. We have as humans been making monuments to glorify people and ideas since we started making art, and since we started making statues, other people have torn them down. So it’s not surprising that we are seeing people rebelling against ideas that are represented by these statues today.
Q. What do the recent attacks on statues tell us about the protests themselves?
A. The current attacks on statues are a sign that what’s in question is not just our future but our past, as a nation, as a society. These attacks show that we need to question the way we understand the world, even the past, in order to get to a better future.
Q. What’s a statue?
A. I think a statue is a bid for immortality. It’s a way of solidifying an idea and making it present to other people. It’s not the statues themselves but the point of view that they represent. And these [the ones being destroyed] are statues in public places, right? So these are statues claiming that this version of history is the public version of history.
Also, many Confederate statues are made out of bronze, a metal that you can melt down. The ancient Greeks made their major monuments out of bronze. Hardly any of these survived because as soon as regimes changed, as soon as there was war, it got melted down and made into money or a statue of somebody else.
We have been in a period of peace and prosperity — not peace for everybody, but the U.S. hasn’t been invaded, we’ve had enough money to maintain statues. So our generation thinks of public art as something that will always be around. But this is a very ahistorical point of view. I wish that what is happening now with statues being torn down didn’t have to happen this way. But there have been peaceful protests against many of these statues which have come to nothing. So if people lose hope in the possibility of a peaceful resolution, they’re going to find other means.
(www.nytimes.com, 11.06.2020. Adaptado.)
O trecho “the point of view that they represent”, no contexto da resposta à terceira pergunta, pode corresponder, em português, a:
Questão 49 4008223FMJ 2021
Leia a tirinha para responder à questão.
1Goalie: a player who defends the goal.
2Hope Solo: the name of an American soccer goalie.
The humour effect of the comic strip is based mainly on the fact that
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