Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 45 93911PUC-SP Inverno 2015
Dementia campaign to give families open access wins cross-party support
Politicians commit to John's Campaign to allow people 24-hour hospital access to vulnerable patients with dementia, following deluge of support
 A campaign to allow friends and family open access to people with dementia while they are in
hospital has seen a significant victory this weekend with backing from senior politicians. The
Observer-backed campaign has won the
support of health minister Norman Lamb, who
has promised to write to all NHS trusts promoting
the idea, while the shadow health secretary,
Andy Burnham, has committed to strengthening
the NHS constitution on the issue and including it
in Labour's election manifesto.
 “I could have wept with gratitude and relief,” said
novelist Nicci Gerrard, whose experiences with
her father's hospital care led her to launch John's
Campaign. It calls for the families and carers of
people with dementia to be allowed to remain
with them in hospital for as many hours of the day
and night as necessary. The campaign has been
deluged with support, not only from families but
from doctors, nurses and charities working with people with dementia. Several NHS trusts have
agreed to start implementing changes within their own hospitals and letting staff know what is
expected of them.
 Gerrard said cross-party support showed it was not a political issue but one of common sense and
compassion. It is, she writes in the Observer today, “a rare instance where the costs in both
financial and human terms are none and the benefits enormous”.
 More than a quarter of hospital beds in the UK are now occupied by people with dementia. Athird
will never return to their own homes and just under half will leave hospital in a worse condition than
when they entered. Gerrard's father, Dr John Gerrard, who was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in his
70s, deteriorated significantly during his hospital stay last year, something his family felt could
have been avoided had they been allowed to spend more time supporting him while he was there.
 The campaigners, backed by Labour MP Valerie Vaz among others, believe the current NHS
advice to parents with children in hospital that they should stay with their child as much as possible
should also apply to people with dementia, who are often vulnerable and very easily distressed.
 On Wednesday, which is NHS Change Day – a chance for positive changes at grassroots level to
be highlighted more widely – NHS England is organizing what it is calling a “Thunderclap” on
behalf of John's Campaign, across thousands of social media accounts, including Twitter and
Facebook, at 11am.
No parágrafo 5, o conselho do National Health Service (NHS) é que
Questão 42 93727PUC-SP Inverno 2013
Brazil buys 34 German tanks in security drive
ahead of World
By Jeevan Vasagar, Berlin
3:08PM BST 12 Apr 2013 in
 Brazil is buying 34 German anti-aircraft tanks as it beefs up security ahead of hosting the World Cup, the 2016 Olympic Games, and a papal visit.
 The first consignment of Flakpanzer Gepard tanks is due to arrive in the South American country by June. The armour, which has been phased out by the German military in favour of missile systems, is equipped with two 35mm guns.
 Brazil is strengthening internal security and counter-terrorism measures ahead of the World Cup next year and the Olympic Games in 2016.
 Ahead of the sporting events, Pope Francis, the first Latin American head of th Catholic church, is due to visit Rio de Janeiro in July. He will say mass at Copacabana beach, pray at the Christ the Redeemer statue, and attend a Catholic youth festival.
 The Brazilian army officer in command of anti-aircraft artillery, General Marcio Heise, told the G1 news service that the first eight Gepards would arrive in June. They will be deployed in the Brazilian capital, Brasilia, where the Confederations Cup - a prelude to the World Cup - kicks off on June 15, and in Rio de Janeiro, where the tournament ends on June 30, and also for the papal visit.
 Brazil has spent little on defence in recent decades but is now seeking to modernize its armed forces. The country's defence ministry recently announced that it was purchasing surface-to-air missile and artillery batteries from Russia. Brazil is also building five submarines in partnership with France, and plans to replaces its ageing air force.
 The country's air force is thought to be the largest in Latin America, and its tasks include surveillance of the Amazon rainforest, to curb drug trafficking and illegal logging.
 Germany is one of the world's five biggest exporters of arms. Its exports make up 7 percent of the global total, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
No parágrafo 2, o que o Brasil está comprando da Alemanha são tanques
Questão 46 128895Unisinos Inverno 2015
(1) #125Stories, your chance to join in with the Agatha Christie 125th Anniversary celebrations, was ins-
(2) pired by the discovery, in the Agatha Christie Archive, of a collection of very personal letters written to Agatha
(3) Christie throughout the 20th century from fans around the world. Some of these letters are witty and amusing,
(4) while others reveal intimate details of daily lives. Others still provide the modern day reader with an insight into
(5) the political situation of post-war Europe, of the Iron Curtain, and of how Christie’s books provided escapism for
(6) those in the most desperate of conditions.
(7) These letter writers took the time to let Agatha Christie know how important she was in their own lives –
(8) and now you too can share your stories of how the world’s most famous crime writer changed your life.
(9) What story should you share?
(10) Maybe you acted in a play once, and something went wrong on stage…
(11) Perhaps you were inspired to write after reading her novels…Have you ever written a screen play after
(12) watching Poirot on tv?…
(13) Or maybe Agatha Christie herself has been your inspiration – as a traveller, a surfer, an archaeologist, a
(14) musician, a wife, mother, daughter…
(15) Whatever it is, we want to know.
(16) And if you tell us your story, you’ll be in with the chance of being selected to have it exhibited in Septem-
(17) ber at the International Agatha Christie Festival in Torquay, England, as one of 125 Stories.
(18) We’ll be running #125Stories for the whole of 2015 – so if you are not selected for the exhibition but want
(19) to share your experiences of the September birthday celebrations and the rest of the year with us, then you’ll
(20) be able to right up until Christmas.
(21) Take the time to read others’ stories too – you never know what you might uncover.
(Disponível em http://125stories.com/feed/collection/94793. Acesso em 30 abr. 2015. Adaptação.)
O texto acima pode ser entendido, principalmente, como um convite a:
Questão 12 92789PUC-Rio 1° Dia - Tarde - G(1 - 3 - 4) 2010
NEW YORK TIMES’ POLICY ON FACEBOOK AND
OTHER SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES
 From PoynterOnline, advice by The New York Times’
assistant managing editor who oversees journalist
standards on using Facebook. Here’s the idea: you’re
always representing your employer and what you say
 and do […] can shape perceptions in unpredictable and
potentially adverse ways.
Facebook and other social networking sites —
MySpace, LinkedIn, even Twitter — can be remarkably
useful reporting tools, as the Virginia Tech shooting in
 2007 proved. As we’ve discovered from the experts on
our staff, Facebook pages often tell a lot about a person’s
work, interests, friends, and thoughts, and, as one page
leads or links to another, Facebook can help reporters
do triangulation on difficult-to-research subjects. What
 people write on Facebook sites is publicly available
information, like anything posted on any site that is not
But there are a few things to be careful about,
 One of them is that outsiders can read your Facebook
page, and that personal blogs and “tweets” represent
you to the outside world just as much as an 800-word
article does. If you have or are getting a Facebook page,
leave blank the section that asks about your political
 views, in accordance with the Ethical Journalism
admonition to do nothing that might cast doubt on your
or The Times’s political impartiality in reporting the news.
Remember that although you might get useful leads by
joining a group on one of these sites, it will appear on
 your page, connoting that you “joined” it — potentially
complicated if it is a political group, or a controversial
Be careful not to write anything on a blog or a
personal Web page that you could not write in The Times
 — don’t editorialize, for instance, if you work for the News
Department. Anything you post online can and might be
publicly disseminated, and can be twisted to be used
against you by those who wish you or The Times ill —
whether it’s text, photographs, or video. That includes
 things you recommend on TimesPeople or articles you
post to Facebook and Digg, content you share with
friends on MySpace, and articles you recommend
through TimesPeople. It can also include things posted
by outside parties to your Facebook page, so keep an
 eye on what appears there. Just remember that we are
always under scrutiny by magnifying glass and that the
possibilities of digital distortion are virtually unlimited,
so always ask yourself, could this be deliberately
misconstrued or misunderstood by somebody who wants
 to make me look bad?
Reporters can ask questions by e-mail using
addresses found on Facebook, of course, but the same
rules that apply to telephone contacts (or personal
contacts) apply. “The Times treats news sources just
 as fairly and openly as it treats readers,” Ethical
Journalism says. “We do not inquire pointlessly into
someone’s personal life.” Approaching minors by e-mail
or by telephone, or in person, to ask about their or their
parents’ private lives or friends is a particularly sensitive
 area. Depending on the circumstances, it may not be
advisable. In every case, reporters and editors should
first consult with the Standards Editor before going ahead
with such inquiries.
By Matt Armstrong PoynterOnline, May 4, 2009 Disponível em http://mountainrunner.us/2009/05/nyt_facebook_policy.html (with slight adaptations)
Journalists like to use Facebook and other similar sites (lines 7-17) because: