Questões de Inglês - Reading/Writing
Questão 60 3615928Campo Real Medicina 2018
O texto a seguir é referência para a questão.
Coffee Processing and Coffee Quality
By ‘Coffee Review’
Coffee beans are not beans at all in a botanical sense. They are the twin seeds of a red (sometimes yellow) fruit that grows to about the size of the tip of your little finger. Growers call these coffee fruit coffee cherries. Before the coffee can be shipped and roasted, the bean or seed must be separated from the fruit. Nature has been lavish in its packaging of the coffee seed, and removing the three sets of skin and one layer of pulp from around the seed is a complex process. If done properly, the coffee looks better, tastes better, and demands a higher price.
The worst preparation or processing would be as follows: The coffee berries are stripped – leaves, unripe berries, and all – onto the ground. This mixture is then scooped up, sifted, and dried in the sun (and sometimes in the rain, which is one of the problems with such coffees). Later the dried, shriveled fruit is stripped off the bean. Some beans may be small and deformed, shriveled, or discolored. In very poorly prepared coffee all the beans, good and bad, plus a few twigs, a little dirt, and some stones, are shipped together. The various flavor taints associated with cheap coffee – sourness, mustiness, harshness, composty taste – all derive from careless picking, fruit removal and drying.
The best preparation would run like this: The coffee cherries are selectively picked as they ripen. The same day they are picked, the outer skin is removed, exposing the pulp. The pulp-covered beans are then subject to controlled fermentation in tanks. The ferment-loosened, flabby pulp is then gently washed off the beans and they are dried, after which the last layers of skin, now dry and crumbly, are stripped from the bean by machine.
Between these two extremes – carelessly picked coffees simply put out into the sun to dry and selectively picked, wet-processed coffees – are coffees that have been dried in the old-fashioned way, with the fruit still clinging to the bean, but have been picked selectively and dried with care. These high-quality dry-processed or “natural” coffees can be superb, alive with fruity nuance.
Consider the code ‘W’ for what the text calls ‘the worst preparation’ and ‘B’ for ‘the best preparation’ for the following sentences:
( ) Coffee may be exposed to weather conditions.
( ) Only ripe coffee cherries are used.
( ) Coffee beans are extracted from sun-dried cherries.
( ) Removing the skin and the layers of pulp involve different phases, some of which may involve machinery or chemical processes.
Mark the alternative bellow that reflects to which type of preparation each of the sentences above refer to, from top to bottom.
Questão 13 90527UnB 1° Dia 2014
 The development of technology in the last decades has
considerably improved our lifestyles. It has made its impact
felt on each and every aspect of life, also on the communication
 techniques. Everything has both a positive and negative impact,
and the impact of technology on the communication process
also comes as mixed baggage.
 Technology has transformed the once big and far
world into a tiny global village. Thanks to technology, we now
have the power to communicate with anybody on the other side
 of the world. Technology has brought the world closer and
promoted exchange of thoughts to find better solutions to any
problem. Services like video-conferencing have made it
 possible to provide students with best education via the web.
The most prominent negative effect of technology is
that the charm of the good old world is missing. The lengthy
 face-to-face conversations have been slowly going away, and
have been replaced by texting or chatting. The current young
generation lacks essential interpersonal skills (the ability to
 express the ideas and thoughts to others face-to-face).
According to the text above, it can be concluded that
since the recent remarkable technological progress the world has witnessed, people’s life has no longer been the same.
Questão 26 215687UNESP 2018/1
What’s your ideal time of the day for brain performance? Surprisingly, the answer to this isn’t as simple as being a morning or a night person. New research has shown that certain times of the day are best for completing specific tasks, and listening to your body’s natural clock may help you to accomplish more in 24 hours.
Science suggests that the best time for our natural peak productivity is late morning. Our body temperatures start to rise just before we wake up in the morning and continue to increase through midday, Steve Kay, a professor of molecular and computational biology at the University of Southern California told The Wall Street Journal. This gradual increase in body temperature means that our working memory, alertness, and concentration also gradually improve, peaking at about mid morning. Our alertness tends to dip after this point, but one study suggested that midday fatigue may actually boost our creative abilities. For a 2011 study, 428 students were asked to solve a series of two types of problems, requiring either analytical or novel thinking. Results showed that their performance on the second type was best at non-peak times of day when they were tired.
As for the age where our brains are at peak condition, science has long held that fluid intelligence, or the ability to think quickly and recall information, peaks at around age 20. However, a 2015 study revealed that peak brain age is far more complicated than previously believed and concluded that there are about 30 subsets of intelligence, all of which peak at different ages for different people. For example, the study found that raw speed in processing information appears to peak around age 18 or 19, then immediately starts to decline, but short-term memory continues to improve until around age 25, and then begins to drop around age 35, Medical Xpress reported. The ability to evaluate other people’s emotional states peaked much later, in the 40s or 50s. In addition, the study suggested that out our vocabulary may peak as late as our 60s’s or 70’s.
Still, while working according to your body’s natural clock may sound helpful, it’s important to remember that these times may differ from person to person. On average, people can be divided into two distinct groups: morning people tend to wake up and go to sleep earlier and to be most productive early in the day. Evening people tend to wake up later, start more slowly and peak in the evening. If being a morning or evening person has been working for you the majority of your life, it may be best to not fix what’s not broken.
(Dana Dovey. www.medicaldaily.com, 08.08.2016. Adaptado.)
De acordo com o terceiro parágrafo, o estudo de 2015
Questão 16 1877030UnirG 2018/1
Read the lyrics of the song to answer the question
Thunder - Imagine Dragons
Just a young gun with a quick fuse
I was uptight, wanna let loose
I was dreaming of bigger things
And wanna leave my own life behind
 Not a yes-sir, not a follower
Fit the box, fit the mold
Have a seat in the foyer, take a number
I was lightning before the thunder
Thunder, feel the thunder
 Lightning and the thunder
Thunder, feel the thunder
Lightning and the thunder
 Kids were laughing in my classes
While I was scheming for the masses
Who do you think you are?
Dreaming 'bout being a big star
You say you're basic, you say you're easy
 You're always riding in the back seat
Now I'm smiling from the stage
While you were clapping in the nose bleeds
Available on: https://www.vagalume.com.br/imagine-dragons/thunder.html. Accessed on: October 4, 2017.
In line 17 there is a question. Considering this question as presented in the text, analyze the following statement
This question does not expect an answer
it is a rhetorical question.
Choose the correct alternative about this statement.
Questão 24 294932Albert Einstein 2017/2
Every map you look at is wrong
By Wil Jones in offbeat
Everyone knows what a map of the world looks like, right? It’s probably been burnt into your retinas since your school days.
The thing is, the image you think of what the world looks like is actually pretty wrong. How come? Well, as we’re sure you know, the Earth is spherical. That means it is impossible to produce an accurate flat image, showing the layout of countries as they really are. It’s a hard concept to get your head around with an actual globe in front of you.
[https://www.indy100.com/article/every-map-wrong-this-video-explains-why-7459106]. Acessado em 17/01/2017. Modificado para fins educacionais.
De acordo com o texto:
Questão 24 112872Albert Einstein 2016/1
1. A worker feeds chickens at Kee Song Brothers\' drugfree poultry farm in Yong Peng.
2. A researcher counts Lactobacillus colonies forming in a Petri dish.
3. A researcher shows Petri dishes containing Lactobacillus colonies forming.
4. A researcher shows Lactobacillus fermented powder to be mixed with chicken feed.
Escolha a alternativa que apresenta a ordem correta das figuras que ilustram o processo descrito: