Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 14 309470UFVJM 2017/2
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CITIES DRIVE ANIMALS AND PLANTS TO EVOLVE
Species are adapting to urban pollution, traffic and shrinking habitats through changes in their genes
By Sharon Oosthoek - Apr 6, 2017
Ever seen a raccoon open a trash can in search of leftovers? Or walk across power lines to get from one rooftop to another? If so, you've witnessed an animal adapting its behavior to city life. That's been going on since people started building cities thousands of years ago. Now, biologists are seeing signs that animals and plants are also adapting in a more basic way to survive in cities. Their genes are changing.
Genes are segments of DNA that influence how an organism looks and functions. An animal or plant’s DNA is like an instruction book for how it develops and grows. Some instructions guide its reproductive habits. Others influence the way it moves. Still others might let it withstand poison. Urban pollution, traffic and shrinking wild spaces have been causing changes in these genetic instructions. And scientists have been tracking more and more signs of these genetic changes.
When genes change in response to their environment, it’s called evolution. Some of those changes may leave animals and plants better suited to their homes. It may offer new traits that increase the odds of surviving long enough to reproduce. This means the individuals will pass on these new traits to their offspring. Eventually, traits that had once been rare can now become common throughout a population.
Fonte: <https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/cities-drive-animals-and-plants-evolve> Acesso: 06/06/2017.
De acordo com o texto, o comportamento de animais e plantas tem se modificado ao longo do tempo devido:
Questão 1 312659ENEM 2ª Aplicação - 1° Dia 2017
A proposta da capa da revista, associando aspectos verbais e visuais, transmite a seguinte mensagem:
Questão 35 123619UNICAMP 2016
The Future of Food
SCENARIO PLANNING TRAINING
What will we eat?
Where will our food come from?
Will we all have enough?
Using the global system as a backdrop, expert scenario
practitioners will help you apply the methodology that
systematically imagines multiple futures and their risks and
START ONLINE, THEN COME TO STANFORD UNIVERSITY
Application deadline AUGUST 3, 2015
Online content opens August 10, 2015
Onsite Immersion at Stanford Sept.28-Oct.1, 2015
Apply now at WORLDVIEW.STANFORD.EDU
SPACE LIMITED TO 32 PARTICIPANTS
(Adaptado de Stanford Magazine, July/August 2015, p.3.)
O texto anuncia um
Questão 41 134262FAAP 2016
According to the newspaper page:
Questão 46 111684UEMA 2012
Not far from the tree
By Mariana de Viveiros
They say the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree. So, the son of a circus performer is likely to be also an artist himself. 12-year-old Matheus Felipe Jesus Silva was born in the circus. That is, ever since he was a baby, he’s lived in a trailer (a mobile home pulled by a car or a truck). His mother is a ballet dancer at CircoSpacial, where Matheus himself is also a performer since the age of 3. He started doing presentations with clowns and nowadays he is a trapeze artist (just like his dad, who works in Europe), equilibrist and acrobat.
As the circus travels all over Brazil, Matheus changes schools very often. He studies in the morning, has rehearsals in the afternoon and, at weekends, he performs in the circus ring. He says that this routine doesn’t disturb his studies and he wants to graduate in Physical Education. “But I want to work in the circus forever.” On account of the mobility of his life and his outgoing nature, Matheus makes new friends wherever he goes and keeps in touch with them through the internet. “Kids think that I have a peculiar way of life and come to the circus to watch my show,” he adds. On his days off, he likes to go to the movies, to the mall and to shows. Read on to see his favorite film, book, CD and website.
Revista TAM Kids, julho/agosto 2011.
What does Matheus’ father do for a living?
Questão 15 7217610PUC-Campinas Demais Cursos 2022
Cynthia Fuchs Epstein
The Betrayal of the American Man by Susan Faludi, William Morrow & Co., 1999 662 pp. $27.50
Scores of men, their wives and partners, friends and kin, and the sharks that have exploited them come alive through Faludi’s keen reporting. The men she writes about are presented as prototypes of the generation of baby-boomer men who have experienced layoffs, broken promises of upard mobility, the Vietnam War, meaningless work, and new definitions of “what it means to be a man” in contemporary America. A further “cause” of their plight, she writes, is the emphasis on celebrity in American culture. The narratives in Faludi’s book are woven through with themes of loss and the substitution of superficial values for the “real” values of meaningful work.
Faludi asserts that many men today feel “shipwrecked” in a service economy, but that this is only the start of their troubles. Victims of downsizing and de-skilling, they no longer play breadwinner roles in their families and develop difficulties in their marriages. In some cases, wives they once supported now support them.
Through this book she hopes to make men conscious of their condition and to encourage them to mobilize in ways approximating the women’s movement of the 1960s and 1970s. This is a commendable task, but it is doubtful whether men will either accept its premises or identify with the individuals Faludi refers to in making her case.
(Adapted from https://www.dissentmagazine.org)
De acordo com o texto,