Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
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Questão 1 312659ENEM 2ª Aplicação - 1° Dia 2017
A proposta da capa da revista, associando aspectos verbais e visuais, transmite a seguinte mensagem:
Questão 23 1594081Unit-AL Medicina 1° Dia 2019/1
Bizarre tales of people cooking, wandering
outdoors, and even driving around while fast asleep
are part of a phenomenon known as somnambulism,
or sleepwalking. While your natural inclination might
 be to wake up someone who is fumbling around in a
daze, it’s commonly thought that this could be
Dr. Mark Mahowald, a sleep specialist at Stanford
University, says that, while it wouldn’t necessarily hurt
 to try to wake a sleepwalker, it’s notoriously difficult to
rouse them in this state. Rousing a sleepwalking person,
especially vigorously, might confuse or distress them
temporarily. Disoriented, they may strike out at anyone
close. “Best thing you can do is turn them around and
 send them back to bed. It is not likely that a sleepwalker
when woken up suddenly will have a cardiac event. It
is no different from when a person sleeping normally is
suddenly awakened by, say, a loud noise. The important
thing is to protect a sleepwalker from themselves.
 While still somewhat stigmatized, sleepwalking
is incredibly common. Actually, between 1 percent
and 15 percent of the United States population
sleepwalks, and almost all children have had
sleepwalking episodes, according to The National Sleep
 Foundation.”Sleepwalking is part of the human
condition,” Mahowald said. “It is absolutely not
associated with psychiatric disorders.”
People who sleepwalk tend to have no memory
of the episode, Mahowald explained. This is
 because the behaviors take place without conscious
awareness — they originate from the brain’s central
pattern generator, where the neural pathways for
learned and heavily practiced movements are stored.
For this reason, you won’t find a sleepwalker playing
 the piano if that person has no prior musical training or
speaking a language they don’t already know, he said.
GOLDBAUM, Kate. Disponível em: https://www.livescience.com/ 55332-should-you-wake-a-sleepwalker.html.Acesso em: 1 nov. 2018. Adaptado.
Waking up a sleepwalking person briskly may cause them to _______
According to the text, the only alternative that does not complete this sentence correctly is
Questão 21 1767924EN 2° Dia 2018
Based on the text below, answer question that follow it.
Doctors Know Best
By Ted Spiker
Along with all the disease stomping, heart reviving, baby delivering, and overall people healing they do, doctors have another full-time job: keeping themselves healthy. Scratch that - keeping themselves healthiest. So instead of peeking into their medical practices, we looked at what they actually practice - in their own lives. Use personal strategies and insider tips from the best medical pros to supercharge your health this year.
“As soon as I feel an ilness coming on, I go to sleep for at least nine hours," says Hilda Hutcherson, MD, clinical professor of ob-gyn at Columbia University Medical Center. "I also lie on the floor with my legs elevated and propped against the wall and breathe deeply for five minutes.” It helps lower stress, which weakens the immune system.
Instead of having a garden-variety green salad, Margaret McKenzie, MD, assistant professor of surgery at the Cleveland Clinic, tosses napa cabbage, radicchio, edamame, and carrots with ginger-soy dressing. "lt gives me a lot of vitamins, antioxidants, and protein and makes me feel full,' she says.
[...] Gary Small, MD, professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, and author of The Alzheimer's Prevention Program, plays Scrabble and Words With Friends on his smartphone most days. These word games are perfect brain boosters, because they build not only verbal and math skills but also spatial abilities as you position letters to create words. “Combining several mental tasks strengthens multiple neural circuits," Dr. Small says. "lt's like cross-training for your brain."
Make your bedroom spalike: Dim the lights at least an hour before you go to bed; ban cell phones, laptops, and the TV; ask your partner for a foot rub. "I do deep breathing exercises," Dr. Hutcherson says. "Sometimes I play. relaxing music softly."
The most important meal is breakfast, says David Katz, MD, director and founder of Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center in Derby, Connecticut. He often has two breakfasts, divvying up his morning meal so that he eats half before his workout and half after. "lt helps with portion control, and it establishes a daily eating pattern," Dr. Katz says. Plan your breakfast at night to start the next day on a healthy note.
(Abridged from https ://www.fitnessmagazine.com/health/doctors-tips-to-I stay-healthy/)
The headlines below have been removed from the text and replaced by (I), (II), (II), (IV) and (V). Number them to indicate the order they must appear to complete the text correctly.
Then mark the option that contains the right sequence.
( ) Fuel up for the day
( ) Take a time out
( ) Stay sharp
( ) Eatextra veggies
( ) Sleep easier
Questão 15 403308Mackenzie 2018/1
One fateful summer evening, I hurried home from work, eager to catch up on “Game of Thrones.” I don’t have cable, so I often watch my shows a day or two after they air, usually via some streaming service or an app. At the time, I had become an obsessive avoider of spoilers, the kind of person who stayed off Instagram and Twitter during live episodes of popular shows, even going so far as to turn off notifications to avoid reading about a reveal or twist that would ruin a surprise.
That night, blissfully unaware of what was to come, I switched on my television, expecting to be greeted with the medieval tones and threedimensional map of Westeros that signal the show’s start. Instead, I was confronted by a massacre: This episode was “The Rains of Castamere”, popularly known as the Red Wedding. Some friends and I shared an account, so the episode began where the previous person stopped watching, at the precise moment a pregnant character is stabbed in the stomach. I felt as if I had been stabbed in the stomach. I had invested nearly 30 hours into one of the biggest buildups of modern television only to have it — and my preciousness about spoilers — ruined.
The celebrated film critic Pauline Kael once wrote that movies function as escape pods, portals to parallel universes that can be radically different from emotional norms and societal conditioning of our own. What she meant was they parceled out freedom, allowing viewers to lose their selves in an effort to find greater connection to the self. “A good movie can make you feel alive again, in contact, not just lost in another city,” she wrote in 1969.
Since then, movies — and now, increasingly, television shows — have become even more intense and immersive, ensuring that we lose ourselves more freely in them. Today’s directors aim for attention totality in order to capture easily distracted audiences. A 2015 study conducted in part by James Cutting, a psychologist at Cornell University found that filmmakers have adapted their shooting styles to try to keep up with changes in our attention spans. And maybe it works — for adrenaline junkies. But losing myself in a film almost guarantees an anxiety attack. Most times, at the movies, my stress levels are ratcheted up so high that I can barely sit through the full production without excusing myself, clutching people next to me or crawling out of my seat, incapacitated by the unknown.
Yet I love TV and movies, so in order to keep watching, I started spoiling them for myself. Spoilers have become a virtual Xanax, triggering a relaxing sensation that envelops my entire body – luckily, the internet has made my habit easy. I’m not a total barbarian: I never divulge endings or let on that I know them. There’s even some evidence that the audience’s enjoyment is heightened when they have a sense of what’s going to happen. Once I’m clued in, I can actually let myself be spirited away, as the directors and screenwriters intended, enjoying the things I’m normally too wired to enjoy. The more films and TV shows I spoil for myself, the more I am convinced that truly interesting stories can’t be ruined — the plot thickens with the viewing like a rich sauce.
Kael wrote that “when we go to the movies, we want something good, something sustained, we don’t want to settle for just a bit of something, because we have other things to do.” This is what entertainment has most to offer. My only condition is doing it without raising my blood pressure.
Source: The NYT Magazine, Feb., 2018.
In the sentence “I felt as if I had been stabbed in the stomach”, we should understand the narrator meant that:
Questão 21 132534Albert Einstein 2017/1
Bread Is Better Than Ever
Thirty years ago, Americans lived on processed White bread, and it was almost impossible to find a fresh baguette or a loaf of sourdough. My friend Eli Zabar began baking fresh breads in a brick oven in the basement of this store E.A.T. on Madison Avenue in New York City, and now there are extraordinary artisanal bakers in cities and towns all across America. Even better, bakers like Dan Barber at Blue Hill at Stone Barns now grow and seek out heirloom wheat and use it to make bread that is not only delicious but good for you too.
This appears in the July 11, 2016 issue of TIME.
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