Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
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Questão 13 4429078UNICAMP 1° Dia 2021
Ao reformular a sua pergunta, o Papai Noel
Questão 3 6084066ENEM 1° Dia 2021
Back in lhe ancestral homeland of Michelle Obama, black women were rarety granted the honorific Miss or Mrs., but were addressed by their first name, or simply as “gal” or “auntie” or worse. This so openly demeaned them that many black women, long after they had left the South, refused to answer if called by their first name. A mother and father in 1970s Texas named their newborm “Miss” so that white people would have no choice but to address their daughter by that title. Black women were meant for the field or the kitchen, or for use as they saw fit. They were, by definition, not ladies. The very idea of a black woman as first lady of the land, well, that would have been unlhinkable.
Disponível em www.nytimes com. Acesso em. 28 dez. 2018 (adaptado)
A critica do livro de memórias de Michelle Obama, ex-primeira-dama dos EUA, aborda a história das relações humanas na cidade natal da autora.
Nesse contexto, o uso do vocábulo "unthinkable" ressalta que
Questão 2 3670846ENEM Digital 1° Dia 2020
Vogue Magazine’s Complicated Relationship with Diversity
Edward Enninful, the new editor-in-chief of British Vogue, has a proven history of addressing diversity that many hope will be the start of an overhaul of the global Vogue brand.
In March, he responded sublimely when US President Donald Trump nominated Supreme Court judge Neil Gorsuch, who allegedly does not care much about civil rights: Enninful styled a shoot for his then employer, the New York-based W magazine, in which a range of ethnically diverse models climb the stairs of an imaginary "Supreme Court". In February, after Trump initiated the much-debated immigration ban, Enninful put together a video showcasing the various fashion celebrities who have immigrated into the US. Even before his first official day in Vogue’s Mayfair offices, Enninful had hired two English superstars of Jamaican descent in an attempt to diversify the team. Model Naomi Campbell and make-up artist Pat McGrath both share Enninful’s aim of championing fashion as a force for social change.
One can only hope that Enninful’s appointment is not a mere blip, but a move in the right direction on a long road to diversity for the global brand.
Disponível em: www.independent.co.uk. Acesso em: 11 ago. 2017 (adaptado).
Considerando-se as características dos trabalhos realizados pelo novo editor-chefe da Vogue inglesa, espera-se que a revista contribua para a
Questão 15 5391291FAG Medicina 2020/1
What makes a successful business person?
Business people who are tops in their feld have a lot in common, and art professionals can learn a lot from their successes and strategies
By Murray Raphel
I have a theory on doing business. If my business is good, it’s not because of the weather, the time of year or the economy. It’s because of me. I’m doing something right. If my business is bad, it’s not because of the weather, the time of the year or the economy. It’s because of me. I’m doing something wrong. Somebody is always buying something from somebody, so how can I make them buy from me?
First of all, you need confdence in yourself and your merchandise with clear goals and knowledge of the products you are selling. Only then can you inspire dedication from your staff and a willingness to buy from customers.
Successful business people, no matter what their industry, have been found to share similar traits. Today’s world is no longer satisfed with simply success – we want to know how the successful get to the top. The Russians developed a concept called “anthropomaximology,” in which they try to answer the question of why some individuals outperform others. Through the years I’ve done some anthropomaximology of my own and found there are certain qualities that describe successful business people. Here are a few:
1) They constantly set higher goals. Successful business people are mountain climbers who, having climbed one peak, look beyond to the next highest. They are the retailers who send 1,500 mailers to their customers and yield a good turnout of 100. But instead of being satisfed with 100, they ask how they can increase that number to 150 the next time. […]
2) They avoid “comfort zones” To a successful person, standing still feels like going backwards. People who stay in their comfort zones do what they did before because it’s “the way we’ve always done it:”[…] They blame any lack of business on the weather, the time of the year, the economy – anything except for themselves. […]
3) They rehearse the future as they see it “I believe our future is a one-stop shop for decorating. In addition to limited-edition prints and posters, we now offer collectibles, gift items and small occasional furniture pieces,” said Christine Knoll of the Art Gallery of Hog Hollow in Chesterfeld, Mo. Successful people move towards the pictures they create in their mind. They can rehearse coming actions or events as they “see” them. […]
Many successful athletes will say they practice “seeing” themselves winning the race, hitting the home run or scoring the touchdown. They actually visualize a future event which gives them the impetus to achieve the goal. […]
The third quality of a successful business person is directly related to successful athletes because:
Questão 51 1866686UnirG 2019/2
Leia o título da resenha crítica sobre o filme Once Upon a Time in Hollywood para responder à questão
Brad Pitt, Leonardo DiCaprio and Margot Robbie star in Quentin Tarantino’s latest film, which premiered at the Cannes Film Festival – but is it any good?
By Nicholas Barber
Disponível em: http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20190522-cannes-2019-reviewonce-upon-a-time-in hollywood. Acesso em: 22 maio 2019.
Qual das seguintes frases da resenha expressa uma opinião do autor do texto?
Questão 16 2654167UNIMONTES 2° Etapa 2018
INSTRUÇÃO: Leia o texto que segue para responder à questão.
How cinema stigmatises mental illness
That depictions of “madness” have been dominated by horror films is revealing of the film industry’s historic insensitivity about mental health, writes Arwa Haider.
You don’t have to be ‘mad’ to be in the movies – but the film industry has generally shown a shaky vision
of mental health. It’s not that cinema evades ‘taboo’ themes here; it’s more that it tends to swing wildly
from sentimentality to sensationalism. Which means that the perspective of Mad to Be Normal, a 1960s-set
biopic of Scottish psychiatrist RD Laing, just out on video on demand (VoD), feels intriguingly new. David
 Tennant stars as Laing: a complex and charismatic figure, who earned fame for his radical, empathetic
treatment of mental illness.
The real-life Laing was sharply quotable (he described insanity as “a perfectly rational adjustment to an
insane world”) and counter-cultural (he argued that traditional society was “driving our children mad”; he
recommended LSD for his adult patients). He also fought personal demons including alcoholism and
 depression. Tennant’s onscreen Laing is impressively joined by Elisabeth Moss, Gabriel Byrne and Michael
Gambon. Still, mainstream cinema struggles with a mental health ‘hero; Mad to Be Normal’s trailer booms:
“To some he’s certifiable… To others he’s a saint”.
Meanwhile on the small screen, there’s a feverish buzz around the imminent Netflix series Maniac (based
on the Norwegian psych ward-set drama of the same name). In the glossy and trippy US show, Emma Stone
 and Jonah Hill star as strangers undergoing a mysterious drug trial that claims to resolve mental health
issues; “It’s not therapy – it’s science,” Maniac’s eerie Dr. Mantleray (Justin Theroux) tells his patients.
Stone explained to Elle magazine:
“The thing I liked about Maniac was that it’s about people who have their own internal struggles and are
trying to fix them with a pill. But you see over the course of the show that human connection and love is
 really the only thing that gets us through life.”
So creative drama is drawn to the complexity and fragility of the mind – but mainstream entertainment still
demands a snappy fix. And the definition of ‘insanity’ is inherently problematic; it’s regarded as an
outmoded medical term. Dr. Ryan Howes writes in ‘Psychology Today’ that “it’s informed by medical
health professionals, but the term today is primarily legal, not psychological” and cites the Law.com
 definition: “mental illness of such a severe nature that a person cannot distinguish fantasy from reality,
cannot conduct her/his affairs due to psychosis, or is subject to uncontrollable impulsive behaviour.”
Yet our mainstream perceptions of ‘madness’ are still fixated with movie scenes – much more emphatically,
in fact, than the novels or memoirs on which they might be based. A classic film like One Flew Over the
Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) seals the impression of a soul-destroying psychiatric asylum, where livewire convict
 RP McMurphy (Jack Nicholson) feigns insanity to escape prison labour – yet is ultimately crushed by the
system. The dramatic depiction of patient treatment, particularly its brutal electroconvulsive therapy
sequences, had far-reaching impact. In 2011, The Telegraph went so far as to say that the film was
responsible for “irreparably tarnishing the image of ECT… It also catalysed the development of more
effective anti-psychotic drugs that allowed patients to… live , more normal lives.” [...]
Fonte: HAIDER, Arwa. How cinema stigmatises mental illness. Disponível em: http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20180828-how-cinema-stigmatises-mental-illness. Acesso em: 17 set. 2018
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