Questões de Inglês - Vocabulary
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Questão 5 1252612ENEM 1° Dia 2019
In this life
Sitting on a park bench
Thinking about a friend of mine
He was only twenty-three
Gone before he had his time.
It came without a warning
Didn't want his friends to see him cry
He knew the day was dawning
And | didn't have a chance to say goodbye. .
MADONNA. Erotica. Estados Unidos: Maverick, 1992.
A canção, muitas vezes, é uma forma de manifestar sentimentos e emoções da vida cotidiana. Por exemplo, o sofrimento retratado nessa canção foi causado
Questão 33 2511434UPE 2º Fase 1º Dia SSA 2019
'I'm 30 and live at home with my parents'.
Reasons for staying at home range from the culturally acceptable to the financial.
Derek Radcliffe, 30, Calgary, Canada
"I have lived my whole life in Calgary, an oil and gas-based city. I saw an abundance of oil and gas jobs in the industry growing up, and becoming a petroleum geologist seemed like a natural course to take.
"I was thrilled when I got my first permanent job at a small oil company, and later I had saved enough money for a down payment on a small townhouse.
"But in July 2016 the company I worked for declared bankruptcy as the price of oil fell. I received no severance but I was able to sell my townhouse (at a loss) right before the company went under.
"My parents and I have always had a good relationship and they were gracious enough to let me move back in with them. They recognize and understand the issues young Canadians encounter.
"A lot of my friends are in the same position and understand the situation I am in. If anything, it's me who is putting pressure on myself to leave home.
"There is still considerable volatility in my employment and in the Canadian oil and gas industry. I am not confident in moving forward and purchasing or renting a new place.
"I would now consider myself in a place of 'precarious employment'. I have no employment insurance, no health or dental coverage. I am not alone in my career uncertainty. I feel I have done everything right, but I still feel anxiety towards the future of my career.
"Right now, 'leaving the nest' is just not a financially wise decision."
(In: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-44236706. Acesso em: 26/05/18. Adaptado)
In the third paragraph, "bankruptcy", "severance" and "at a loss", in the respective order, mean
Questão 28 46402UNESP 2013/2
Brazil wants to count trees in the Amazon rainforest
By Channtal Fleischfresser
February 11, 2013
Brazil is home to roughly 60 percent of the Amazon, about half of what remains of the world’s tropical rainforests. And now, the country has plans to count its trees. A vast undertaking, the new National Forest Inventory hopes to gain “a broad panorama of the quality and the conditions in the forest cover”, according to Brazil’s Forestry Minister Antonio Carlos Hummel.
The census, set to take place over the next four years, will scour 3,288,000 square miles, sampling 20,000 points at 20 kilometer intervals and registering the number, height, diameter, and species of the trees, among other data.
The initiative, aimed to better allocate resources to the country’s forests, is part of a large-scale turnaround in Brazil’s relationship to its forests. While it once had one of the worst rates of deforestation in the world, last year only 1,797 square miles of the Amazon were destroyed – a reduction of nearly 80% compared to 2004.
No trecho do primeiro parágrafo – Brazil is home to roughly 60 percent of the Amazon –, a palavra roughly equivale, em português, a
Questão 15 2338711UERR 2020
Hero for All: Martin Luther King, Jr.
Civil Rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., never backed down in his stand against racism. Learn more about the life of this courageous hero who inspired millions of people to right a historical wrong
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1929. At the time in that part of the country, segregation—or the separation of races in places like schools, buses, and restaurants—was the law. He experienced racial prejudice from the time he was very young, which inspired him to dedicate his life to achieving equality and justice for Americans of all colors. King believed that peaceful refusal to obey unjust law was the best way to bring about social change.
King and his wife, Coretta Scott King, lead demonstrators on the fourth day of a historic fiveday march in 1965. Starting in Selma, Alabama, where local African Americans had been campaigning for the right to vote, King led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators 54 miles to the state capitol of Montgomery.
King was arrested several times during his lifetime. In 1960, he joined black college students in a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter. Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy interceded to have King released from jail, an action that is credited with helping Kennedy win the presidency.
Excerpt from the site https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/history/mart in-luther-king-jr/ researched in August, 2019.
In the sentence: King was arrested several times during his lifetime.
The word in bold CAN BE replaced with no changing in the meaning of the sentence by the term:
Questão 11 1262910FGV-SP Economia - Tarde 2018
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
Why the world’s best footballers are cheaper than they seem
August 12, 2017
For football clubs, August is often the costliest month, when they make vast bids for each other’s players. This year has been particularly lavish. On August 3rd Paris SaintGermain (PSG), a French team, signed Neymar da Silva Santos Júnior, a Brazilian forward, from Barcelona for €222m ($264m), more than twice the prior record price for a footballer.
With three weeks of the transfer “window” left, teams in Europe’s “big five” leagues — the top divisions in England, Spain, Germany, Italy and France — have paid €3.2bn, just short of the record of €3.4bn set last year. The €179m splurged by Manchester City, an English club, on defenders outstrips 47 countries’ defence budgets. Arsène Wenger, a veteran manager of Arsenal, a London team, and an economics graduate, describes the modern transfer market as “beyond calculation and beyond rationality”.
Neymar, as he is known, will cost PSG’s owners, a branch of Qatar’s sovereign-wealth fund, about €500m over five years. In the betting markets, his arrival has boosted PSG’s implied chances of winning the Champions League, Europe’s most coveted club competition — but only from around 5.5% to about 9%. And prize money and ticket sales alone struggle to generate enough revenue to recoup such an outlay.
That does not make Neymar a bad investment. The goals he scores may matter less than the gloss he lends to the club’s brand and the sponsors he will lure. He earns more from endorsements than any footballer except Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi. Some 59% of PSG’s revenue of €520m last year was commercial (that is, other than ticket sales and broadcasting fees), more than any other club in the big five leagues. Neymar has more followers on Instagram, a social network, than does Nike, his main sponsor and the provider of PSG’s kit, for which privilege it pays €24m a year. Neymar’s popularity will help PSG when this deal is renegotiated. Nike has already agreed to pay Barcelona €155m a season from 2018.
PSG’s owners are confident of breaking even, though they could afford a loss. Qatar has been spending €420m a week preparing for the 2022 World Cup, and the signing of Neymar is a message that the otherwise embattled country remains strong and rich. The danger is to PSG, since under “financial fair play” rules, teams are punished if they fail to limit their losses. In 2014 the club was fined for violating these. Another failure to balance the books could mean a ban from the Champions League.
Such spending caps irk billionaire owners, but they have helped prevent the inflation of a transfer-fee bubble. The rapid rise is a result of European football’s expanding fan base. In the English Premier League, football’s richest, average net spending on players per club has stayed roughly constant, hovering at around 15% of revenue since the 1990s, according to the 21st Club, a football consultancy
As long as clubs’ revenues keep growing, the transfer boom is likely to persist. Broadcasting revenue, the game’s first big injection of cash in the 1990s, has become, in the internet era, the weakest link. British television audiences for live games have dipped as some fans opt for illegal streaming sites or free highlights. Zach Fuller, a media analyst, reckons that signing a sponsorship magnet like Neymar is a hedge against volatility in that market.
Audiences are more robust elsewhere: around 100m Chinese viewers tune into the biggest games. Manchester United are the most popular team on Chinese social media, despite qualifying for the Champions League only twice in the past four seasons. They have overtaken Real Madrid, who have won the trophy three times in the same period, as the world’s most prosperous club. If Neymar unlocks new markets as well as defences, then PSG ________ a winner.
(www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/ 21726098-share-clubs-revenues-highest-transferfees-have-been-fairly-constant. Adaptado)
In the excerpt from the seventh paragraph – …television audiences for live games have dipped as some fans opt for… –, the word in bold can be replaced, without meaning change, by
Questão 35 399062EEAR 2018/1
Read the text and answer question
The New York’s Secret Life
 In 2008, the photographer and film director Francesco
Carrozzini bought a townhouse in Greenwich Village for $6.8
million. Ostensibly, he got a home built in 1844 with low
ceilings and small dark rooms. But luxury real estate is never
 about the basics.
The house is part of the Macdougal-Sullivan Gardens
Historic District a landmarked community of 21 row homes.
Between them is a large interior courtyard shaded by maples,
sycamores and palms. It’s a secret garden in the middle o f the
 city, hidden from the street. Each home comes with its own
small backyard that borders on the larger common area
shared by all.
All words bellow are landmarks, except:
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