Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 34 6705906UNIFAE 2022
Leia o infográfico para responder a questão.
In the excerpt from fact number 2 “may not actually be extinct” the underlined word was used to indicate
Questão 18 7436165FAMERP 2022
Leia o infográfico para responder a questão.
As informações apresentadas pelo infográfico constituem uma representação visual de
Questão 25 4060905UNIFESP 2021
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Remember the good old days, when you could have a heated-yet-enjoyable debate with your friends about things that didn’t matter that much — times when you could be a true fan of the Manchester United soccer team when you didn’t come from the city of Manchester?
How things have changed.
Now disagreements feel deadly serious. Like when your colleague pronounces that wearing a face mask in public is a threat to his liberty. Or when you see that one of your friends has just tweeted that, actually, all lives matter. Before you know it, you’re feeling angry and forming harsh new judgments about your colleagues and friends. Let’s take a collective pause and breathe: there are some ways we can all try to have more civil disagreements in this febrile age of culture wars.
1. ‘Coupling’ and ‘decoupling’
The first is to consider how inclined people are to ‘couple’ or ‘decouple’ topics involving wider political and social factors. Swedish data analyst John Nerst has used the terms to describe the contrasting ways in which people approach contentious issues. Those of us more inclined to ‘couple’ see them as inextricably related to a broader matrix of factors, whereas those more predisposed to ‘decouple’ prefer to consider an issue in isolation. To take a crude example, a decoupler might consider in isolation the question of whether a vaccine provides a degree of immunity to a virus; a coupler, by contrast, would immediately see the issue as inextricably entangled in a mesh of factors, such as pharmaceutical industry power and parental choice.
Most of us are deeply committed to our beliefs, especially concerning moral and social issues, such that when we’re presented with facts that contradict our beliefs, we often choose to dismiss those facts, rather than update our beliefs.
A study at Arizona State University, U.S., analysed more than 100,000 comments on a forum where users post their views on an issue and invite others to persuade them to change their mind. The researchers found that regardless of the kind of topic, people were more likely to change their mind when confronted with more evidence-based arguments. “Our work may suggest that while attitude change is hard-won, providing facts, statistics and citations for one’s arguments can convince people to change their minds,” they concluded.
3. Just be nicer?
Finally, it’s easier said than done, but let’s all try to be more respectful of and attentive to each other’s positions. We should do this not just for virtuous reasons, but because the more we create that kind of a climate, the more open-minded and intellectually flexible we will all be inclined to be. And then hopefully, collectively, we can start having more constructive disagreements — even in our present very difficult times.
(Christian Jarrett. www.bbc.com, 14.10.2020. Adaptado.)
A afirmação da figura que melhor dialoga com o conteúdo do último parágrafo do texto de Christian Jarrett é:
Questão 30 6324169UNICENTRO 2021
Read text and answer question.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a booklet entitled “Getting your workforce ready for Covid-19”. The eight-page document is organized by topics and in one of them, it is possible to read as follows:
Promote regular and thorough hand-washing by employees, contractors and customers:
a. Put sanitizing hand rub dispensers in prominent places around the workplace;
b. Make sure these dispensers are regularly refilled;
c. Display posters promoting hand-washing – ask your local public health authority for these or look on www.WHO.int;
d. Combine this with other communication measures such as offering guidance from occupational health and safety officers, briefings at meetings and information on the intranet to promote hand-washing;
e. Make sure that staff, contractors and customers have access to places where they can wash their hands with soap and water;
f. Why? Because washing kills the virus on your hands and prevents the spread of Covid-19.
(Retrived from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/getting-workplace-ready-for-covid-19.pdf)
The statement letter “f” has the following purpose:
Questão 51 2596458FIP-Moc Medicina 2020/1
It’s inferred that:
Questão 2 3643109ENEM 1° Dia 2020
Os recursos usados nesse pôster de divulgação de uma campanha levam o leitor a refletir sobre a necessidade de