Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
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Questão 4 3670862ENEM Digital 1° Dia 2020
A observação dos elementos verbais e visuais do anúncio leva-nos à compreensão de que o objetivo da companhia de abastecimento de água de Denver é
Questão 9 1302728EBMSP 2019
According to this quote by Martin Luther King Jr.
Questão 17 1407927UEMA 2019
Leia o texto a seguir para responder à questão.
Supermodel Gisele Búndchen took to Instagram on Wednesday to announce her new book, “Lessons: My Path to a Meaningful Life; sharing series of photos from her childhood, modeling career and family.
In this tell-all book, she tells about her life and the lessons she learned along the way. “Im excited to announce the publication of my book, “Lessons: My Path to a Meaningful Life” Looking back on some of the experiences I have lived through these past 37 years, what I've learned, the values that guided me and the tools that have helped me become who | am, has been a profound and transformative experience” the 37-year-old star wrote
“I'm happy I get to share with you my journey through many of the ups and downs that made me who I am today!” she concluded. Bundchen began her modeling career at the age of 14. Since then, she has appeared in more than 2000 magazine covers, 600 campaign ads, and walked in over 800 fashion shows for the top brands in the world. She was the highest paid supermodel for 15 years and decided to retire from the runway in 2015. She's married to the famous quarterback, Tom Brady, and has two children, son Benjamin, 8, and daughter Vivian,5.
O fragmento que apresenta a quantidade de filhos de Gisele Bündchen é o seguinte:
Questão 6 1440036UNICAMP 2020
To me, science is one way of connecting with the mystery of existence. And if you think of it that way, the mystery of existence is something that we have wondered about ever since people began asking questions about who we are and where we come from. So while those questions are now part of scientific research, they are much, much older than science. I’m talking about science as part of a much grander and older sort of questioning about who we are in the big picture of the universe. To me, as a theoretical physicist and also someone who spends time out in the mountains, this sort of questioning offers a deeply spiritual connection with the world, through my mind and through my body. Einstein would have said the same thing, I think, with his cosmic religious feeling.
Marcelo Gleiser, March 20, 2019.
(Adaptado de https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/atheism-is-inconsistent-with-the-scien tific-method-prizewinning-physicist-says/?redirect=1. Acessado em 15/05/2019.)
Qual das frases abaixo mais se aproxima das palavras de Gleiser reproduzidas acima?
Questão 41 607423ESPM 2019/1
How James Brown Made Black Pride a Hit
It’s been 50 years since he wrote “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud,” a song that is still necessary.
By Randall Kennedy
In the gym at Paul Junior High School in Washington, D.C., in the spring of 1968, not that long before the assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., I asked a buddy whether he was interested in a certain girl. He told me that he was not because she was too dark.
He and I were African-American. (Then we would have called ourselves Negro.) So was she. All of us supported the Civil Rights Movement and idolized Dr. King, yet I did not hold my friend’s colorstruck judgment against him. And he did not state his opinion with embarrassment. We had both internalized our society’s derogation of blackness.
Indeed, we luxuriated in the denigration, spending hours trading silly, recycled but revealing insults: “Yo mama so black, she blend in with the chalkboard.” “Yeah, well, yo mama so black, she sweats chocolate.”
It was precisely because of widespread colorism that James Brown’s anthem “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud” posed a challenge, felt so exhilarating, and resonated so powerfully. It still does. Much has changed over the past half century. But, alas, the need to defend blackness against derision continues.
Various musicians in the 1960s tapped into yearnings for black assertiveness, autonomy and solidarity. Curtis Mayfield and the Impressions sang “We’re a Winner.” Sly and the Family Stone offered “Stand.” Sam Cooke (and Aretha Franklin and Otis Redding) performed “A Change is Gonna Come.” But no entertainer equaled Brown’s vocalization of African-Americans’ newly triumphal sense of self-acceptance.
That Brown created the song most popularly associated with the Black is Beautiful movement is ironic. He generally stayed away from protest, endorsed the presidential re-election of Richard Nixon, lavishly praised Ronald Reagan, and consistently lauded Strom Thurmond.
His infrequent sallies into politics usually sounded in patriotic, lift-yourselfup-ism. In the song “America is My Home,” he proclaimed without embarrassment that the United States “is still the best country / And that’s without a doubt.” Alluding to his own trajectory, he challenged dissenters to name any other country in which a person could start out as a poor shoeshine boy but end up as a wealthy celebrity shaking hands with the president.
At the very time that in “Say It Loud,” Brown seemed to be affirming Negritude, he also sported a “conk” — a distinctive hairdo that involved chemically removing kinkiness on the way to creating a bouffant of straightened hair. Many AfricanAmerican political activists, especially those with a black nationalist orientation, decried the conk as an illustration of racial self-hatred. For a brief period, Brown abandoned the conk and adopted an Afro, but that was only temporary. The conk was part of the characteristic look of “The Godfather of Soul.”
Even though by 1968 uprisings against white supremacism had been erupting for a decade with great intensity and success — the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Children’s’ Crusade in Birmingham, the protest against disenfranchisement in Selma — prejudice against blackness remained prevalent, including among African-Americans.
Champions of African-American uplift in the 1960s sought to liberate blackness from the layers of contempt, fear, and hatred with which it had been smeared for centuries. Brown’s anthem poignantly reflected the psychic problem it sought to address. People secure in their status don’t feel compelled to trumpet their pride. At the same time “Say it Loud!” was a rousing instance of a reclamation that took many forms. Instead of celebrating light skin, thin lips, and “good” (i.e., straight) hair, increasing numbers of African-Americans began valorizing dark skin, thick lips and “bad” (i.e., kinky) hair.
The reclamation of blackness in the sixties made tremendous headway quickly. By 1970 my friend would not have dared to repeat out loud what he had told me unapologetically two years before. Here, as elsewhere, however, changes wrought by the black liberation movement, though impressive, were only partial. Nearly four decades after the release of “Say It Loud,” Professors Jennifer Hochschild and Vesla Weaver, having synthesized the pertinent academic literature, declared authoritatively that compared to their lighter-skinned counterparts, dark-skinned blacks continue to be burdened by lower levels of education, income, and job status. They receive longer prison sentences and are less likely to own homes or to marry. Filmmakers, advertisers, modeling agencies, dating websites and other key gatekeepers demonstrate repeatedly the ongoing pertinence of the old saw: If you’re black get back. If you’re brown, stick around. If you’re white you’re alright.
Intraracial colorism in Black America is often seen as a topic that should, if possible, be avoided, especially in “mixed company.” That sense of embarrassment three decades ago prompted officials at Morehouse College to demand that Spike Lee cease filming on campus once they learned that his movie was exposing, among other things, black collegiate colorism. The impulse toward avoidance remains strong
With racial prejudice against all African-Americans still a potent force, many would just as soon ditch the discussion of “black on black” complexional bias. Colorism, however, remains a baleful reality
Half a century after James Brown’s proclamation, it remains imperative to assert what should have been assumed and uncontroversial all along: that black is beautiful and as worthy of pride and care and consideration as any other hue.
(Adapted from: www.nytimes.com, 20/07/2018)
An important idea brought by the text is that James Brown’s song “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud” was a milestone in the defense of:
Questão 1 184479ITA 2018
As questões de 1 a 6 referem-se ao texto a seguir:
GOODBYE THINGS, HELLO MINIMALISM: CAN LIVING WITH LESS MAKE YOU HAPPIER?
Fumio Sasaki owns a roll-up mattress, three shirts and four pairs of socks. After deciding to scorn possessions, he began feeling happier. He explains why.
 Let me tell you a bit about myself. I’m 35 years old, male, single, never been married. I work as an
editor at a publishing company. I recently moved from the Nakameguro neighbourhood in Tokyo, where I
lived for a decade, to a neighbourhood called Fudomae in a different part of town. The rent is cheaper, but
the move pretty much wiped out my savings.
 Some of you may think that I’m a loser: an unmarried adult with not much money. The old me would
have been way too embarrassed to admit all this. I was filled with useless pride. But I honestly don’t care
about things like that any more. The reason is very simple: I’m perfectly happy just as I am. The reason? I got
rid of most of my material possessions.
Minimalism is a lifestyle in which you reduce your possessions to the least possible. Living with only
 the bare essentials has not only provided superficial benefits such as the pleasure of a tidy room or the
simple ease of cleaning, it has also led to a more fundamental shift. It’s given me a chance to think about
what it really means to be happy.
We think that the more we have, the happier we will be. We never know what tomorrow might bring, so
we collect and save as much as we can. This means we need a lot of money, so we gradually start judging
 people by how much money they have. You convince yourself that you need to make a lot of money so you
don’t miss out on success. And for you to make money, you need everyone else to spend their money. And
so it goes.
So I said goodbye to a lot of things, many of which I’d had for years. And yet now I live each day with a
happier spirit. I feel more content now than I ever did in the past.
 I wasn’t always a minimalist. I used to buy a lot of things, believing that all those possessions would
increase my self-worth and lead to a happier life. I loved collecting a lot of useless stuff, and I couldn’t throw
anything away. I was a natural hoarder of knick-knacks that I thought made me an interesting person.
At the same time, though, I was always comparing myself with other people who had more or better
things, which often made me miserable. I couldn’t focus on anything, and I was always wasting time. Alcohol
 was my escape, and I didn’t treat women fairly. I didn’t try to change; I thought this was all just part of who I
was, and I deserved to be unhappy.
My apartment wasn’t horribly messy; if my girlfriend was coming over for the weekend, I could do
enough tidying up to make it look presentable. On a usual day, however, there were books stacked
everywhere because there wasn’t enough room on my bookshelves. Most I had thumbed through once or
 twice, thinking that I would read them when I had the time.
The closet was crammed with what used to be my favourite clothes, most of which I’d only worn a few
times. The room was filled with all the things I’d taken up as hobbies and then gotten tired of. A guitar and
amplifier, covered with dust. Conversational English workbooks I’d planned to study once I had more free
time. Even a fabulous antique camera, which of course I had never once put a roll of film in.
 It may sound as if I’m exaggerating when I say I started to become a new person. Someone said to
me: “All you did is throw things away,” which is true. But by having fewer things around, I’ve started feeling
happier each day. I’m slowly beginning to understand what happiness is.
 If you are anything like I used to be – miserable, constantly comparing yourself with others, or just
believing your life sucks – I think you should try saying goodbye to some of your things. […] Everyone wants
to be happy. But trying to buy happiness only makes us happy for a little while.
Fonte: adaptado de . Acesso em: 21 mai. 2017.
De acordo com o texto, Fumio
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