Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 31 6694503USCS 2022
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
The Amazon rainforest is now emitting more carbon dioxide than it is able to absorb, scientists have confirmed for the first time. The emissions amount to a billion tonnes of carbon dioxide a year, according to a study. The giant forest had previously been a carbon sink, absorbing the emissions driving the climate crisis, but is now causing its acceleration, researchers said.
Most of the emissions are caused by fires, many deliberately set to clear land for beef and soy production. But even without fires, hotter temperatures and droughts mean the south-eastern Amazon has become a source of CO2, rather than a sink.
Growing trees and plants have taken up about a quarter of all fossil fuel emissions since 1960, with the Amazon playing a major role as the largest tropical forest. Losing the Amazon’s power to capture CO2 is a stark warning that slashing emissions from fossil fuels is more urgent than ever, scientists said.
The research used small planes to measure CO2 levels up to 4,500 m above the forest over the last decade, showing how the whole Amazon is changing. Previous studies indicating the Amazon was becoming a source of CO2 were based on satellite data, which can be hampered by cloud cover, or ground measurements of trees, which can cover only a tiny part of the vast region.
The scientists said the discovery that part of the Amazon was emitting carbon even without fires was particularly worrying. They said it was most likely the result of each year’s deforestation and fires making adjacent forests more susceptible the next year. The trees produce much of the region’s rain, so fewer trees means more severe droughts and heatwaves and more tree deaths and fires.
(Damian Carrington. www.theguardian.com, 14.07.2021. Adaptado.)
The title that best summarizes the main ideia of the text is:
Questão 39 1675486Unit-SE Demais cursos 1° Dia 2019/1
When Sudan, the last northern white rhino bull, died
in March 2018, that left alive only two females of
the subspecies once common in Central and East
Africa.Both are descendants of Sudan and live in Kenya,
 and were considered infertile. But now, new hope is
emerging that extinction of the species can still be
prevented. Researchers have successfully created living
embryos in the laboratory from frozen sperm of the
northern white rhinoceros and egg cells from the southern
 white rhinoceros. It’s the most closely related
subspecies, with more than 20,000 southern rhinos living
in the wild.
Although such hybrid embryos are not pure northern
white rhinoceros, the researchers are optimistic. They
 plan to take egg cells from the still living northern
rhinoceros females in autumn of this year, and to fertilize
them with stored sperm from the same species.They
then intend to implant the oocytes into fertile southern
rhinoceros females in early 2019. This method is also
 used in human reproductive medicine.
Even if healthy rhinoceros calves can be
produced, whether the northern white rhino can be saved
in the long term remains unclear. As the sperm comes
from a few rhinoceros bulls, limited genetic diversity could
 endanger the health of a newly bred northern white rhino
population. Due to the smaller gene pool, such inbreeding
typically leads to higher rates of recessive disorders,
translating into higher death rates and poorer overall
 Still, the research unit is hoping that stem cell
technology can create more eggs and sperm from the
skin cells of 12 northern whites, increasing the supply
and genetic variety. If the scientists pull it off, they’ll
both rescue a seemingly doomed animal and provide a
 blueprint for protecting other animals teetering on the
edge of oblivion.
WHEN SUDAN...Disponível em: https://www.dw.com/en/researcherscreate-hybrid-northern-white-rhino-embryos/a-44527410. Acesso em: 1 nov. 2018. Adaptado.
The central idea of this text is summarized in:
Questão 89 925819PUC-RS Verão 2019
INSTRUÇÃO: Responder à questão com base no texto.
Rip Van Winkle is a classic American short story written by Washington Irving based on local history _____ with influences from European folklore. It tells the story of a man who lived near the Catskill Mountains in New York before the Revolutionary War and fell asleep for twenty years. Everything he knew _____ in the town was gone. _____, he learned that he had to navigate this new world as a free citizen of the United States.
Adapted from: http://www.supersummary.com/rip-van-winkle/summary/ and https://www.bookreports.info/rip-van-winkle-summary/
The alternative that brings words that fill in the blanks in text, respectively, is
Questão 39 1356270AFA 2012
Directions: Read the text and answer question
Murderesses Velma Kelly (a woman who killed her husband and sister after finding them in bed together) and Roxie Hart (who killed her boyfriend when she discovered he wasn't going to make her a star) find themselves on death row together and fight for the fame that will keep them from the gallows, in 1920s musical Chicago.
Adapted from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0299658/plotsummary
Mark the most appropriate option.
According to the plot summary, the musical Chicago shows
Questão 40 81291UNITAU Medicina 2010
Questão 8 287557UCS 2017
RIP VAN WINKLE SUMMARY
Autor do conto original: Washington Irving
Diedrich Knickerbocker, an old New York gentleman with an interest in
the histories and stories told by the descendants of Dutch settlers in New York
in the early 19th century, narrates the story of a simple, good-natured man
named Rip Van Winkle, who lives in a small village in the Catskills. Though
 Rip comes from a family full of chivalrous and militaristically successful men,
he is unconcerned with such things and is chiefly occupied with escaping
his duties to his home and family and avoiding his nagging wife, Dame Van
Winkle. He spends most of his day out of the house with his dog Wolf, where
his wife can’t reach him as easily, either talking with townspeople at the inn,
 hunting squirrels, fishing or helping on farms other than his own.
One day Dame Van Winkle is so persistent in her haranguing pursuit of
Rip that he flees to the woods with his gun and dog. He absently follows a
squirrel high into the Catskill Mountains and ends up taking a nap. Just as the
day’s light is fading and Rip is preparing to go back down the mountain, he
 encounters a stranger. The stranger is holding a heavy keg on his back, and
Rip, drawn by some mysterious force, helps the stranger carry the keg to the
top of the mountain where he finds strange men wearing antiquated clothing
playing ninepins (these men are the spirits of Hendrick Hudson and the crew
of the ship Half Moon, though Rip doesn’t know that). Rip is instructed to serve
 them a drink that is so enticing that Rip secretly tastes some himself, and
then consumes it immoderately and falls into a deep sleep on the mountain.
When Rip wakes up he assumes he has slept through the night, and
worries about the backlash he will face from Dame Van Winkle. But soon it
becomes apparent that something strange has happened. The gun by his
 side is an old and rusty one, and his beard is now a foot long. His joints
are stiff, and he finds it difficult to climb the mountain. He tries to locate the
peak on which he fell asleep but cannot find it. Wolf is also nowhere to be
found, and after searching for him as long as he could, Rip apprehensively
descends the mountain with the rusty gun, dreading his reunion with his wife.
 Though the path is nowhere to be found and the landscape is strange, Rip
successfully makes his way back to the village.
On the outskirts of the village a group of children – none of whom are
familiar to Rip – chase after him and point at his beard. Rip notices that the
village is now larger and more populated. New houses line the roads and
 unfamiliar faces peer out at him from windows. Perplexed, Rip finds his old
house. He expects to hear his wife yelling at him with a sharp voice, but never
does. What’s more, his house is dilapidated, as though no one has tended to
it in a very long time. He sees a dog that resembles Wolf, but the dog is dirty
and emaciated, and does not recognize Rip. He goes to the inn to look for his
 old friends and finds in its place the Union Hotel.
Rip introduced himself to the strangers at the hotel as a “loyal subject
of the king” but this is met with outrage. He discovers that 20 years have
passed since he went up the mountain. The American Revolution has taken
place. His friends and neighbors Nicholas Vedder and Brom Ducher are
 dead, and Derrick Van Bummel is working in the newly established American
Congress. His son Rip Van Winkle Jr. has grown up to be just like his father,
and his daughter Judith has married and has a child (Rip Van Winkle III).
The townspeople come to believe Rip’s story on the mountain after his tale is
corroborated and explained by the oldest man in town, Peter Vanderdonk, and
 the townsfolk eventually turn their attention back to the upcoming presidential
election. Rip moves in with his daughter and spends the rest of his days living
as he did prior to his disappearance, only now he has no need to worry about
his wife’s intrusion and lives freely and peacefully.
Disponível em:<http://www.licharts.com/lit/rip-van-winkle/summary > Acesso em: 8 mar. 17. (Adaptado.)
Conforme o texto, é correto afirmar que