Questões de Inglês - Listening/Speaking
Questão 33 105455FAMEVAÇO Caderno G01 2012/1
Go easy on yourself!
Do you treat yourself as well as you treat your friends or your family?
That simple question is the basis of new area of psychological research called self-compassion – how kindly people view themselves. People who find it easy to be supportive and understanding to others often score surprisingly low on self-compassion tests. They get angry with themselves for perceived failures like being overweight or not exercising.
The research suggests that accepting our imperfections may be the first step toward better health. People who score high on tests of self-compassion have less depression and anxiety, and tend to be happier and more optimistic. Preliminary data suggest that self-compassion can even influence how much we eat and may help some people lose weight.
This idea does to contrast with the advice of many doctors and self-help books, which suggest that willpower and self-discipline are the keys to better health. But Kristin Neff, a pioneer in the field says self-compassion is not to be confused with self-indulgence or lower standards.
“I found in my research that the biggest reason people aren’t more self-compassionate is that they are afraid they’ll become self-indulgent,” said Dr. Neff, an associate professor of human development at the University of Texas at Austin. “They believe self-criticism is what keeps them in line. Most people have gotten it wrong because our culture says being hard on yourself is the way to be.”(…)
(FONTE: SpeakUp Magazine #288 page36)
The research mentioned in the text suggests
Questão 16 4626065Unilago 2016/1
Leia a charge a seguir e responda à questão.
Em relação ao trecho “IT’S OK, I’M A DOCTOR”, considere as afirmativas a seguir.
I. O médico preocupa-se com o bem-estar do paciente.
II. O médico minimiza a gravidade da doença do paciente.
III. O médico procura conquistar a confiança do paciente.
IV. O médico demonstra autoridade para justificar seu comportamento.
Assinale a alternativa correta.
Questão 14 94612Mackenzie 2014/1
LAUGHING ALL THE WAY
Understanding jokes is part of the process of native language acquisition, and jokes are part of the charm that belongs to any language. Learning to understand jokes in a new language is both a cause, and a consequence, of language proficiency (Cook 2000).
The most obvious benefit of understanding jokes is that it can help students feel more comfortable in their new language. A shared moment of humor lowers the affective filter, that invisible barrier that makes learners feel awkward and uncomfortable. A low affective filter is one of the cornerstones of successfully learning a new language (Krashen 1982). If a class can laugh together, they are likely to learn better together, too. Jokes based on wordplay have additional benefits because they build metalinguistic awareness, or conscious awareness of the forms of language, and this, ___( I )___, helps in learning more language (Ely and McCabe 1994; Zipke 2008; Lems 2011). In particular, metalinguistic awareness boots reading comprehension and encourages higher-order thinking.
___( II )___ native speakers need to access a great deal of linguisticinformation and background knowledge to “get” a joke (Aarons 2012). At the same time, jokes that are based on wordplay in another language can be really hard to understand because they need to be processed very quickly. In a social setting where everyone is standing around chatting, understanding a joke that comes up may seem like a high-stakes test. Not understanding a joke in this situation can make someone feel like an outsider and create a sense of isolation. ___( III )___, an important partof learning a new language is learning to enjoy its jokes.
Puns: A special form of joke
Puns are a special form of humor based on double meanings. Puns are sometimes nicknamed “the lowest form of humor” and often greeted with groans, but in fact, the language knowledge needed to understand a pun is very sophisticated (Pollack 2011).___( IV )__ they require processing the sound and meaning of words twice, puns demand considerable language agility. __( V )__ humor based on sight gags, funny facial expressions, or amusing visual arrangements, the humor ofpun is based on language play.
ENGLISH TEACHING FORUM – VOLUME 51 NUMBER 1 2013
The text states that