Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 3 7514595UFMS 2022
Leia o texto a seguir para responder às questão.
Brazilian Poet Manoel de Barros Dies Aged 97
From São Paulo Contribution for Folha from
The author who wrote verses from the "depths of the trifling", as it features in a poem and one of his books, poet Manoel de Barros died on Thursday morning, November 13th, aged 97, in Campo Grande, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul - MS.
Manoel de Barros was born in Cuiabá and throughout his life he wrote 18 poetry books, in addition to children's books and autobiographical accounts.
He received a number of literary prizes, two of which were Jabuti prizes (Tortoise prizes) - one in 1989 for "O Guardador de Águas" and in 2002 for "O Fazedor do Amanhecer".
Manoel de Barros used to say that "poetry is not supposed to be understood, it is supposed to be incorporated. Understanding it creates a wall. One ought to try to be a tree"
(Texto adaptado. Fonte: Disponível em: . Acesso em: 24 out. 2021)
Assinale a alternativa que responda corretamente às seguintes perguntas:
(1) Who was Manoel de Barros?
(2) How old was Manoel de Barros when he died?
(3) Where did he die?
(4) What did he use to say about Poetry?
Questão 4 7514621UFMS 2022
Leia o texto a seguir e responda à questão.
Brazilian Poet Manoel de Barros Dies Aged 97
The author who wrote verses from the “depths of the trifling”, as it features in a poem and one of his books, poet Manoel de Barros died on Thursday morning, November 13th, aged 97, in Campo Grande, in Mato Grosso do Sul state.
He had been in intensive care for over a week after he undergone surgery for bowel obstruction. According to the hospital he died due to multiple organ failure. Manoel de Barros was born in Cuiabá and throughout his life he wrote 18 poetry books, in addition to children's books and autobiographical accounts.
He received several literary prizes, two of which were Jabuti prizes (Tortoise prizes) - one in 1989 for “O Guardador de Águas” and in 2002 for “O Fazedor do Amanhecer”. Barros used to say that “poetry is not supposed to be understood, it is supposed to be incorporated. Understanding it creates a wall. One ought to try to be a tree”. Manoel de Barros was a philosopher who liked to think and rethink the world through poetry. Eucanaã Ferraz has said that Barros was wise and surfaced already as an essential author. Almost half a century went by until his debut in literature: “Poemas Concebidos Sem Pecado” was published in 1937 almost in handmade style, with 21 copies.
The greatest publishing of his works only came in the second half of the 1980s, thanks to the efforts of admirers such as Brazilian writers Millôr Fernanddes and Antonio Houaiss, for whom he was often compared to Saint Francis of Assisi“in his humility before everything”. Even after his tardy success as one of the greatest Brazilian writers of his generation, he stayed true to his origins.
He lived in Corumbá in Mato Grosso do Sul state, with stints in Rio de Janeiro and New York. Since the end of the 1970s, he lived in Campo Grande with his wife, Stella and their daughter, Martha.
(Texto Adaptado. Disponível em: https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/internacional/en/cultur e/2014/11/1548038-brazilian-poet-manoel-de-barrosdies-aged-97.shtml. Acesso em: 25 out. 2021)
Na sentença “Barros was wise and surfaced already as an essential author”, é correto afirmar:
Questão 19 3639122ACAFE Medicina Verão 2021
When it comes to looking inedible the squid
goes all out. Tentacles, suckers, big blobby eyes,
anything to help communicate the message
"Do not eat me, under any circumstances".
 There's even a beak in there somewhere.
It's really more threat than feast.
Which got us thinking. What on earth
was the first person to eat squid doing?
Who in their right mind could look at
 raw squid and say, "That's the snack for me"?!?
TO THE VISIONARY WHO FIRST SAW
TENTACLED BRAIN SACS
AND THOUGHT "LUNCH".
What a weirdo. What a hero.
 Because as we know, squid just happens
to be one of life's greatest pleasures:
chargrilled squid salad, chilli squid linguine,
crisp calamari dunked in mayo...
So we'd like to say a heartfelt
 thank you to the first person to eat squid.
And to all the food pioneers who boldly
ate what none had eaten before -
giving those funny-looking foods
the chance to be delicious.
(Source: https://www.adforum.com/award-organization/6650183/showcase/2017/ad/34548009 retrieved on September26, 2019)
What does the adjective inedible mean in line1?
Questão 8 5951950PUC-RS Verão 2021
A History of the Influencer, from Shakespeare to Instagram
By Laurence Scott
Late last year, the Daily Mail identified Ralphie
Waplington as Britain’s “youngest social media
‘influencer’ ”. Ralphie, who is two, has twenty thousand
Instagram followers. For most of his life, he has been
 an unknowing model of baby clothes and other infant
paraphernalia. Members of his extended family must
seek approval before posting their own photos of
Ralphie, lest an off-message picture harm his brand.
Ralphie is undeniably cute. But his cuteness only
compounds the sense of unease we feel whenever
we contemplate influencers and their craft. On one
level, “influencer” is an anodyne, commercial label,
describing someone who monetizes an online
following by endorsing products or services – a
celebrity spokesperson for the social-media age.
And yet “influencer” also sounds slightly sinister; the
Influencer could be a Batman villain, alongside the
Connectivity is the basis _____ the heightened role
 that influence now plays _____ our lives. Digital
technologies soften the borders between people and
create a porousness _____ which influence depends.
In a fairly undisguised etymology, the word “influence”
comes from the Latin for “inflow”, which provides an
 image of the way that, every second, our thoughts
now stream _____ one another’s pockets. Admitting to
being influenced, we give up the attractive idea that, as
individuals or societies, we are entirely self-contained.
Influence was worrisome long before it was digital.
 The word “influence” appears in a quarter of William
Shakespeare’s plays, in which the condition of being
influenced is rarely happy or dignified. Almost without
exception, Shakespeare gives influence a darkly
astrological cast. Shakespeare’s portrayal of influence
 may seem outmoded, but it has an unsettling echo
in the fact that, in many ways, online influence isn’t
directed by human agents. The algorithms that dictate
which videos are recommended by YouTube, or the
hidden engines that prioritize certain social-media
 posts over others, are the digital equivalents of
Shakespeare’s remote, “skyey” influences.
Lately, the influencer phenomenon has been mutating
in surprising ways. In December, The Atlantic reported
on people who style their social-media content to make
 it seem as though they are sponsored by businesses.
One example is the aspiring life-style influencer
Sydney Pugh, who describes taking a picture of the
coffee she had just bought, then captioning it with a
jaunty declaration of love for Alfred Coffee. Meanwhile,
 last year, news reports began to appear about hackers
locking influencers out of their social-media accounts
and charging them ransoms.
In a recent tweet, Pope Francis called the Virgin Mary
“the first ‘influencer,’ ” encouraging others to follow her
 #blessed example by spreading the word of God. As
Francis’s characteristically trendy claim reminds us,
influence doesn’t have to be aligned with corporate
interests: there are positive ways to influence people.
Adapted from: https://www.newyorker.com/ culture/annals-of-inquiry/a-history-of-theinfluencer-from-shakespeare-to-instagram
Analyze the ideas in the following extracts:
1. “But his cuteness only compounds the sense of unease we feel whenever we contemplate influencers and their craft.” (lines 09 to 11)
2. “…which provides an image of the way that, every second, our thoughts now stream...” (lines 24 to 26)
3. “Shakespeare’s portrayal of influence may seem outmoded, but it has an unsettling echo in the fact that, in many ways, online influence isn’t directed by human agents.” (lines 34 to 37)
4. “…people who style their social-media content to make it seem as though they are sponsored by businesses.” (lines 44 and 45)
Which row of words relate, respectively, to the ideas expressed by the extracts above?
Questão 56 1520821CESUPA 2020
READ THE TEXT BELOW, ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION.
Buffalo Wild Wings waitress fired for telling black customer, ‘Don’t take this racially but…’
A Texas customer named Tasha Lee told Fox 26 that, while checking her I.D., the Tomball waitress remarked: “don’t take this racially, but sometimes the only way you can tell with black people is from their eyes and their smiles, because it’s so dark”.
Lee told Fox 26: “I was in disbelief, I was shocked. I couldn’t really, it was hard to believe that I had heard what I heard.”
The waitress was reportedly either white or Hispanic and mentioned to Lee that her son-in-law and grandson were black.
The server was reportedly swapped out for a new one and a manager apologized to Lee, comping her meal and giving her a $10 gift card for her drink.
Lee told Fox 26: “I mean, to tell a black person that the only way you can tell it’s them from their picture is from the whites of their eyes, and the whites of their teeth is absolutely unacceptable. While this was the first time this has happened to me so overtly, this is a normal experience for African-Americans everywhere”.
According to the company’s corporate spokesperson, “the employee in this case no longer works for Buffalo Wild Wings. We value an inclusive environment and have no tolerance for discrimination of any kind. We’ve offered our deepest apologies to the guest”.
Reportedly: segundo o que foi dito na ocorrência
Swap out: trocar
Comp: receber algo gratuitamente
According to the text,
Questão 55 5945333PUC-SP 2020
Responda a questão de acordo com o texto abaixo.
Man who stood up for six hours on flight so wife could sleep goes vira
1- A man who stood on a plane for six hours so his wife could sleep across three seats has divided opinion online, with some describing the gesture as "romantic" and others as "selfish" on the wife's part.
2- Courtney Lee Johnson shared a picture on social media of the man standing in the aisle of the cabin and leaning on the tops of two seats as a woman lay across an entire row with her feet up. "This guy stood up the whole 6 hours so his wife could sleep. Now that is love," she claimed in the caption.
3- While some commenters expressed disbelief that cabin crew had allowed the man to stand for six hours, others said they thought the wife was wrong to expect or allow him to do so.
4- "That's not love. That's selfishness on the woman's part," one commenter said. "Can't she just place her head on his shoulders and sleep? Love doesn't work like that."
5- "Unless she's sick and this is the only rest position in the circumstance that will make her stay alive. If not, it does not make sense", said another.
6- "If that is love then I rather be lonely," said a third.
7- Another said: "I won't judge their marriage. My hubs is the kind of man who would do this for me, but I am not the kind of wife to ask this of him!"
8- It's not the first time plane etiquette sparked debate online.
9- In March, a US man's $220 compensation demand from an obese passenger for taking up part of his seat proved controversial. Reddit user Big Bawluh had been booked on a five-hour flight, which he said he endured uncomfortably "pressed up against" the other man and wanted to be "compensated".
10- "The problem here was that this large dude stuck you with being uncomfortable on your flight, right? Well, the [US]$150 didn't make you any less squished in your seat, so it really feels like you just blackmailed this guy for being fat," one said.
11- Others were supportive.
12- "You had every right to ask the flight attendant for a solution, and between the man and you, a solution was agreed upon. Everyone else can relax, because it wasn't their seat being overtaken on a flight."
13- However, another said the real problem was with the airlines themselves.
14- "But until consumers organize and demand that airlines stop cramming more and more people into smaller and smaller spaces, most of us have decided to just grit our teeth and deal with how uncomfortable air travel is."
No parágrafo 2, o pronome she refere-se