Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Escolha a disciplina, dificuldade em Filtrar Questões
Questão 9 159513UEM 2017
Origins of Corn
Corn, also known as maize, is the most important food crop of the Americas, cultivated by hundreds of different tribes. A large number of Indian myths deal with the origin of corn and how it came to be grown by humans. Many of the tales center on a "Corn Mother" or other female figure who introduces corn to the people. Those women goddesses are associated with fertility.
The Zuni people of the southwestern United States have a myth about eight corn maidens. The young women are invisible, but their beautiful dancing movements can be seen when they dance with the growing corn as it waves in the wind.
Native Americans of the Southeast hold a Green Corn Dance to celebrate the New Year. This important ceremony thanking the spirits for the harvest. It involves rituals of purification and forgiveness and a variety of dances. Finally, the new corn can be offered to a ceremonial fire, and a great feast follows.
Corn played an important mythological role in many tribes as well – in some cultures, Corn was a respected deity, while in others, corn was a special gift to the people from the Creator or culture hero. In addition to its importance as a food source, corn also played a ceremonial role in many tribes, with sacred corn pollen or cornmeal being used as ritual adornment and spiritual offerings.
(Texto adaptado, disponível em: <http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Ca-Cr/Corn.html e http://www.native-languages.org/legends-corn.htm>. Acesso: 25 jun. 2017)
Female – feminina, mulheres
Maidens – moças, donzelas
Growing – crescendo
Waves – fazem ondas
Cornmeal – comida feita com milho
Harvest – colheita
Analise as assertivas a seguir e assinale a alternativa que aponta aquelas que indicam parte dos rituais realizados para agradecer a colheita na Dança do Milho Verde.
I. Agradecimento aos espíritos pela colheita.
II. Realização de uma grande festa.
III. Realização de rituais de purificação.
IV. Ato de jogar o milho na água.
Questão 20 42418UERJ 2012/1
It was almost nightfall. The whole day: rain, torrents of rain. Drenched to the bone, I arrived in a
little Calabrian village. I had to find a hearth where I could dry out, a corner where I could sleep.
The streets were deserted, the doors bolted. The dogs were the only ones to scent the stranger’s
breath; they began to bark from within the courtyards. The peasants in this region are wild and
 misanthropic, suspicious of strangers. I hesitated at every door, extended my hand, but did not
dare to knock.
O for my late grandfather in Crete!, who took his lantern each evening and made the rounds of
the village to see if any stranger had come. He would take him home, feed him, give him a bed for
the night, and then in the morning see him off with a cup of wine and a slice of bread. Here in the
 Calabrian villages there were no such grandfathers.
Suddenly I saw an open door at the edge of the village. Inclining my head, I looked in: a murky
corridor with a lighted fire at the far end and an old lady bent over it. She seemed to be cooking.
I crossed the threshold and entered. I reached the fire and sat down on a stool which I found in
front of the hearth. The old lady was squatting on another stool, stirring the meal with a wooden
 spoon. I felt that she eyed me rapidly, without turning. But she said nothing. Taking off my jacket,
I began to dry it. I sensed happiness rising in me like warmth, from my feet to my shins, my thighs,
my breast. Hungrily, avidly, I breathed in the delicious smell of the steam rising from the pot.
Once more I realized to what an extent earthly happiness is made to the measure of man. It is not
a rare bird which we must pursue at one moment in heaven, at the next in our minds. Happiness
 is a domestic bird in our own courtyards.
As soon as we finished, she prepared a bed for me on a bench to the right of the table. I lay down,
and she lay down on the other bench opposite me. Outside the rain was falling by the bucketful.
For a considerable time I heard the water cackle on the roof, mixed with the old lady’s calm, quiet
breathing. She must have been tired, for she fell asleep the moment she inclined her head. Little
 by little, with the rain and the old lady’s respiration, I too slipped into sleep. When I awoke, I saw
daylight peering through the cracks in the door.
The old lady had already risen and placed a saucepan on the fire to prepare the morning milk.
I looked at her now in the sparse daylight. Shriveled and hump, she could fit into the palm of
your hand. Her legs were so swollen that she had to stop at every step and catch her breath.
 But her eyes, only her large, pitch-black eyes, gleamed with youthful, unaging brilliance. How
beautiful she must have been in her youth, I thought to myself, cursing man’s fate, his inevitable
deterioration. Sitting down opposite each other again, we drank the milk. Then I rose and slung
my carpetbag over my shoulder. I took out my wallet, but the old lady colored deeply.
“No, no,” she murmured, extending her hand.
 As I looked at her in astonishment, the whole of her wrinkled face suddenly gleamed.
“Goodbye, and God bless you,” she said. “May the Lord repay you for the good you’ve done me.
Since my husband died I’ve never slept so well.”
NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS* http://grammar.about.com
Happiness is a domestic bird in our own courtyards. (ℓ. 19-20)
This fragment contains a figure of speech which is labeled as:
Questão 55 1303082EsPCEx 2° Dia 2019
Leia o texto a seguir e responda à questão.
Prison without guards or weapons in Brazil
Tatiane Correia de Lima is a 26-year-old mother of two who is serving a 12-year sentence in Brazil. The South American country has the world’s fourth largest prison population and its jails regularly come under the spotlight for their poor conditions, with chronic overcrowding and gang violence provoking deadly riots.
Lima had just been moved from a prison in the mainstream penitential system to a facility run ______(1) the Association for the Protection and Assistance to Convicts (APAC) in the town of Itaúna, in Minas Gerais state. Unlike in the mainstream system, “which steals your femininity”, as Lima puts it, at the APAC jail she is allowed to wear her own clothes and have a mirror, make-up and hair dye. But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep.
The APAC system has been gaining growing recognition as a safer, cheaper and more humane answer to the country’s prison crisis. All APAC prisoners must have passed through the mainstream system and must show remorse and be willing to follow the strict regime of work and study which is part of the system’s philosophy. There are no guards or weapons and visitors are greeted by an inmate who unlocks the main door to the small women’s jail.
Inmates are known as recuperandos (recovering people), reflecting the APAC focus ______(2) restorative justice and rehabilitation. They must study and work, sometimes in collaboration with the local community. If they do not - or if they try to abscond - they risk being returned to the mainstream system. There have been physical fights but never a murder at an APAC jail.
Adapted from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44056946
In the sentence “But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep.” (paragraph 2), the expression skin-deep means
Questão 15 489243CESMAC Demais Cursos 2019/1
Read the text below and answer the following question.
Do tweens and teens believe “fake news”?
Let's be clear: "Fake news" has always existed. From P.T. Barnum to Ripley's Believe It or Not to supermarket tabloids, selling outrageous ideas has long been a part of our culture. Most kids can tell the difference between the shocking stories they see in the checkout line and the more evenhanded reporting they see on the local TV news.
But today's fake online news sources so closely mimic real news that it's challenging even for adults to discern what's real and what's fake. Also, kids have less experience in and context for evaluating news sources, so certain words or images that might immediately tell an adult that something is fake or biased might not have the same effect on kids.
According to Common Sense Media's report, News and America's Kids: How Young People Perceive and Are Impacted by the News, less than half of kids agree that they know how to tell fake news stories from real ones. When it comes to online news, the stats reveal a serious lack of faith:
Only about one in four kids who gets news online think that news posted online is "very accurate."
Only seven percent think news by people they don't know well is "very accurate."
Tweens are more likely than teens to think that news posted online is "very accurate."
The good news is that kids who get news from social media sites are trying to be careful readers. Most kids who get their news from social media say they pay "a lot" or "some" attention to the source the link on social media takes them to. And the majority who get news online say that when they come across information in a news story that they think is wrong, they "sometimes" or "often" try to figure out whether or not it's true.
Adaptado de: < https://www.commonsensemedia.org/news-andmedia-literacy/do-tweens-and-teens-believe-fake-news> Acessado em 19 de outubro de 2018.
Questão 39 279163EPCAR 2018
Directions: Read the text below and answer question according to it.
SOME OF THE INTERNET'S CRAZIEST CONSPIRACY THEORIES
Michael Jackson Is Still Alive
The advent of the internet hasn't just cooked up1
new conspiracy theories, it's also accelerated existing
ones. If you refuse to believe that it was the Iranians that
 killed him, perhaps you'll be convinced that MJ is actually
still alive. Proof? His own daughter Paris Jackson took a
photo of him. Seriously. What do you mean you don't
see him? He's right there in the back seat, stacked2
under that pile of clothes wearing his iconic hat. Believe,
 man. Thriller Vol.2 to drop next year.
The Moon Doesn't Exist
It's no good looking at it, night after night. The
moon doesn't exist. It's a hologram, put there by persons
unknown. Of course, serial conspiracy theorist David
 Icke has a theory. There are also countless YouTubers
keeping an eye out, one of whom has gone as far as
"looking at it regularly for a year".
Jay Z Is A Time-Travelling Vampire
There are vast regions of the internet devoted to
 explaining why Jay Z is part of the Illuminati. Hence3
when this photo, which was taken in New York in 1939,
appeared last year, he was accused of being a timetraveller.
And a vampire. This video lists other old-time
celebrity lookalikes4, as well as suggesting that
 Hollywood stars don't age because they're the immortal
bloodsucking undead. Not because they're stuffed5 with
The Earth Is Hollow
Don't give up, readers. We're halfway through
 this list. We can make it to the end. Dig6 deep. Well, not
too deep. You see, the Earth is hollow7 and accessible
via portals at the north and south poles. Luckily though,
it's quite habitable down there, providing excellent living
quarters8 for the lost Viking colonies of Greenland and
 the Nazis, while "aliens" are in fact just visitors from the
Siri Can Predict The Apocalypse
Amazing as it may seem, given that it can't do
anything else you actually ask it to do, Siri can predict
 the apocalypse. When asked "What day is 27th July
2014?", Apple's assistant replied, "The opening of the
gate of Hades", aka9 The End Of The World. That date
has now passed without issue10. Say what you like about
the maligned MS Office paperclip, but at least he didn't
 scaremonger11 that the end was near.
We All Live In The Matrix And Billionaires Want To Break Us Out Of It
The New Yorker’s Tad Friend claims that many
people in Silicone Valley are obsessed with the idea that
 we're all living in a Matrix-like simulation, and some are
taking that obsession a stage further: “Two tech
billionaires have gone so far as to secretly engage
scientists to work on breaking us out of the
simulation.”Here's hoping Mark Zuckerberg is 'The One',
Hitler Is Still Alive
"Hitler is still alive" rumours have circulated since
the 1970s, fuelled by the fact that his crony Josef
Mengele hid in South America. Stories like this one,
 however, speculate the 125-year-old Hitler has been
responsible for various world disasters, including 9/11
and the 2010 Gulf oil spill, which happened on his
birthday. Other theories say he died in 1984 in Brazil,
aged 94. Or in Argentina, aged 73.
(Adapted from http://www.shortlist.com/entertainment/20-of-the-internets-craziestconspiracy-theories/Acesso em: 14 de fev 2017)
1 - cook up – to invent a story, a plan, etc.
2 - stacked – covered with things
3 - hence – the reason, the explanation for
4 - lookalikes – similar in appearance
5 - stuffed – filled with something
6 - dig – to make a hole in the ground
7 - hollow – a hole or empty space
8 - quarter – a place to live
9 - aka – abbreviation for also known as
10 - issue – problem
11 - scaremonger – a person that creates stories that cause public fear
According to paragraph 3, conspiracy theories DON’T consider that
Questão 21 296367UFU 2° Dia 2018/2
“Once we’re dead, we’re dead. I don’t want a Japanese designer to start designing Dolce & Gabbana,” Gabbana, 55, said in an interview with Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera.
The veteran fashionistas launched their brand in 1985 and continue to work together despite breaking up as a couple in 2004. “When we split up, we said to ourselves that it was better to divide up everything, because if I took a blow to the head the next day he would have found himself dealing with someone not involved in the industry, like for example my cousin, who could ruin the business,” Gabbana said. “We have created a trust neither of us can touch.”
Dolce, 59, added that the pair had refused “every offer to buy the brand”. “You can have all the money in the world, but if you are not free, what do you do? You don’t go to the grave with a coffin stuffed with money,” he said.
Designer Stefano Gabbana says he is tired of being labelled as gay. “I’m too busy working. I don’t care about becoming richer – my goal is to be successful,” he said. The two men said they still share an exceptional bond, even though they are no longer romantically linked. “Even today, what is mine is his, and what is his is mine ...”
Disponı́vel em: . Acesso em: 24 mar. 2018.
According to the text,
I. Domenico and Stefano imply the Dolce & Gabbana label will die with them.
II. The Italian designers still maintain a romantic and long lasting relationship.
III. For them, success in their careers seems to be more important than money.
IV. Gabbana said he only trusts Dolce and his own cousin to run their business.
V. Even though they love each other, their fortunes are kept apart from one another.
Assinale a alternativa que apresenta apenas afirmativas corretas.
Saídas de Tela
Saídas de Tela
Durante a realização dessa avaliação você não pode mudar de tela.
Cuidados para evitar que sua avaliação seja bloqueada:
- Não mude de programa ou de aba durante a avaliação.
- Desative a opção de bloqueio de tela, caso esteja fazendo alguma cálculo no papel.
- Não acesse outras notificações ou alertas durante a avaliação.
- Caso sua avaliação seja finalizada, apenas seu professor poderá reativá-la.